Module 3, Unit 4
“Talking About Family and Relatives”
Base Sentences – (346-360)
346 Are you married?
346 ¿Es usted casado?
347 No, I’m not married. I’m still single.
347 No, no estoy casado. Todavía estoy sola.
348 Your niece is engaged, isn’t she?
348 Su sobrina se dedica, ¿verdad?
349 My sister has been engaged for two months.
349 Mi hermana se ha dedicado durante dos meses.
350 My grandfather got married in 1945.
350 Mi abuelo se casó en 1945.
351 When is your grandparents’s wedding anniversary?
351 Cuando es aniversario de bodas de sus abuelos?
352 How long have they been married?
352 ¿Cuánto tiempo han estado casados?
353 They’ve been married for quite a few years.
353 Ellos han estado casados desde hace unos años.
354 Who did George marry?
354 ¿A quién casarse con George?
355 Do they have children?
355 ¿Tienen hijos?
356 They had a baby last month.
356 Tuvieron un bebé el mes pasado.
357 My son wants to get married in June.
357 Mi hijo quiere casarse en junio.
358 They don’t know when the wedding will be.
358 Ellos no saben que la boda será.
359 Their grandchildren are grown up now.
359 Sus nietos son mayores ahora.
360 She’s a widow. Her husband died last year.
360 Ella es una viuda. Su marido murió el año pasado.
1. marry =married, marrying, marries
(A) Who did George marry? (B) George married Elizabeth. (C) He married her last year. (A) ¿A quién casarse con George? (B) George se casó con Elizabeth. (C) Se casó con ella el año pasado.
2. be married => is/are married, was/were married
(A) Are you married? (B) No, I’m not married. (C) My brother isn’t married either. (D) Was he married in California? (A) ¿Es usted casado? (B) No, no estoy casado. (C) Mi hermano no está casado tampoco. (D) ¿Estaba casado en California?
3. get married => got married, gotten married
(A) My grandfather got married in 1945. (B) My son wants to get married in June. (C) She’s getting married tonight. (A) Mi abuelo se casó en 1945. (B) Mi hijo quiere casarse en junio. (C) Se casa esta noche.
4. be engaged (have been engaged) =
(A) Your niece is engaged, isn’t she? (B) I’m engaged. (C) When I met her, she was engaged. (D) My sister has been engaged for two months. (E) How long have they been engaged? (A) Su sobrina se dedica, ¿verdad? (B) Estoy comprometida. (C) Cuando la conocí, ella estaba comprometida. (D) Mi hermana se ha dedicado durante dos meses. (E) ¿Cuánto tiempo han estado comprometidos? .
5. want to => wanted to, wanting to, wants to
(A) My son wants to get married in June. (B) Does she want to get married this year? (C) I wanted to have breakfast at 6 o’clock this morning. (D) We want to go home now. (A) Mi hijo quiere casarse en junio. (B) ¿Ella quiere casarse este año? (C) Yo quería tener el desayuno a las 6 de la mañana. (D) Queremos ir a casa ahora.
6. die => died, dying, dies
(A) Her husband died last year. (B) Did his cousin die last July? (C) His grandfather died in California. (A) Su marido murió el año pasado. (B) ¿Se murió su primo en julio pasado? (C) Su abuelo murió en California.
Word/Phrase Substitution Drills
1a My cousin is still single.
1b My cousin is a bachelor.
1c My cousin is an only child.
2a Your niece is engaged, isn’t she?
2b Your niece is married, isn’t she?
3a My sister has been engaged for two months.
3b My sister has been married for two months.
4a My grandfather got married in 1945.
4b My grandmother got married in 1945.
4c My grandson got married in 1945.
4d My granddaughter got married in 1945.
5a How long have they been married?
5b Approximately how long have they been married?
5c How many years have they been married?
5d Exactly how many years have they been married?
6a I’m single, and my cousin is still single.
6b I’m single, and my uncle is still single.
6c I’m single, and my nephew is still single.
6d I’m single, and my brother is still single.
7a Is your niece married?
7b Is your aunt married?
7c Is your cousin married?
7d Is your sister married?
8a When did your cousin get married? Was it last year?
8b When did your uncle get married? Was it last year?
8c When did your aunt get married? Was it last year?
8d When did your friend get married? Was it last year?
9a Who did George marry?
9b Who did you marry?
9c Who did she marry?
9d Who did your cousin marry?
9e Who did Mr. Cooper marry?
10a Do Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have children?
10b Do Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have any children?
10c Do Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have several children?
10d Do Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have a child?
11a They had a baby last month, didn’t they?
11b They had a child last month, didn’t they?
11c They had another child last month, didn’t they?
12a My son wants to get married in June.
12b My daughter wants to get married in June.
12c His brother wants to get married in June.
12d Our grandchild wants to get married in June.
12e Their cousin wants to get married in June.
13a Their grandchildren are grown up now, aren’t they?
13b Their grandchildren are married now, aren’t they?
13c Their grandchildren are engaged now, aren’t they?
14a She’s a widow. Her husband died last year.
14b She’s a widow. Her husband passed away last year.
15a I’m not married.
15b He’s not married.
15c She’s not married.
15d They’re not married.
16a They don’t know when the wedding will be.
16b They don’t know when the wedding is going to be.
16c They don’t know when the wedding is supposed to be.
16d They don’t know when the wedding will take place.
17a They’ve been married for quite a few years.
17b They’ve been married for many years.
17c They’ve been married for quite a long time.
17d They’ve been married for years and years.
18a When is your grandparents’ wedding anniversary?
18b When is your parents’ wedding anniversary?
18c When is your friends’ wedding anniversary?
18d When is your brother’s wedding anniversary?
Talking About Family and Relatives
A golden wedding anniversary is a celebration of fifty years of marriage. Usually there is a big party for all the friends and relatives of the married couple. Just think what a lot of people this can be! Un aniversario de boda de oro es una celebración de los cincuenta años de matrimonio. Por lo general hay una gran fiesta para todos los amigos y parientes de la pareja casada. Basta pensar lo que mucha gente esto puede ser!
There are sons and daughters, nieces and nephews, brothers and sisters, cousins, grandchildren–even great-grandchildren. Of course many old friends come, too. Hay hijos e hijas, sobrinas y sobrinos, hermanos y hermanas, primos, nietos – incluso bisnietos. Por supuesto, muchos viejos amigos vienen, también.
Frequently, members of the family from different towns don’t see each other very often. They are glad to come to an anniversary party. Con frecuencia, los miembros de la familia de los diferentes pueblos no ven entre sí muy a menudo. Ellos están contentos de venir a una fiesta de aniversario.
But it can be a time of confusion for the children. It’s hard for them to remember the names of all their relatives. Pero puede ser un momento de confusión para los niños. Es difícil para ellos para recordar los nombres de todos sus familiares.
“Albert,” one mother will say, “this is your cousin George. He’s really your second cousin because he’s Dorothy’s son. Dorothy is my first cousin. Her mother is Aunt Helen, my father’s sister.” “Albert”, una madre le dice: “esta es su primo George. Él es realmente su primo segundo, porque es el hijo de Dorothy. Dorothy es mi primo. Su madre es la tía Helen, la hermana de mi padre.”
At times there are stepsisters, half-brothers and nieces-in-law. There are “aunts” and “uncles” who aren’t relatives at all, but good friends of the family! A veces hay hermanastras, medios hermanos y sobrinas-en-ley. Hay “tías” y “tíos” que no son familiares a todos, pero los buenos amigos de la familia!
It can be very confusing, but everyone has a good time. Puede ser muy confuso, pero todo el mundo tiene un buen tiempo. !
1. What is a golden wedding anniversary?
2. Have you ever been to this kind of celebration?
3. What do we call the children of grandchildren?
4. Name four types of relatives.
5. How many cousins do you have? Do you know them all by name?
JEAN: I just got a letter from Aunt Caroline. You remember her, don’t you, David? My great-aunt. Grandma Allen’s sister. DAVID: Yes, I remember. She’s the one who has been married twice. Her first husband died, didn’t he? JEAN: That’s right. And she has children from each marriage. Uncle Jim, her second husband, was married before, too. He has four children from his first marriage. He and Aunt Caroline have three. DAVID: Then they are all your cousins, aren’t they? JEAN: I call them all cousin. All of Aunt Caroline’s children are my second cousins, but Uncle Jim’s children from his first marriage are not relatives of mine. DAVID: What are they to each other? JEAN: Let’s see. Aunt Carolilne’s sons and daughters from her first marriage are Uncle Jim’s stepchildren. Aunt Caroline is his children’s stepmother. The children are stepbrothers and stepsisters. DAVID: I’ve never understood that. I thought they were half-brothers and half-sisters. JEAN: No. Half-brothers and half-sisters have the same mother or the same father. Aunt Caroline’s and Uncle Jim’s children are half-brothers and half-sisters to the other children. DAVID: It’s very confusing. But what does Aunt Caroline say in her letter? JEAN: They’re all coming to visit us next week. DAVID: What? I’ll never know who is who!
anniversary aniversario Our tenth wedding anniversary is coming up soon.
approximately aproximadamente Approximately how old is your grandfather?
baby bebé I remember her when she was a baby.
bachelor soltero My uncle has been a bachelor all his life.
engaged comprometido Are you engaged to be married?
grandchild, grandchildren nieto, nietos Do you have any grandchildren?
granddaughter nieta My granddaughter is about 5 years old now.
grandfather abuelo My grandfather passed away many years ago.
grandmother abuela My grandmother passed away before my grandfather did.
grandparent abuelo All of my grandparents have passed away already.
grandson nieto I don’t have any grandsons.
grown up crecido My nephews have grown up on southern California.
married casado None of my nephews are married yet.
nephew sobrino My nephews are in their late twenties now.
niece sobrina She is his niece.
single soltera My uncle is still single.
wedding boda Are you going to attend the wedding?
widow viuda Do you know the widow next door?
pass away, passed away
take place, took place, taken place
be supposed to
Supplementary Word List
(Conversation and Reading Practice)
because porque Because we lived apart from one another, we knew little.
call llamar What do I call her? My step-sister?
celebration celebración The celebration was wonderful.
confusing confundiendo Family get-togethers can be confusing at times.
confusion confusión This is some confusion as to who is who.
golden dorado Thier golden anniversary was celebrated in California.
great-aunt tía abuela My great-aunt Sophie was born in Germany.
great-grandchildren bisnietos He never lived long enough to have great-grandchildren.
half-brothers hermanastros Cain was looking for his half-brother.
half-sisters hermanastras She has a half-sister.
marriage matrimonio Do you remember your marriage?
members miembros How many family members do you have?
nieces-in-law sobrinas-en-ley I don’t have any nieces-in-law at all.
stepbrothers hermanastros My stepbrothers are from Nevada.
stepchildren hijastros Do you have any stepchildren?
stepmother madrastra My stepmother is from Texas.
stepsisters hermanastras I have stepsisters from California.