Module 3, Unit 7

“Talking About the Weather”

Base Sentences – (391-405)

391 How is the weather today?

391 ¿Qué tiempo hace hoy?

392 The weather is nice today.

392 El clima es agradable hoy.

393 What was the weather like yesterday?

393 ¿Cuál era el clima como el de ayer?

394 Yesterday, It rained all day.

394 Ayer llovió todo el día.

395 What will the weather be like tomorrow?

395 ¿Qué tiempo hará mañana?

396 It’s going to snow tomorrow.

396 Va a nevar mañana.

397 It’s quite cold today.

397 Es muy frío hoy.

398 It’s been cloudy all morning.

398 Ha pasado toda la mañana nublado.

399 Is it raining now?

399 ¿Está lloviendo ahora? .

400 It’ll probably clear up this afternoon.

400 Probablemente va a aclarar esta tarde.

401 The days are getting hotter.

401 Los días son cada vez más caliente.

402 Today is the first day of spring.

402 Hoy es el primer día de la primavera.

403 What’s the temperature today?

403 ¿Cuál es la temperatura de hoy?

404 It’s about seventy degrees Fahrenheit this afternoon.

404 Está a unos setenta grados Fahrenheit esta tarde.

405 There’s a cool breeze this evening.

405 Hay una brisa fresca esta noche.

Verb Study

1. rain => rained, raining, rains

(A) Yesterday it rained all day. (B) Is it raining now? (C) Do you think it will rain tomorrow? (D) How hard did it rain last night? (A) Ayer llovió todo el día. (B) ¿Está lloviendo ahora? (C) ¿Crees que va a llover mañana? (D) ¿Qué tan difícil llovió anoche?

2. snow => snowed, snowing, snows

(A) It’s going to snow tomorrow. (B) It snowed all day yesterday, didn’t it? (C) Is it snowing now? (A) Se va a nevar mañana. (B) nevó todo el día de ayer, y no lo hizo? (C) ¿Está nevando ahora?

3. clear up => cleared up, clearing up, clears up

(A) It’ll probably clear up this afternoon. (B) It cleared up at about 3 o’clock yesterday afternoon. (C) It clears up every day before 12 o’clock noon. (D) It’s clearing up now, isn’t it? (E) Has it cleared up yet? (A) Es probablemente aclarar esta tarde. (B) Se aclaró a las 3 de la tarde de ayer. (C) Se aclara todos los días antes de las 12 del mediodía. (D) Es el esclarecimiento de ahora, ¿no es así? (E) ¿Ha aclarado todavía?

4. get (hotter), be getting (hotter) => got hotter, gotten hotter

(A) The days are getting hotter. (B) The days get hotter every week. (C) Are the days getting much hotter? (D) The days have gotten hotter, haven’t they? (A) Los días son cada vez más caliente. (B) Los días se hacen más caliente cada semana. (C) son los días cada vez más calor? (D) Los días se han vuelto más caliente, ¿no es así?

5. have been => has been, had been

(A) It’s been cloudy all morning. (B) Has it been cloudy all morning? (C) I have been very well, thank you. (D) Has she ever been in California? (A) Ha sido nublado durante toda la mañana. (B), se ha despejado toda la mañana? (C) He estado muy bien, gracias. (D) ¿Ha estado alguna vez en California?

6. be like => is/are like, was/were like

(A) What will the weather be like tomorrow? (B) What was it like yesterday? (C) The weather is nice today–It’s just like a spring day. (D) What is the weather like in Florida? (A) ¿Qué tiempo hará mañana? (B) ¿Cómo fue ayer? (C) El clima es agradable hoy – Es como un día de primavera. (D) ¿Cuál es el clima en la Florida?

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a How is the weather today in California?

1b How is the weather today in New York?

1c How is the weather today in Florida?

2a The weather is nice today.

2b The weather is fine today.

2c The weather is beautiful today.

2d The weather is perfect today.

3a What was the weather like yesterday? Was it nice?

3b What was the weather like yesterday? Was it sunny?

3c What was the weather like yesterday? Was it stormy?

3d What was the weather like yesterday? Was it cloudy?

4a Yesterday it rained all day.

4b Yesterday it snowed all day.

5a The weather was nice last week.

5b The weather was terrible last week.

5c The weather was awful last week.

5d The weather was miserable last week.

6a What will the weather be like tomorrow?

6b What will the weather be like the day after tomorrow?

6c What will the weather be like next Sunday?

7a It’s going to snow tomorrow.

7b It’s going to rain tomorrow.

7c It’s going to sleet tomorrow.

7d It’s going to hail tomorrow.

7e It’s going to drizzle tomorrow.

8a It’s cold today. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

8b It’s hot today. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

8c It’s sunny today. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

8d It’s cloudy today. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

8e It’s windy today. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

8f It’s foggy today. What will the weather be like tomorrow?

9a It’s been cloudy all morning.

9b It’s been foggy all morning.

9c It’s been chilly all morning.

9d It’s been warm all morning.

10a How’s the weather? Is it raining now?

10b How’s the weather? Is it snowing now?

10c How’s the weather? Is it sleeting now?

10d How’s the weather? Is it hailing now?

10e How’s the weather? Is it drizzling now?

11a It’ll probably clear up this afternoon.

11b It’ll probably rain this afternoon.

11c It’ll probably snow this afternoon.

12a The days are getting hotter.

12b The days are getting colder.

12c The days are getting warmer.

12d The days are getting cooler.

12e The days are getting longer.

12f The days are getting shorter.

13a Today is the first day of spring.

13b Today is the first day of summer.

13c Today is the first day of winter.

13d Today is the first day of fall.

14a There’s a cool breeze this evening, isn’t there?

14b There’s a strong wind this evening, isn’t there?

14c There’s a gusty wind this evening, isn’t there?

15a It’s cold today. What’s the temperature?

15b It’s hot today. What’s the temperature?

15c It’s cool today. What’s the temperature?

15d It’s warm today. What’s the temperature?

15e It’s freezing today. What’s the temperature?

16a The temperature is about 70 degrees.

16b The temperature is about 70 degrees Fahrenheit.

16c The temperature is about 32 F..

16d The temperature is about zero degrees centigrade.

16e The temperature is about 3o C..

Reading Practice

As the American author, Mark Twain, once said, “Everybody talks about the weather, but nobody does anything about it.” Como el autor estadounidense, Mark Twain una vez dijo: “Todo el mundo habla del tiempo, pero nadie hace nada al respecto.”

It is true that everybody talks about the weather; it’s the most common subject of conversation there is. Es cierto que todo el mundo habla del clima, es el tema más común de conversación existe.

“Isn’t it a nice day?” “Do you think it will rain?” “I think it’s going to snow.” “No es un buen día?” “¿Crees que va a llover?” “Creo que va a nevar.”

These are common ways of starting a conversation. Many people think they can tell what the weather is going to be like. But they hardly ever agree with each other. Estas son las formas más comunes de iniciar una conversación. Muchas personas piensan que pueden decir lo que el tiempo va a ser así. Sin embargo, casi nunca están de acuerdo uno con el otro.

One man may say, “Do you see how cloudy it is in the east? It’s going to rain tomorrow.” Un hombre puede decir: “¿Ves lo nublado que está en el este? Va a llover mañana.”

Another man will say, “Yes, it’s cloudy in the east. We’re going to have fine weather tomorrow.” Otro hombre dirá: “Sí, está nublado en el este. Nosotros vamos a tener buen tiempo mañana.”

People often look for the weather they want. When a farmer needs water, he looks for something to tell him it’s going to rain; he won’t believe anything else. Las personas a menudo buscan el tiempo que quieran. Cuando un agricultor necesita agua, busca algo para decirle que va a llover, él no va a creer otra cosa.

When friends have a picnic, they are so sure the weather is going to clear up very quickly that they sit eating their lunch while it rains. Cuando los amigos tienen un día de campo, que son por lo que el tiempo va a aclarar rápidamente que se sientan comiendo su almuerzo mientras llueve.

Almost everyone listens to what the weatherman says. But he doesn’t always tell us what we want, and once in a while he makes a mistake. Still, he probably comes closer to being correct than anyone else. Casi todo el mundo escucha lo que dice el hombre del tiempo. Pero no siempre nos dicen lo que queremos, y de vez en cuando comete un error. Sin embargo, probablemente se acerca más a estar en lo correcto que nadie.

Questions:

1. What did Mark Twain say about the weather?

2. What is the most common subject of conversation?

3. Do people usually agree about the weather?

4. Do you believe that the weatherman usually gives us the correct weather news?

5. What is the weather going to be like tomorrow?

Conversation

1. Talking about the weather =

BOB: We’re having a picnic tomorrow. Why don’t you come with us?

LOUISE: I’d like to, but I think it’s going to rain. The weatherman says it is.

BOB: I don’t think he’s right. It hasn’t rained for a week and it isn’t cloudy today, either.

LOUISE: But he’s usually correct in his weather news.

BOB: The temperature is 80 degrees this afternoon.

I’m sure we’ll have fine weather for our picnic.

LOUISE: Well, I’ll go, but I’ll take my umbrella with me.

2. Winter weather =

DICK: Look! It’s snowing! Winter is here at last.

LARRY: It’s really cold today. I’m glad I have my overcoat on.

DICK: There’s ice on the lake, too. We’ll be able to go skating this weekend.

LARRY: Not if it’s too windy. Come on! I’m freezing.

DICK: You’ll just have to learn to like it.

The weather’s going to be like this for the next three months.

LARRY: Then I’m going to Florida!

Word List

awful

breeze

centigrade

chilly

cloudy

cool

degree

Fahrenheit Fahrenheit

fall

foggy

freezing

gusty

like

miserable

nice

perfect

spring

stormy

strong

summer

sunny

temperature

terrible

warm panas, hangat

wind angin

windy berangin

winter

zero null

Verb Forms

clear up, cleared up

drizzle, drizzled

hail, hailed

rain, rained

sleet, sleeted

snow, snowed

Measures

32 = thirty-two degrees

32 F. = thirty-two degrees Fahrenheit

0 C. = zero degrees centigrade

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

agree

author

common

conversation

ice

lake

nobody

picnic

skating

true

umbrella

weatherman