Module 3, Unit 8

“Talking About Sickness and Health”

Base Sentences – (406-420)

406 How are you feeling today?

406 ¿Cómo te sientes hoy?

407 I don’t feel very well this morning.

407 No me siento muy bien esta mañana.

408 I was sick yesterday, but I’m better today.

408 Yo estaba enferma ayer, pero estoy mejor hoy.

409 My fever is gone, but I still have a cough.

409 La fiebre se ha ido, pero todavía tengo una tos.

410 My brother has a bad headache.

410 Mi hermano tiene un fuerte dolor de cabeza.

411 Which of your arms is sore?

411 ¿Cuál de los brazos es dolor?

412 My right arm hurts. It hurts right here.

412 Mi brazo derecho me duele. Me duele aquí.

413 What’s the matter with you?

413 ¿Qué es lo que te pasa?

414 I’ve got a pain in my back.

414 Tengo un dolor en la espalda.

415 Which foot hurts? Is it the left one?

415 ¿Qué duele el pie? ¿Es el de la izquierda?

416 How did you break your leg?

416 ¿Cómo te rompes una pierna?

417 I slipped on the stairs and fell down. I broke my leg.

417 Me metí en la escalera y me caí. Me rompí la pierna.

418 Your right hand is swollen. Does it hurt?

418 Se hincha la mano derecha. ¿Te duele?

419 It’s bleeding. You’d better go see a doctor about that cut.

419 Está sangrando. Será mejor que vaya a ver a un médico sobre ese corte.

420 I hope you’ll be well soon.

420 Espero que usted estará bien pronto.

Verb Study

1. hurt => [hurt, hurt], hurting, hurts

(A) My right arm hurts. (B) Does your back hurt? (C) Yesterday my right arm was hurting. (D) My head hurt last night. (E) I hurt my hand. (F) How did you hurt your hand? (G) She hurt her leg yesterday. (A) Me duele el brazo derecho. (B) ¿Te duele la espalda? (C) Ayer mi brazo derecho estaba haciendo daño. (D) Me dolía la cabeza anoche. (E) Me lastimé la mano. (F) ¿Cómo te lastimaste la mano? (G) se lastimó la pierna ayer.

2. break => [broke, broken], breaking, breaks

(A) How did you break your leg? (B) I broke my leg yesterday afternoon. (C) He breaks his leg frequently. (D) I have never broken my leg. (E) Has she ever broken her arm? (A) ¿Cómo te rompes una pierna? (B) Me rompí la pierna ayer por la tarde. (C) Se rompe la pierna con frecuencia. (D) Nunca he roto la pierna. (E) ¿Se le ha roto el brazo?

3. slip => slipped, slipping, slips

(A) I slipped on the stairs. (B) Did you slip on the stairs this morning? (C) I won’t slip on the stairs. (A) Me metí en la escalera. (B) ¿Sabía usted se desliza en las escaleras esta mañana? (C) No voy a caer en la escalera.

4. fall down => fell down, fallen down

(A) I slipped on the stairs and fell down. (B) Did you fall down? (C) He often slips on the stairs and falls down. (D) I have slipped on the stairs and fallen down many times. (A) Me resbalé en las escaleras y me caí. (B) ¿Se cayó abajo? (C) A menudo se desliza en la escalera y cae. (D) He caído en la escalera y caído muchas veces.

5. hope, hope to => hoped, hoping, hopes; hoped to, hoping to, hopes to

(A) I hope you’ll be well soon. (B) He hopes you’ll be well soon. (C) I hope to go with you tomorrow. (D) He hoped to go with us today. (A) Espero que usted estará bien pronto. (B) Se espera que usted estará bien pronto. (C) espero ir contigo mañana. (D) Tenía la esperanza de ir con nosotros hoy.

6. be bleeding => is/are bleeding, was/were bleeding

(A) Your hand is bleeding. (B) My hand was bleeding last night. (C) His hand isn’t bleeding. (A) Tu mano está sangrando. (B) Mi mano estaba sangrando anoche. (C) La mano no está sangrando.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a How are you feeling today?

1b How are they feeling today?

1c How are Mr. and Mrs. Cooper feeling today?

1d How is John feeling today?

1e How is Mary feeling today?

2a I don’t feel very well this morning.

2b They don’t feel very well this morning.

2c He doesn’t feel very well this morning.

2d She doesn’t feel very well this morning.

3a I was sick yesterday, but I’m better today.

3b I was ill yesterday, but I’m better today.

4a My fever is gone, but I still have a cough.

4b My fever is gone, but I still have a sore throat.

4c My fever is gone, but I still have pains in my chest.

4d My fever is gone, but I still have a bad cold.

5a My brother has a bad headache.

5b My brother has a bad toothache.

5c My brother has a bad backache.

6a Which of your arms is sore?

6b Which of your hands is sore?

6c Which of your legs is sore?

6d Which of your feet is sore?

7a My right arm hurts. It hurts right here.

7b My right leg hurts. It hurts right here.

7c My right hand hurts. It hurts right here.

7d My right foot hurts. It hurts right here.

7e My right ear hurts. It hurts right here.

7f My right eye hurts. It hurts right here.

8a What’s the matter with you?

8b What’s the matter with him?

8c What’s the matter with her?

8d What’s the matter with them?

9a I’ve got a pain in my back.

9b I’ve got a slight pain in my back.

9c I’ve got a terrible pain in my back.

10a How did you break your leg.

10b How did you break your arm.

10c How did you break your wrist.

10d How did you break your ankle.

11a I slipped on the stairs and fell down. I broke my leg.

11b I slipped on the stairs and fell down. I broke my arm.

11c I slipped on the stairs and fell down. I broke my ankle.

11d I slipped on the stairs and fell down. I broke my wrist.

12a Your right hand is swollen. Does it hurt?

12b Your thumb is swollen. Does it hurt?

12c Your finger is swollen. Does it hurt?

12d Your toe is swollen. Does it hurt?

13a I’ve got a pain in my back.

13b I’ve got a pain in my neck.

13c I’ve got a pain in my stomach.

13d I’ve got a pain in my knee.

14a It’s bleeding. You’d better go see a doctor about that.

14b It’s bleeding. You better go see a doctor about that.

14c It’s bleeding. You ought to go see a doctor about that.

14d It’s bleeding. You should go see a doctor about that.

15a I don’t feel very well. My arm hurts .

15b I don’t feel very well. My arm aches .

16a My brother is very well.

16b My brother is very sick.

16c My brother is not well.

16d My brother is healthy.

17a I’m not feeling very well today. My head aches.

17b I’m not feeling very well today. My back aches.

17c I’m not feeling very well today. My left shoulder aches.

17d I’m not feeling very well today. My arm aches.

17e I’m not feeling very well today. My leg aches.

Reading Practice

Bobby Adams was very quiet as Dr. Smith examined him. The doctor looked at the boy’s throat, took his temperature and listened to his heart. Finally, he asked Bobby’s mother a few questions. “When did Bobby begin to feel ill?” Bobby Adams era muy tranquilo, ya que el Dr. Smith lo examinó. El médico miró la garganta del niño, tomó la temperatura y escuchó a su corazón. Por último, pidió a la madre de Bobby algunas preguntas. “¿Cuándo Bobby comienza a sentirse mal?”

“This morning when he got up. He said he felt too sick to go to school today.” “What did he eat for breakfast?” “He had orange juice, two pieces of buttered toast, dry cereal, and milk.” Esta mañana cuando se levantó. Dijo que se sentía demasiado enferma para ir a la escuela hoy.” “¿Qué es lo que come para el desayuno?” “Tenía el jugo de naranja, dos tostadas con mantequilla, cereales secos y leche.”

“I see.” The doctor asked Bobby, “How do you feel now, my boy?” Bobby answered, “Terrible. I think I’m going to die.” The doctor said, “You won’t die. In fact, you’ll be fine by dinner time.” “Ya veo.” El médico le preguntó Bobby, “¿Cómo te sientes ahora, hijo mío?” Bobby respondió: “Terrible. Creo que me voy a morir.” El doctor dijo: “Usted no va a morir. De hecho, se le multa por hora de la cena.”

“Oh, Doctor! Do you really think so?” Bobby’s mother looked very glad. Dr. Smith answered, “Mrs. Adams, your son has a sickness that is very common to boys at a time like this. It comes and goes very quickly.” Mrs. Adams said, “But I don’t understand.” “Oh, Doctor! ¿De verdad lo crees?” La madre de Bobby parecía muy contenta. El Dr. Smith respondió: “La señora Adams, su hijo tiene una enfermedad que es muy común en los niños en un momento como este. Viene y se va muy rápido.” Mrs. Adams dijo: “Pero yo no lo entiendo.”

“Today,” the doctor told her, “the most important baseball game of the year is on television. If Bobby feels well enough to watch television this afternoon, and I think he does, he will be fine when the game is finished.” “Hoy”, el médico le dijo: “el juego de béisbol más importante del año es en la televisión. Si Bobby se siente lo suficientemente bien como para ver la televisión por la tarde, y creo que no, él va a estar bien cuando el juego ha terminado.”

“It’s the only cure I know for this sickness. Now, if you’ll excuse me, I must go across the street to see the Morton’s boy, Alfred. He seems to have the same thing Bobby has today.” “Es la única solución que conozco para esta enfermedad. Ahora, si me disculpan, tengo que ir al otro lado de la calle para ver el hijo del Morton, Alfred. Parece tener el mismo Bobby tiene hoy en día.”

Questions:

1. How did Dr. Smith examine Bobby?

2. What had Bobby eaten for breakfast?

3. Did the doctor think Bobby would get well?

4. How did Bobby say he felt?

5. Have you ever had a sickness like Bobby Adams?

Conversation

1. Appointment with the doctor.

NURSE: The doctor will see you in a minute, Mr. Lewis. While you’re waiting, you can answer some questions. MR. LEWIS: But, nurse, you don’t understand. I only want to see the doctor about… NURSE: I know you want to see the doctor, Mr. Lewis. And you will in just a few minutes. But first I must ask you about your health. MR. LEWIS: I’m very healthy. NURSE: You are? Then why are you here? MR. LEWIS: I want to pay the doctor for my wife’s operation last month. NURSE: You do? Why didn’t you say so? Go right in!

2. A broken left arm

MOTHER: Billy! What’s the matter? Are you hurt? BILLY: I slipped on the stairs and fell down. I think my arm is broken. MOTHER: Oh! I hope not. Which arm is it? BILLY: The left one. It hurts right here. MOTHER: Let me see. I don’t think it’s broken but we’re going to see the doctor right now. BILLY: I’m glad it wasn’t my right arm. That’s the one I need for baseball.

Word List

ankle

arm

back

backache

bad

chest

cold

cough

cut

ear

eye

fever

finger

foot, feet

hand

head

headache

healthy

ill

knee

leg

neck

pain

shoulder

sick

slight

soon

sore

stomach

swollen

throat

thumb

toe

toothache

which of

wrist

Verb Forms

ache, ached

bleed, bled

break, broke, broken

fall down, fell down, fallen down

hurt, hurt, hurt

slip, slipped, slipped

Expression

be better

feel well

had better

have got, has got

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

baseball Baseball The American sport of baseball was borrowed from the British sport of Cricket.

common gemeinsam The common cold is worldwide.

cure gameheilen Is there a natural cure for cancer?

enough genug Do you have enough money to pay the hospital bill?

examined geprüft The doctor examined him and found nothing wrong.

game Spiel Are you going to watch the basketball game on TV?

heart Herz His heart is still strong.

important wichtig It’s important to eat right to keep fit.

operation Betrieb Doctors like to perform operations

pay zahlen I have to pay the hospital bill.,

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