Module 4, Unit 1

“Making Plans”

Base Sentences – (451-465)

451 What do you plan to do tomorrow?

451 ¿Qué va a hacer mañana?

452 I doubt that I’ll do anything tomorrow.

452 Dudo que haré lo que sea mañana.

453 Please excuse me for a little while. I want to do something.

453 Le ruego me disculpe por un rato. Quiero hacer algo.

454 I imagine I’ll do some work instead of going to the movies.

454 Me imagino que voy a hacer un poco de trabajo en vez de ir al cine.

455 Will it be convenient for you to explain your plans to him?

455 Será conveniente para que usted explique sus planes con él?

456 There’s nothing to do because tomorrow is a holiday.

456 No hay nada que hacer, porque mañana es un día de fiesta.

457 What’s your brother planning to do tomorrow?

457 ¿Cuál es tu hermano planea hacer mañana?

458 He can’t decide what to do.

458 Él no puede decidir qué hacer.

459 It’s difficult to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

459 Es difícil tomar una decisión sin conocer todos los hechos.

460 We’re trying to plan our future.

460 Estamos tratando de planificar nuestro futuro.

461 That’s a good idea.

461 Esa es una buena idea.

462 I’m hoping to spend a few days in the mountains.

462 Espero pasar unos días en la montaña.

463 Would you consider going north this summer?

463 ¿Consideraría usted que va al norte este verano?

464 If there’s a chance you’ll go, I’d like to go with you.

464 Si hay una posibilidad de que te vayas, quiero ir contigo.

465 After you think it over, please let me know what you decide.

465 Después de pensar en ello, por favor, hágamelo saber lo que usted decida.

Verb Study

1. plan to, try to => planned to, planning to, plans to; tried to, trying to, tries to

(A) What do you plan to do tomorrow? (B) I’m not planning to go to the mountains. (C) She tries to speak French. (D) We’re trying to plan our future. (E) We tried to go with them. (A) ¿Qué va a hacer mañana? (B) No estoy planeando ir a las montañas. (C) Ella intenta hablar francés. (D) Estamos tratando de planificar nuestro futuro. (E) Intentamos ir con ellos.

2. decide, make a decision => decided, deciding, decides;

(A) He can’t decide what to do. (B) She always decides things without knowing all the facts. (C) It’s difficult to make a decision. (D) We made a decision yesterday. (A) No puede decidir qué hacer. (B) Siempre decide las cosas sin conocer todos los hechos. (C) Es difícil tomar una decisión. (D) Tomamos la decisión de ayer.

3. doubt =doubted, doubting, doubts 

(A) I doubt that I’ll do anything tomorrow. (B) She doubts that she’ll go with us. (C) They doubted that they would go with her. (A) No creo que haré lo que sea mañana. (B) Se pone en duda que ella va a ir con nosotros. (C) Ellos dudaban de que iban a ir con ella.

4. imagine => imagined, imagining, imagines 

(A) I imagine I’ll do some work. (B) She imagines she’ll go to the movies tomorrow. (C) I can’t imagine where my brother is. (A) me imagino que voy a hacer un poco de trabajo. (B) Se imagina que va a ir al cine mañana. (C) No me puedo imaginar dónde está mi hermano.

5. explain => explained, explaining, explains 

(A) Will it be convenient for you to explain your plans? (B) Did you explain your plans to him? (C) They’re explaining their plans to us now. (A) ¿Será conveniente para que usted explique sus planes? (B) ¿Se explicó sus planes para él? (C) Están explicando sus planes para nosotros.

6. spend => [spent, has/had spent], spending, spends

(A) I’m hoping to spend a few days in the mountains. (B) He spends each summer in the mountains. (C) I spent three days in the mountains. (A) Espero pasar unos días en la montaña. (B) Se pasa cada verano en las montañas. (C) Me pasé tres días en la montaña.

7. consider => considered, considering, considers

(A) Would you consider going north this summer? (B) She’s considering going north this summer. (C) They considered going with us. (A) ¿Consideraría hacia el norte este verano? (B) Se está pensando en ir al norte este verano. (C) A su juicio, va con nosotros.

8. let => [let, has/had let], letting, lets

(A) Please let me know what you decide. (B) We let them know yesterday. (C) She lets me know where she’s going every summer. (A) Por favor dígame lo que usted decida. (B) Se los mencionamos ayer. (C) Ella me permite saber dónde va cada verano.

*NOTE: She tells me… = She let’s me know…; Please tell me = Please let me know…

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a What do you plan to do tomorrow?

1b What do you propose to do tomorrow?

1c What do you intend to do tomorrow?

1d What do you expect to do tomorrow?

2a I doubt that I’ll do anything tomorrow.

2b I doubt that I’ll go anyplace tomorrow.

2c I doubt that I’ll go anywhere tomorrow.

2d I doubt that I’ll see anybody tomorrow.

2e I doubt that I’ll see anyone tomorrow.

3a Please excuse me. I want to do something.

3b Please excuse me. I want to go someplace.

3c Please excuse me. I want to see somebody.

3d Please excuse me. I want to see someone.

4a I imagine I’ll do some work instead of going to the movies.

4b I imagine I’ll get some sleep instead of going to the movies.

4c I imagine I’ll entertain some friends instead of going to the movies.

4d I imagine I’ll visit some friends instead of going to the movies.

4e I imagine I’ll stay home instead of going to the movies.

4f I imagine I’ll watch television instead of going to the movies.

4g I imagine I’ll read a novel instead of going to the movies.

5a Will it be convenient for you to explain your plans?

5b Will it be possible for you to explain your plans?

5c Will it be important for you to explain your plans?

5d Will it be necessary for you to explain your plans?

5e Will it be essential for you to explain your plans?

6a There’s nothing to do because tomorrow is a holiday.

6b There’s no place to go because tomorrow is a holiday.

6c There’s nobody to see because tomorrow is a holiday.

6d There’s no one to see because tomorrow is a holiday.

7a What’s your brother planning to do tomorrow?

7b Where’s your brother planning to go tomorrow?

7c Who’s your brother planning to see tomorrow?

7d What time is your brother planning to leave tomorrow?

8a He can’t decide what to do.

8b He can’t decide where to go.

8c He can’t decide who to see.

8d He can’t decide what time to leave.

8e He can’t decide when to go.

9a It’s difficult to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

9b It’s hard to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

9c It’s easy to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

9d It’s impossible to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

9e It’s foolish to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

10a We’re trying to plan our future.

10b We’re attempting to plan our future.

10c We’re making an attempt to plan our future.

10d We’re trying our best to plan our future.

11a That’s a good idea.

11b That’s an excellent idea.

11c That’s a wonderful idea.

11d That’s a marvelous idea.

11e That’s a brilliant idea.

11f That’s a practical idea.

11g That’s not a good idea.

12a I’m hoping to spend a few days in the mountains.

12b I’m hoping to spend a few days at the seashore.

12c I’m hoping to spend a few days on the beach.

12d I’m hoping to spend a few days along the coast.

12e I’m hoping to spend a few days by the sea.

13a Would you consider going north this summer?

13b Would you consider going south this summer?

13c Would you consider going east this summer?

13d Would you consider going west this summer?

14a I wouldn’t consider going there this summer.

14b I wouldn’t consider going up north this summer.

14c I wouldn’t consider going down south this summer.

14d I wouldn’t consider going out west this summer.

14e I wouldn’t consider going back east this summer.

15a If there’s a chance you’ll go, I’d like to go with you.

15b If there’s a possibility you’ll go, I’d like to go with you.

16a After you think it over, please let me know your decision.

16b After you think about it, please let me know your decision.

16c After you give it some thought, please let me know your decision.

16d After you consider it, please let me know your decision.

16e After you talk it over, please let me know your decision.

16d After you talk about it, please let me know your decision.

17a I’ll go to bed early instead of watching television .

17b I’ll go to bed early instead of entertaining some friends .

17c I’ll go to bed early instead of doing some work.

17d I’ll go to bed early instead of reading a novel.

17e I’ll go to bed early instead of going to the movies.

18a I can’t make a decision without knowing the facts.

18b I can’t make a decision without thinking it over.

18c I can’t make a decision without talking it over.

18d I can’t make a decision without considering it.

Reading Practice

There’s a holiday next week and I can’t decide what to do. I have a lot of work to do at home, and this would be a good chance to do it. But I’d rather not spend the holiday that way. I can work at home all the rest of the year. Hay una fiesta la semana que viene y no puedo decidir qué hacer. Tengo mucho trabajo que hacer en casa, y esta sería una buena oportunidad para hacerlo. Pero prefiero no pasar las vacaciones así. Yo puedo trabajar en casa todo el resto del año.

Last year I went north to the mountains. Everything was beautiful, but it is too cold this time of year. And it’s really too far to go for a short holiday. El año pasado fui al norte a las montañas. Todo era hermoso, pero hace demasiado frío en esta época del año. Y es realmente demasiado lejos para ir para unas cortas vacaciones.

I have decided that this is not a good time to go to the mountains. But I do want to go someplace. He decidido que este no es un buen momento para ir a las montañas. Pero yo no quiero ir a algún lugar.

Perhaps this would be a good chance to go to the beach. I like to go for walks along the seashore in the warm sunshine and watch the water. It’s only about eighty miles and I could get there in about two hours. Tal vez esta sería una buena oportunidad para ir a la playa. Me gusta ir para paseos por la orilla del mar bajo el cálido sol y ver el agua. Es sólo unos ochenta kilómetros y que podría llegar en unas dos horas.

After thinking it over, I’m sure that this is a better time for the seashore than the mountains. I guess I’ll plan to go to the beach next week. Después de pensarlo bien, estoy seguro de que este es el mejor momento para la costa de las montañas. Supongo que planeo ir a la playa la próxima semana.

Oh, here’s a letter from Jim. He says he is going to his house in the mountains for the holiday, and he wants me to go with him. Oh, aquí está una carta de Jim. Dice que va a su casa en las montañas para la fiesta, y él quiere que vaya con él.

After giving it some more thought, I guess it wasn’t really too cold last year, and perhaps it might rain at the seashore and then I wouldn’t enjoy it at all. Después de pensarlo un poco más de pensamiento, creo que en realidad no era demasiado fría del año pasado, y tal vez podría llover en la orilla del mar, y entonces yo no disfrutar de ella en absoluto.

The mountains are only 300 miles away. I think I’ll write Jim right now and tell him I’ll go with him. Las montañas están a sólo 300 kilómetros de distancia. Creo que voy a escribir Jim en este momento y le digo que voy a ir con él.

Questions

1. What did I do on my holiday last year?

2. Why did I decide not to go to the mountains?

3. What do I like about the seashore?

4. How far is it to the mountains? to the beach?

5. Which direction are the mountains?

6. How long does it take me to get to. the beach? How long do you think it will take me to get to the mountains?

7. Where would you rather go—to the mountains or to the seash

Conversation

Dialog 1

MARY: Jim, let’s start making plans for our vacation. JIM: But, Mary, I don’t get my vacation until July. That’s not for six months. MARY: And six months is not a very long time. Before you know it, July will be here and we won’t be prepared. JIM: Well, where do you want to go? MARY: I don’t know. Maybe we should go to a tourist agency and get some travel folders. JIM: That’s a good idea. I’ll get some in June.

Dialog 2

JERRY: What are your plans for the weekend, Hal? HAL: The office is having a holiday picnic at Long Lake. I’ve decided to go there. JERRY: That’s a wonderful idea. HAL: Why don’t you come with me? You know almost everyone in my office and we can bring our friends. JERRY: Thanks, Hal, but I’m going to Philadelphia for the weekend. HAL: That’s a long trip just for the weekend. JERRY: Yes, I know. But I’m getting married and I don’t want to miss my wedding.

Word List

along

I’m hoping to spend a few days along the coast.

anyplace

I doubt that I’ll go anyplace tomorrow.

anywhere

I doubt that I’ll go anywhere tomorrow.

beach

I’m hoping to spend a few days on the beach.

brilliant

That’s a brilliant idea.

chance

If there’s a chance you’ll go, I’d like to go with you.

coast

I’m hoping to spend a few days along the coast

convenient

Will it be convenient for you to explain your plan to him?

decision

It’s difficult to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

difficult

It’s difficult to make a decision without knowing all the facts

easy

It’s easy to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

essential

Will it be essential for you to explain your plans?

facts

It’s difficult to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

foolish

It’s foolish to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

future

We’re trying to plan our future.

important

Will it be important for you to explain your plans?

impossible

It’s impossible to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

instead of

I imagine I’ll do some work instead of going to the movies.

mountains

I’m hoping to spend a few days in the mountains.

necessary

Will it be necessary for you to explain your plans?

nobody

There’s nobody to see because tomorrow is a holiday.

no one

There’s no one to see because tomorrow is a holiday.

nothing

There’s nothing to do because tomorrow is a holiday.

novel

I imagine I’ll read a novel instead of going to the movies.

plan

possibility

If there’s a possibility you’ll go, I’d like to go with you.

possible

Will it be possible for you to explain your plans?

practical

That’s a practical idea.

sea

I’m hoping to spend a few days by the sea.

seashore

I’m hoping to spend a few days at the seashore.

someplace

Please excuse me. I want to go someplace.

without

It’s difficult to make a decision without knowing all the facts.

VERB FORMS

(past), (past participle)

attempt to, attempted to

consider, considered

decide, decided

doubt, doubted

entertain, entertained

expect to, expected to

explain, explained

imagine, imagined

intend to, intended to

plan to, planned to

propose to, proposed to

talk over, talked over membicarakan bersama

think over, thought over

Directions

east

north

south

west

back east

down south

out west

up north

Expressions

get some sleep

give it some thought

make an attempt to

make a decision

SUPPLEMENTARY WORD LIST

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

picnic

travel folders

tourist agency

vacation