Module 4, Unit 10

“Writing Letters”

Base Sentences – (586-600)

586 How long has it been since you’ve heard from your uncle?

586 ¿Cuánto tiempo ha pasado desde que usted ha oído hablar de su tío?

587 When was the last time he wrote you?

587 ¿Cuándo fue la última vez que te escribí?

588 I can’t recall how long it’s been.

588 No puedo recordar cuánto tiempo ha pasado.

589 I’m always disappointed when I don’t get any mail.

589 Siempre estoy decepcionado cuando no recibo ningún correo.

590 I feel guilty because I haven’t written her lately.

590 Me siento culpable porque no le he escrito últimamente.

591 What time is the mail delivered on Saturday?

591 ¿A qué hora es el correo entregado el sábado?

592 The postman always comes at 2 o’clock.

592 El cartero siempre tiene dos.

593 I wrote to my uncle last night. I couldn’t put it off any longer.

593 Le escribí a mi tío la noche anterior. Yo no podía posponerlo más.

594 I enclosed some photographs in my letter.

594 Encerraba algunas fotografías en mi carta.

595 I didn’t know whether to send the letter airmail or not.

595 Yo no sé si se debe enviar la carta por vía aérea o no.

596 How long does it take for a letter to get to California?

596 ¿Cuánto tiempo se necesita para que una carta para llegar a California?

597 Don’t forget to put stamps on the letter before you mail it.

597 No te olvides de poner sellos en la carta antes de enviarla.

598 He went to the post office to mail a letter.

598 Él fue a la oficina de correos para enviar una carta.

599 I dropped the letter in the mailbox on the corner.

599 Dejé caer la carta en el buzón de la esquina.

600 How did you sign the letter? Did you write, “Sincerely yours”?

600 ¿Cómo se firma la carta? ¿Escribiste, “Atentamente”?

Verb Study

1. hear (from) => [heard from, has/had heard from], hearing from, hears from

(A) Have you heard from your uncle? (B) She hears from her father every week. (C) Do you hear from your friend in South America? (A) ¿Has oído hablar de su tío? (B) Se oye a su padre cada semana. (C) ¿Oyes a tu amiga en América del Sur?

2. recall => recalled, recalling, recalls

(A) I can’t recall how long it’s been. (B) When she goes shopping, she never recalls how much things cost. (C) I recalled a few words of French. (A) No puedo recordar cuánto tiempo ha pasado. (B) Cuando va de compras, ella nunca recuerda cuánto cuestan las cosas. (C) recordé unas palabras de francés.

3. deliver, be delivered => delivered, delivering, delivers; is/are delivered, was/were delivered

(A) What time is the mail delivered on Saturday? (B) The postman always delivers the mail at noon. (C) Yesterday he delivered the mail two hours early. (D) The mail was delivered late this morning. (A) ¿A qué hora es el correo entregado el sábado? (B) El cartero siempre entrega el correo al mediodía. (C) Ayer se entregó el correo dos horas antes. (D) El correo fue entregado tarde esta mañana.

4. put off => [put off, put off], putting off, puts off

(A) I couldn’t put it off any longer. (B) She always puts off everything. (C) I put off my appointment until tomorrow. (A) que no podía posponerlo más. (B) Siempre se pone fuera de todo. (C) Puse mi nombramiento hasta mañana.

5. enclose => enclosed, enclosing, enclosed

(A) I enclosed some photographs in my letter. (B) She never encloses photographs in her letters. (C) Are you going to enclose something in the letter? (A) encerraba algunas fotos en mi carta. (B) Nunca encierra fotografías en sus cartas. (C) ¿Se va a incluir algo en la carta?

6. send, mail => [sent, sent], sending, sends; mailed, mailing, mails

(A) I don’t know whether to send the letter airmail or not. (B) She sends all her letters by airmail. (C) He sent a letter to his uncle last week. (D) Don’t forget to put stamps on the letter before you mail it. (E) She mails her letters in the mailbox on the corner. (A) No sé si se debe enviar la carta por vía aérea o no. (B) Se envía todas sus cartas por correo aéreo. (C) envió una carta a su tío la semana pasada. (D) No se olvide de poner sellos en la carta antes de enviarla. (E) Ella envía sus cartas en el buzón de la esquina.

7. drop => dropped, dropping, drops

(A) I dropped the letter in the mail box on the corner. (B) She drops letters in the mailbox on the corner. (C) Did you drop your wallet? (A) se me cayó la carta en el buzón de la esquina. (B) Se deja caer las cartas en el buzón de la esquina. (C) ¿Renunció a su cartera?

8. sign => signed, signing, signs

(A) How did you sign the letter? (B) She always signs her letters, “Sincerely yours.” (C) I’m signing the letter now. I’ll mail it later. (A) ¿Cómo se firma la carta? (B) Ella siempre firma sus cartas, “Atentamente”. (C) Me voy a firmar la carta ahora. Yo enviaré por correo después.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a How long has it been since you’ve heard from your uncle?

1b How long has it been since you’ve had a letter from your uncle?

1c How long has it been since you’ve gotten a letter from your uncle?

1d How long has it been since you’ve received a letter from your uncle?

2a When was the last time he wrote to you?

2b When was the last time you wrote (to) him?

2c When was the last time she wrote (to) them?

2d When was the last time we wrote (to) her?

2e When was the last time they wrote (to) us?

3a I can’t recall how long it’s been.

3b I can’t recall how often he’s written.

3c I can’t recall how many letters I’ve had from him.

3d I can’t recall when he wrote.

3e I can’t recall where he wrote from.

4a I’m always disappointed when I don’t get any mail.

4b I’m always upset when I don’t get any mail.

4c I’m always angry when I don’t get any mail.

4d I’m always disturbed when I don’t get any mail.

4e I’m always sad when I don’t get any mail.

4f I’m always unhappy when I don’t get any mail.

5a I feel guilty because I haven’t written her lately.

5b I feel ashamed because I haven’t written her lately.

5c I feel terrible because I haven’t written her lately.

5d I feel strange because I haven’t written he rlately.

5e I feel funny because I haven’t written her lately.

6a What time is the mail delivered on Saturday.

6b What time is the mail left here on Saturday.

6c What time is the mail picked up on Saturday.

6d What time is the mail collected on Saturday.

7a The postman always comes at 2 o’clock.

7b The mailman always comes at 2 o’clock.

7c The letter carrier always comes at 2 o’clock.

7d The mail truck always comes at 2 o’clock.

8a I wrote to my uncle last night. I couldn’t put it off any longer.

8b I wrote to my uncle last night. I couldn’t delay it any longer.

8c I wrote to my uncle last night. I couldn’t postpone it any longer.

8d I wrote to my uncle last night. I couldn’t wait any longer.

9a I enclosed some photographs in my letter.

9b I enclosed some pictures in my letter.

9c I enclosed a check for $10.00 in my letter.

9d I enclosed a photograph of my sister in my letter.

10a I didn’t know whether to send the letter airmail.

10b I didn’t know whether to send the letter ordinary mail.

10c I didn’t know whether to send the letter boat mail.

10d I didn’t know whether to send the letter special delivery.

10e I didn’t know whether to send the letter registered.

11a How long does it take for a letter to get to California?

11b How long does it take for a post card to get to California?

11c How long does it take for a package to get to California?

11d How long does it take for a telegram to get to California?

12a Don’t forget to put stamps on the letter.

12b Don’t forget to write the address on the letter.

12c Don’t forget to put your return address on the letter.

12d Don’t forget to print “airmail” on the letter.

13a He went to the post office to mail a letter.

13b He went up to the post office to mail a letter.

13c He went down to the post office to mail a letter.

13d He went into the post office to mail a letter.

13e He went by the post office to mail a letter.

13f He went inside the post office to mail a letter.

14a I dropped the letter in the mailbox on the corner.

14b I put the letter in the mailbox on the corner.

14c I mailed the letter in the mailbox on the corner.

14d I deposited the letter in the mailbox on the corner.

14e I placed the letter in the mailbox on the corner.

15a How did you sign the letter? Did you write, “Sincerely yours”?

15b How did you end the letter? Did you write, “With all my love”?

15c How did you close the letter? Did you write, “Affectionately”?

15d How did you begin the letter? Did you write, “Dearest Helen”?

15e How did you start the letter? Did you write, “Dear Mr. Cooper”?

16a How did you mail the letter? Did you give it to the postman?

16b How did you mail the letter? Did you take it to the post office?

16c How did you mail the letter? Did you drop it in the mailbox?

17a Don’t forget to complete the address on the envelope.

17b Don’t forget to fill in the address on the envelope.

17c Don’t forget to write the address on the envelope.

17d Don’t forget to print the address on the envelope.

17e Don’t forget to put the address on the envelope.

18a Do you intend to enclose something in the envelope?

18b Do you plan to enclose something in the envelope?

18c Do you want to enclose something in the envelope?

18d Do you expect to enclose something in the envelope?

18e Do you have to enclose something in the envelope?

Reading Practice

Getting a Letter

I am a student at Washington University. I am very busy with my studies, but I always find time to write several letters every week. Soy un estudiante de la Universidad de Washington. Estoy muy ocupado con mis estudios, pero siempre encuentro tiempo para escribir varias cartas a la semana.

I like to receive mail, and you have to write letters if you want to hear from your friends. Me gustaría recibir correo, y usted tiene que escribir cartas si quieres saber de tus amigos.

I was quite disappointed this morning. The postman delivered the mail and I received five letters, a package, and two postcards. But I didn’t get the letter I was waiting for. Me quedé bastante decepcionado esta mañana. El cartero entrega el correo y recibí cinco cartas, un paquete, y dos tarjetas postales. Pero no he tenido la carta que estaba esperando.

Later in the day, the mailman delivered a special delivery letter. I was very happy to receive it, and I think you will understand why when I let you read the letter. This is the letter: Más adelante en el día, el cartero entregó una carta de entrega especial. Yo estaba muy feliz de recibir esto, y creo que se entiende por qué cuando dejo de leer la carta. Esta es la letra:

Dear Jim:

This is your first year at the university and the first time you have been away from home on your birthday. Este es su primer año en la universidad y la primera vez que ha estado fuera de casa en su cumpleaños.

Your mother and I miss you very much. We often talk about how quickly you have grown up. We know you’re very busy at the university, but we’re glad you are able to write to us so frequently. Su madre y te extraño mucho. A menudo hablamos de la rapidez con que ha crecido. Sabemos que estás muy ocupado en la universidad, pero estamos contentos de que usted es capaz de escribir a nosotros con tanta frecuencia.

Both your mother and I are fine, and your younger brothers are in good health, too. They asked me to wish you a happy birthday for them. Tanto tu madre y yo estamos bien, y sus hermanos menores se encuentran en buen estado de salud, también. Me pidieron desearle un feliz cumpleaños para ellos.

I am enclosing some money as a gift for your birthday. You can buy whatever you wish with it. Le adjunto un poco de dinero como un regalo para su cumpleaños. Puedes comprar lo que quieras con él.

Write to us whenever you can. We would enjoy seeing some photographs of you and the university. Escribir para nosotros cada vez que pueda. Nos gusta ver algunas fotografías suyas y de la universidad.

Love, Dad

Questions

1. What do I always find time to do?

2. Why was I disappointed today?

3. Who sent a special delivery to me?

4. What was enclosed in the letter?

5. Why did my father send me a gift?

6. What did he tell me to do with the money?

7. What would my parents enjoy seeing?

Conversation

Writing letters

Dialog 1

HELEN: What are you doing, Bill? Writing a letter? BILL: Yes, and it’s. not easy. My Aunt Mabel sent me a gift for my birthday. I can’t remember which gift was hers, but I want to thank her for it.. HELEN: That shouldn’t be so hard. Just say: “Dear Aunt Mabel, Thank you for the wonderful birthday gift. How could you possibly have known? It’s exactly what I wanted. I hope you’re in good health. Affectionately, Bill.” BILL: Thanks, Helen. That’s a clever idea. HELEN: When you have a bad memory, you have to be clever.

Dialog 2 (at the post office)

CLERK: May I help you? ED: Yes. I’d like to send this letter to my family in England. CLERK: Did you write your return address on the envelope? ED: Yes, I did. Ya. CLERK: How do you want to send it? ED: I guess I’ll send it airmail. CLERK: Does it have anything valuable inside? ED: Yes. I enclosed a check and some photographs. CLERK: Then you’d better send it by registered mail. ED: That’s a good idea. Will you take care of that for me? CLERK: I’m sorry, sir. You’ll have to take your letter to the next window.

Word List

affectionately

airmail

check

dear

dearest

funny

guilty

inside

lately

letter carrier

mail

mail box

mailman

ordinary

photographs

postcard

postman

registered

return address

special delivery

stamps

strange

telegram

time

trunk

unhappy

Verb Forms

collect, collected

delay, delayed

deliver, delivered

enclose, enclosed

hear (from), heard (from)

put off, put off, put off

recall, recalled, recalled

receive, received, received

send, sent, sent ส่ง

sign, signed, signed ลงเส้น

wait, waited, waited รอคอย

Expressions

be disappointed be disturbed clever

be upset memory

close a letter sell

feel ashamed valuable get mail

sincerely yours

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

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