Module 4, Unit 2

“Making Decisions”

Base Sentences – (466-480)

466 I’m anxious to know what your decision is.

466 Estoy ansioso por saber lo que su decisión es.

467 I’m confident you’ve made the right choice.

467 Estoy seguro de que usted ha hecho la elección correcta.

468 I want to persuade you to change your mind.

468 Quiero convencerte de cambiar de opinión.

469 Will you accept my advice?

469 ¿Aceptarás mi consejo?

470 What have you decided?

470 ¿Qué ha decidido?

471 I’ve definitely decided to go to California.

471 Definitivamente me he decidido a ir a California.

472 He didn’t want to say anything to influence my decision.

472 No quería decir nada para influir en mi decisión

473 She refuses to make up her mind.

473 Ella se niega a tomar una decisión.

474 I assume you’ve decided against buying a new car.

474 Supongo que ha decidido en contra de comprar un coche nuevo.

475 It took him a long time to make up his mind.

475 Le tomó mucho tiempo para tomar una decisión.

476 You can go whenever you wish.

476 Usted puede ir cuando quiera.

477 We’re willing to accept your plan.

477 Estamos dispuestos a aceptar su plan.

478 He knows it’s inconvenient, but he wants to go anyway.

478 Sabe que es un inconveniente, pero él quiere ir de todos modos.

479 According to Mr. Green, this is a complicated problem.

479 De acuerdo con Sr. Green, este es un problema complicado.

480 She insists that it doesn’t make any difference to her.

480 Ella insiste en que no hace ninguna diferencia para ella.

Verb Study

1. be anxious (to) => is/are anxious to, was/were anxious to

(A) I’m anxious to know what your decision is. (B) We were anxious to know what your decision was. (C) Are you anxious to go to California? (A) Estoy ansioso por saber lo que su decisión es. (B) Estábamos ansiosos por saber lo que era su decisión. (C) ¿Está usted ansioso por ir a California?

2. change (one’s) mind, make up (one’s) mind =

(A) She often changes her mind. (B) We changed our minds and decided not to go to California. (C) They’ve already made up their minds. (D) She makes up her mind, and then she changes her mind. (A) A menudo cambia de opinión. (B) Nos cambiamos de idea y decidimos no ir a California. (C) Ellos ya han hecho sus mentes. (D) Se toma una decisión, y luego cambia de opinión.

3. refuse to, be willing to => refused to, refusing to, refuses to

(A) They refuse to go to California. (B) He refused to go to the movies last night. (C) Are you willing to accept my plan? (D) She wasn’t willing to accept our decision. (A) Se niegan a ir a California. (B) Se negó a ir al cine anoche. (C) ¿Está usted dispuesto a aceptar mi plan? (D) No estaba dispuesto a aceptar la decisión.

4. persuade, influence => persuaded, persuading, persuades

(A) I want to persuade you to change your mind. (B) They persuaded us to buy a new car. (C) He didn’t want to say anything to influence my decision. (D) Bill influenced my decision. (A) Quiero convencerte de cambiar de opinión. (B) Nos convenció para comprar un coche nuevo. (C) El no quería decir nada para influir en mi decisión. (D) Bill influyó en mi decisión.

5. accept => accepted, accepting, accepts

(A) Will you accept my advice? (B) We accepted their advice in buying a new car. (C) I can’t accept your decision. (A) ¿Acepta mi consejo? (B) Se aceptaron su consejo en la compra de un coche nuevo. (C) No puedo aceptar su decisión.

6. say => [said, has/had said], saying, says

(A) He didn’t want to say anything to influence me. (B) She says that she plans to spend two days in the mountains. (C) Yesterday we said that we planned to buy a new car. (A) No quería decir nada para influir en mí. (B) Se dice que tiene planes de pasar dos días en la montaña. (C) Ayer decíamos que habíamos planeado para comprar un coche nuevo.

7. assume => assumed, assuming, assumes

(A) I assume you’ve decided against buying a new car. (B) She assumes we’re not going to California this year. (C) Why did you assume we were going to California? (A) Supongo que ha decidido en contra de comprar un coche nuevo. (B) Se supone que no vamos a California este año. (C) ¿Por qué asumes que íbamos a California?

8. insist (on) => insisted on, insisting on, insists on

(A) She insists that it doesn’t make any difference to her. (B) He insisted that it didn’t make any difference to him. (C) Why do your insist on going to the mountains? (D) They insisted on buying a new car. (A) Ella insiste en que no hace ninguna diferencia para ella. (B) El insistió en que no hace ninguna diferencia para él. (C) ¿Por qué tu insistes en ir a las montañas? (D) Se insistió en la compra de un coche nuevo.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a I’m anxious to know what your decision is.

1b I’m curious to know what your decision is.

1c I’m surprised to know what your decision is.

1d I’m astonished to know what your decision is.

2a I’m confident you’ve made the right choice.

2b I’m sure you’ve made the right choice.

2c I’m positive you’ve made the right choice.

2d I’m certain you’ve made the right choice.

2e I’m satisfied you’ve made the right choice.

3a I want to persuade you to change your mind.

3b I want to get you to change your mind.

3c I want to beg you to change your mind.

3d I want to urge you to change your mind.

3e I want to force you to change your mind.

4a Will you accept my advice?

4b Will you accept my decision?

4c Will you accept my judgement?

4d Will you accept my explanation?

4e Will you accept my sympathy?

5a What have you decided? Will you tell me?

5b What has she decided? Will you tell me?

5c What has he decided? Will you tell me?

6a I’ve definitely decided to go to California.

6b I’ve almost decided to go to California.

6c I’ve about decided to go to California.

6d I’ve halfway decided to go to California.

7a He didn’t want to say anything to influence my decision.

7b He didn’t want to say anything to affect my decision.

7c He didn’t want to say anything to complicate my decision.

8a She refuses to make up her mind.

8b She hates to make up her mind.

8c She doesn’t like to make up her mind.

8d She is afraid to make up her mind.

8e She doesn’t want to make up her mind.

9a I assume you’ve decided against buying a new car.

9b I assume you’ve decided against going to the movies.

9c I assume you’ve decided against getting married this year.

9d I assume you’ve decided against taking my advice.

10a It took him a long time to make up his mind.

10b It took her a long time to make up her mind.

10c It took you a long time to make up your mind.

10d It took me a long time to make up my mind.

10e It took us a long time to make up our minds.

10f It took you a long time to make up your minds.

10g It took them a long time to make up their minds.

11a You can go whenever you wish.

11b You can go wherever you wish.

11c You can go at whatever time you wish.

11d You can go on whatever day you wish.

12a We’re willing to accept your plan.

12b We’re willing to adopt your plan.

12c We’re willing to follow your plan.

12d We’re willing to agree to your plan.

12e We’re willing to approve your plan.

13a He knows it’s inconvenient, but he wants to go anyway.

13b He knows it’s expensive, but he wants to go anyway.

13c He knows it’s dangerous, but he wants to go anyway.

13d He knows it’s lonely, but he wants to go anyway.

14a According to Mr. Green, this is a complicated problem.

14b According to Mr. Green, this is a complicated issue.

14c According to Mr. Green, this is a complicated affair.

14d According to Mr. Green, this is a complicated situation.

15a She insists that it doesn’t make any difference to her.

15b She insists that it doesn’t matter to her.

15c She insists that it isn’t important to her.

15d She insists that it doesn’t mean anything to her.

15e She insists that it is all the same to her.

16a I assume you’ve decided against going to the movies.

16b I gather you’ve decided against going to the movies.

16c I conclude you’ve decided against going to the movies.

17a She insists that it doesn’t make any difference.

17b She keeps saying that it doesn’t make any difference.

17c She tells everybody that it doesn’t make any difference.

17d She agrees that it doesn’t make any difference.

18a She decided against studying all afternoon.

18b She insisted on studying all afternoon.

18c She kept studying all afternoon.

18d She considered studying all afternoon.

19a He won’t accept your decision.

19b He can’t accept your decision.

19c He doesn’t have to accept your decision.

19d He isn’t willing to accept your decision.

20a This problem is complicated.

20b This problem is interesting.

20c This problem is difficult.

21a You’ve made the right choice.

21b You’ve made the best decision.

Reading Practice

It takes me a long time to make up my mind about something. I don’t decide things quickly. Some people think this is good and some people think it is bad. I don’t know. Me toma mucho tiempo para decidirme por algo. Yo no decido las cosas rápidamente. Algunas personas piensan que esto es bueno y algunas personas piensan que es malo. No se.

I know some people who make up their minds right away. It doesn’t matter how complicated the problem is. In two minutes they say that they have considered everything and that they are positive they have made a good decision. I’m surprised that they can be so confident. Sé que algunas personas que conforman su mente de inmediato. No importa lo complicado que es el problema. En dos minutos que dicen que han considerado todo y que son positivos que han hecho una buena decisión. Me sorprende que puedan estar tan seguro.

I can understand it if the problem isn’t difficult or complicated. But some issues are extremely hard to decide. Before I make a decision, I try to get all the facts I can. Puedo entender que si el problema no es difícil ni complicado. Sin embargo, algunos problemas son muy difíciles de decidir. Antes de tomar una decisión, trato de obtener todos los datos que pueda.

I read the newspapers, I talk to people, I read books, and I try to think of everything that might be important. Sometimes my friends try to influence me. I listen to their advice, but I make my own decisions. Leo los periódicos, hablo con la gente, leo libros, y yo trato de pensar en todo lo que sea importante. A veces mis amigos tratan de influir en mí. Escucho sus consejos, pero yo tomo mis propias decisiones.

Sometimes it takes me a long time to make up my mind, but I don’t often have to change it. Other people I know are changing their minds all the time. They are afraid to make a decision about anything. A veces me toma mucho tiempo para decidirme, pero no a menudo tienen que cambiar. Otras personas que conozco están cambiando sus mentes todo el tiempo. Tienen miedo de tomar una decisión sobre cualquier cosa.

Questions

1. What do I do before I make a decision?

2. Does everybody do this? Do you?

3. Do I frequently change my mind?

4. Do you have to change .your mind very often?.

5. Do your friends try to influence you?

6. Do you think it is a good idea to make decisions quickly?

7. How long should it take to make a decision on a problem?

Conversation

Dialog I

ROBERT: I can’t make up my mind which car to buy, Jeff. Help me decide. JEFF: Personally I like that green one, but I think you prefer the black car. ROBERT: You’re right. I like it very much. But the blue one is beautiful, too. JEFF: Yes, but it’s more expensive. I don’t want to influence you. You’ll have to make up your own mind. ROBERT: Every automobile here is nice. I don’t know what to do. JEFF: Well, you’ll have to make a decision. ROBERT: Buying a toy car for my son is almost as difficult as buying a new family car.

Dialog 2

PHYLLIS: What’s the matter, Anne? Do you have a problem? ANNE: Yes. I have a chance to get another job and I don’t know what to do. PHYLLIS: If it’s a better job than you have now, take it. That’s my advice. ANNE: It isn’t as easy as that, Phyllis. I like the job I have now very much. The people in my office are very nice and my work is interesting. PHYLLIS: What about the salary? Would you get more money? That would influence me if I had to make a choice. ANNE: Yes, the salary is better. If I accept the job, I’ll get more money right away. What should I do? I have to let them know my decision today. PHYLLIS: You’ll just have to decide for yourself, Anne. I’ll be anxious to know what you do. I’d like to try to get that new job, if you decide not to take it.

Word List

according to

advice

affair

against

anxious

anyway

complicated

confident

curious

dangerous

definitely

expensive

explanation

halfway

inconvenient

issue

lonely

problem

satisfied

situation

sympathy

whatever

whenever

wherever

Verb Forms

(infinitive), (past & past participle)

accept, accepted

adopt, adopted

affect, affected

agree, agreed

approve, approved

assume, assumed

change, changed

complicate, complicated

follow, followed

force, forced

hate to, hated to

influence, influenced

insist, insisted

keep, kept

like to, liked to

mean, meant

persuade, persuaded

refuse (to), refused (to)

urge, urged

wish, wished

Expressions

be afraid

be astonished

be surprised

be willing (to)

change (one’s) mind

make a choice

make a difference

make up (one’s) mind

take time

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

job

money

salary

toy