Module 4, Unit 3
Base Sentences – (481-495)
481 Are you going to go anyplace this year?
481 ¿Vas a ir a cualquier lugar de este año?
482 If I have enough money, I’m going to take a trip abroad.
482 Si tengo suficiente dinero, voy a hacer un viaje en el extranjero.
483 How are you going? Are you going by boat?
483 ¿Cómo vas? ¿Va en bote?
484 It’s faster to go by plane than by boat.
484 Es más rápido que ir en avión que en barco.
485 What’s the quickest way to get there?
485 Cuál es la forma más rápida para llegar allí?
486 Altogether it will take ten days to make the trip.
486 En total tendrá diez días para hacer el viaje.
487 I hope you have a good time on your trip.
487 Espero que tengas un buen momento en su viaje.
488 I’m leaving tomorrow, but I haven’t packed my suitcases yet.
488 Me voy mañana, pero no he empacado mis maletas todavía.
489 I’m going by air. I like flying.
489 Voy en avión. Me gusta volar.
490 My brother took a trip to Mexico.
490 Mi hermano hizo un viaje a México.
491 It was a six-hour flight.
491 Fue un vuelo de seis horas.
492 How many passengers were on the train?
492 ¿Cuántos pasajeros estaban en el tren?
493 His friend was injured in an airplane crash.
493 Su amigo resultó herido en un accidente aéreo.
494 Would you like to go for a walk?
494 ¿Quieres ir a dar un paseo?
495 Let’s go out to the airport. The plane landed ten minutes ago. Let ‘s go.
495 Vamos a salir al aeropuerto. El avión aterrizó hace diez minutos. ¡Vamos!
1. going to => going to go, going to take, going to have, etc.
(A) Are you going to go anyplace this year? (B) I was going to go to California last year. (C) She’s going to speak French tonight. (D) I’m going to take a trip to Mexico. (A) ¿Vas a ir a cualquier lugar de este año? (B) que iba a ir a California el año pasado. (C) Ella va a hablar esta noche francesa. (D) que voy a hacer un viaje a México.
2. take a trip => [took a trip, has/had taken a trip], taking a trip, takes a trip
(A) I’m going to take a trip abroad. (B) She takes a trip to California every summer. (C) Last year they took a trip to the mountains. (D) Didn’t you take a trip by air to Mexico last year? (A) que voy a hacer un viaje en el extranjero. (B) Se toma un viaje a California cada verano. (C) El año pasado hicimos un viaje a las montañas. (D) ¿No toma un viaje por vía aérea a México el año pasado?
3. have (a good time) => [had a good time], having a good time, has a good time
(A) I hope you have a good time on your trip. (B) We’re having a good time. (C) She has a good time when she goes to the mountains. (D) We had a good time at the movies last night. (A) Espero que tengas un buen momento en su viaje. (B) Estamos teniendo un buen momento. (C) Ella tiene un buen tiempo cuando va a las montañas. (D) Nos lo pasamos muy bien en el cine anoche.
4. pack => packed, packing, packs
(A) I haven’t packed my suitcases yet. (B) She’s packing her suitcases now. (C) They packed their suitcases yesterday. (A) No he empacado mis maletas todavía. (B) Se está empacando sus maletas ahora. (C) Ellos empacaron sus maletas ayer.
5. injure, be injured => injured, injuring, injures; is/are injured, was/were injured
(A) His friend was injured in an airplane crash. (B) Please help me. I’m injured. (C) Are you injured? (D) I hope you didn’t injure yourself. (A) Su amigo resultó herido en un accidente aéreo. (B) Por favor, ayúdame. Estoy lesionado. (C) ¿Está herido? (D) Espero que no se hace una herida.
6. go (for a walk) => [went for a walk], going for a walk, goes for a walk
(A) Would you like to go for a walk? (B) He goes for a walk before dinner every night. (C) We went for a walk last night. (D) Are you going for a walk now? (A) ¿Quieres ir a dar un paseo? (B) Se va a dar un paseo antes de la cena cada noche. (C) Nos fuimos a dar un paseo ayer por la noche. (D) ¿Se va a dar un paseo ahora?
7. land => landed, landing, lands
(A) The plane landed ten minutes ago. (B) The plane will land in Mexico in the morning. (C) The airplane landed at the airport here at 10 o’clock last night. (D) The plane is landing now. (E) What time did the plane land? (A) El avión aterrizó hace diez minutos. (B) El avión aterrizará en México en la mañana. (C) El avión aterrizó en el aeropuerto de aquí a las 10 de la noche de ayer. (D) El avión está aterrizando ahora. (E) ¿A qué hora la tierra plana?
Word/Phrase Substitution Drills
1a Are you going to go anyplace this year?
1b Are you going to travel anyplace this year?
1c Are you going to make a trip anyplace this year?
1d Are you going to take a trip anyplace this year?
1e Are you going to go on a trip anyplace this year?
2a I’m going to take a trip abroad.
2b I’m going to take a trip through the United States.
2c I’m going to take a trip around the Mediterranean.
2d I’m going to take a trip to foreign countries.
2e I’m going to take a trip overseas.
3a How are you going? Are you going by boat?
3b How are you going? Are you going by ship?
3c How are you going? Are you going by plane?
3d How are you going? Are you going by train?
3e How are you going? Are you going by bus?
3f How are you going? Are you going by car?
3g How are you going? Are you going on horseback ?
4a It’s faster to go by plane than by boat.
4b It’s more comfortable to go by plane than by boat.
4c It’s more expensive to go by plane than by boat.
4d It’s safer to go by plane than by boat.
4e It’s cheaper to go by plane than by boat.
5a What’s the quickest way to get there?
5b What’s the safest way to get there?
5c What’s the cheapest way to get there?
5d What’s the easiest way to get there?
5e What’s the most comfortable way to get there?
5f What’s the best way to get there?
6a Altogether it will take ten days to make the trip.
6b Altogether it might take ten days to make the trip.
6c Altogether it should take ten days to make the trip.
6d Altogether it ought to take ten days to make the trip.
7a I hope you have a good time on your trip.
7b I hope you have an enjoyable time on your trip.
7c I hope you have a restful time on your trip.
7d I hope you have an exciting time on your trip.
7e I hope you have a nice time on your trip.
8a I’m leaving, but I haven’t packed my suitcase yet.
8b I’m leaving, but I haven’t found out how much the fare is yet.
8c I’m leaving, but I haven’t bought my ticket yet.
8d I’m leaving, but I haven’t said good-bye to anybody yet.
9a I’m going by air. I like flying.
9b I’m going by sea. I like going by ship.
9c I’m going by rail. I like riding the train.
9d I’m going by car. I like driving.
9e I’m going on foot. I like walking.
9f I’m going on horseback. I like horseback riding.
10a My brother took a trip to Mexico.
10b My brother flew to Mexico.
10c My brother drove to Mexico.
10d My brother rode the bus to Mexico.
10e My brother took a train to Mexico.
11a It was a six-hour flight.
11b It was a six-hour drive.
11c It was a six-hour bus ride.
11d It was a six-hour train ride.
11e It was a six-hour boat ride.
11f It was a six-hour bicycle ride.
12a How many passengers were on the train?
12b How many passengers were on the boat?
12c How many passengers were on the plane?
12d How many passengers were on the bus?
12e How many passengers were in the car?
13a His friend was injured in an airplane crash.
13b His friend was injured in a train wreck.
13c His friend was injured in an automobile accident.
13d His friend was injured in a collision .
14a Would you like to go for a walk?
14b Would you like to go for a ride?
14c Would you like to go for a short ride?
14d Would you like to go for a leisurely walk?
14e Would you like to go for a sight-seeing ride?
15a Let’s go out to the airport. The plane landed ten minutes ago.
15b Let’s go down to the railway station. The train arrived ten minutes ago.
15c Let’s go down to the pier. The ship docked ten minutes ago.
15d Let’s go over to the bus station. The bus pulled in ten minutes ago.
16a How many people were on the plane?
16b How many passengers were on the plane?
16c How many children were on the plane?
16d How many men were on the plane?
16e How many women were on the plane?
I’m taking my family abroad this year. My wife and I and our two children are all going. Me estoy tomando mi familia en el extranjero este año. Mi esposa y yo y nuestros dos hijos están yendo.
My older brother is a farmer. He’s never been overseas and he has decided to go with us. First he will go on horseback from his farm to the bus station. He’ll take a bus to our house. From here, we’ll all go together. We are going to go by train to New York, and then take a ship to Europe. Mi hermano mayor es un agricultor. Nunca ha estado en el extranjero y ha decidido ir con nosotros. Primero irá a caballo de la granja a la estación de autobuses. Él va a tomar un autobús a nuestra casa. A partir de aquí, iremos todos juntos. Vamos a ir en tren a Nueva York, y luego tomar un barco a Europa.
When we arrive in Europe, we’re going to rent a car and drive wherever we want to go. Then we’ll return the car. We are planning to fly home. It took, us a long time to decide where to go, but I think we have planned a very interesting trip. Cuando llegamos a Europa, vamos a alquilar un coche y conducir allí donde queremos ir. A continuación, vamos a regresar al coche. Estamos planeando volar a casa. Tomó, nosotros mucho tiempo para decidir a dónde ir, pero creo que hemos planeado un viaje muy interesante.
At first we wanted to fly because it would be faster and would give us more time for sight-seeing but my brother was very anxious to take a boat trip. The children will enjoy that, too. Al principio queríamos volar, ya que sería más rápido y nos daría más tiempo para hacer turismo, pero mi hermano estaba muy ansioso de tomar un viaje en barco. Los niños podrán disfrutar de eso.
We don’t know how many suitcases to take. We can take as many suitcases as we wish on the train and the ship. But when we travel by car and come home by plane, we will have a problem. We can only have forty-four pounds for each person on the plane, and that isn’t very much. No sabemos cuántas maletas para tomar. Podemos tomar tantas maletas como deseamos en el tren y el barco. Pero cuando viajamos en coche y volver a casa en avión, tendremos un problema. Sólo podemos tener cuarenta y cuatro libras por cada persona en el avión, y eso no es mucho.
My wife will decide what we should take with us. She can get a lot of things into each suitcase. She puts all the heavy things in the suitcase first, and then puts the lighter things in. She puts the square things in the corners and the round things in the middle. She packs very well. Mi esposa decidirá lo que debemos llevar con nosotros. Se puede obtener una gran cantidad de cosas en cada maleta. Ella pone todas las cosas pesadas en la maleta, y luego pone las cosas más ligeras pulg Ella pone las cosas cuadradas en las esquinas y las cosas redondas en el centro. Se embala muy bien.
My brother has no problem. He just carries one small suitcase wherever he goes, and always has everything he needs. Mi hermano no tiene ningún problema. Él sólo lleva una pequeña maleta donde quiera que va, y siempre tiene todo lo que necesita.
1. Where am I taking my family this year?
2. Who is going with us?
3. How many people are making the trip?
4. Why are we going to Europe by boat?
5. How are we coming back?
6. Which is faster, a plane or a boat?
7. How does my wife get a lot of things into each suitcase?
CAROL: It’s a beautiful evening, Rudy. Why don’t we drive out to the airport? RUDY: That’s a fine idea. I enjoy walking around the airport. CAROL: Let’s go down to the pier, too. We can watch the big ships dock. Some day I want to take a trip by boat. RUDY: I’d rather fly. It’s the quickest and most comfortable way to travel. CAROL: But traveling by ship is leisurely and more restful. RUDY: That may be right, but a trip by jet plane is exciting, and you have more time for sight-seeing after you arrive. CAROL: It’s difficult to make a decision. But here we are at the airport. RUDY: Look! There’s a jet plane landing right now. CAROL: It’s moving so fast. Do you think it’s going to crash? RUDY: No, it won’t crash. Watch how carefully the pilot brings the plane down. Traveling by jet is quite safe. CAROL: Good. Then we’ll take a jet plane instead of a boat on our trip. We can buy our tickets right here. RUDY: What are you talking about? What trip? We’re not going anyplace. We’re just t out for a drive, remember?
drive, drove, driven
find out, found out
fly, flew, flown
pull in, pulled in
ride, rode, ridden
have a good time
make a trip
take a trip
SUPPLEMENTARY WORD LIST
(Conversation and Reading Practice)