Module 4, Unit 4
Base Sentences – (496-510)
496 I’m going shopping because I need to buy some clothes.
496 Me voy de compras porque necesito comprar algo de ropa.
497 If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I bring it back later?
497 Si esta camisa no encaja, ¿puedo traerlo de vuelta más tarde?
498 What size shoes do you wear?
498 ¿Qué tamaño de los zapatos te pones?
499 That suit looks very good on you.
499 Ese traje se ve muy bien en ti.
500 This dress is made of silk, isn’t it?
500 Este vestido es de seda, ¿no es así?
501 I’d like to try on this sweater.
501 Me gustaría probar en este suéter.
502 I’m interested in buying a new car.
502 Estoy interesado en comprar un coche nuevo.
503 What’s the price of that electric iron?
503 ¿Cuál es el precio de esa plancha eléctrica?
504 How much is this rug?
504 ¿Cuánto cuesta esta alfombra?
505 Is this toothpaste on sale today?
505 ¿Es esta pasta de dientes a la venta hoy?
506 That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it costs too much.
506 Es una hermosa cartera de cuero, pero cuesta demasiado.
507 How much do I owe you?
507 ¿Cuánto le debo?
508 That will be eighteen dollars and seventy-five cents.
508 Será dieciocho dólares con setenta y cinco centavos.
509 Do you have change for a twenty-dollar bill?
509 ¿Tiene cambio para un billete de veinte dólares?
510 The clerk helped me find what I wanted.
510 El recepcionista me ayudó a encontrar lo que buscaba.
1. need to => needed to, needs to
(A) I need to buy some clothes. (B) She needs to buy a new dress. (C) We needed to know what the price of the electric iron was. (A) Tengo que comprar algo de ropa. (B) Se necesita comprar un vestido nuevo. (C) Necesitamos saber cuál es el precio de la plancha eléctrica era.
2. fit => [fit, fit], fits
(A) This shirt doesn’t fit me. (B) This dress fits me very well. (C) That suit fit me last year. (D) Will this pair of shoes fit you? (A) Esta camisa no me encaja. (B) Este vestido me queda muy bien. (C) Ese traje me queda del año pasado. (D) ¿Este par de zapatos que forma?
3. wear => [wore, worn], wearing, wears
(A) What size shoes do, you wear? (B) She wears silk dresses. (C) What are you wearing? (A) ¿Qué tamaño de los zapatos hacen, te pones? (B) Lleva vestidos de seda. (C) ¿Qué llevas puesto?
4. be made (of) => is/are made of, was/were made of
(A) This dress is made of silk, isn’t it? (B) Last year I had a dress that was made of silk. (C) I’m going to buy a wallet made of leather. (A) Este vestido es de seda, ¿no es así? (B) El año pasado tuve un vestido que estaba hecha de seda. (C) Me voy a comprar una cartera de cuero.
5. try on => tried on, trying on, tries on
(A) I’d like to try on this sweater. (B) I tried on a new suit yesterday. (C) She’s trying on the dress now. (D) Would you like to try it on? (A) que me gustaría probar en este suéter. (B) me probé un nuevo traje ayer. (C) Se está tratando en el vestido ahora. (D) ¿Quieres probar?
6. be interested (in) => is/are interested in, was/were interested in
(A) I’m interested in buying a new car. (B) She’s interested in buying a new sweater. (C) Are you interested in taking a trip to California? (A) Estoy interesada en la compra de un coche nuevo. (B) está interesada en la compra de un nuevo suéter. (C) ¿Está usted interesado en hacer un viaje a California?
7. cost => [cost, cost], costing, costs
(A) That leather wallet costs too much. (B) I bought a rug that cost forty dollars. (C) How much does this cost? (A) Que la carpeta de cuero cuesta demasiado. (B) Me compré una alfombra, que cuesta cuarenta dólares. (C) ¿Cuánto cuesta esto?
8. find => [found, found], finding, finds
(A) The clerk helped me find what I wanted. (B) I found this book yesterday. (C) Where did you find this beautiful leather wallet? (A) El empleado me ayudó a encontrar lo que buscaba. (B) encontré este libro ayer. (C) ¿Dónde encontraste esta hermosa billetera de cuero?
Word/Phrase Substitution Drills
1a I’m going shopping because I need to buy some clothes .
1b I’m going shopping because I need to buy some groceries .
1c I’m going shopping because I need to buy some toilet articles .
1d I’m going shopping because I need to buy some school supplies .
1e I’m going shopping because I need to buy some furniture .
1f I’m going shopping because I need to buy some gifts .
2a If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I bring it back later?
2b If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I exchange it later?
2c If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I return it later?
2d If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I give it back later?
2e If this shirt doesn’t fit, may I get a refund later?
3a What size shoes do you wear?
3b What size socks do you wear?
3c What size stockings do you wear?
3d What size suit do you wear?
3e What size dress do you wear?
3f What size hat do you wear?
3g What size belt do you wear?
4a That suit looks very good on you.
4b That suit looks too big on you.
4c That suit looks too small on you.
4d That suit looks just right on you.
5a This dress is made of silk , isn’t it?
5b This dress is made of wool , isn’t it?
5c This dress is made of cotton , isn’t it?
5d This dress is made of nylon , isn’t it?
6a I’d like to try on this sweater .
6b I’d like to try on this pair of shoes .
6c I’d like to try on this pair of pants .
6d I’d like to try on this overcoat .
6e I’d like to try on this raincoat .
7a I’m interested in buying a new car .
7b I’m interested in buying a used car .
7c I’m interested in buying an old car .
7d I’m interested in buying a secondhand car .
7e I’m interested in buying a station wagon .
7f I’m interested in buying a convertible .
7g I’m interested in buying a four-door sedan .
8a What’s the price of that electric iron ? Do you know?
8b What’s the price of that box of crackers ? Do you know?
8c What’s the price of that can of tomato juice ? Do you know?
8d What’s the price of that jar of pickles ? Do you know?
8e What’s the price of that sack of potatoes ? Do you know?
8f What’s the price of that tube of shaving cream ? Do you know?
9a How much is this rug ? Do you know the price?
9b How much is this material per yard ? Do you know the price?
9c How much is this carpet per square yard ? Do you know the price?
9d How much is this land per acre ? Do you know the price?
9e How much is this gasoline per gallon ? Do you know the price?
9f How much is this meat per pound ? Do you know the price?
10a Is this toothpaste on sale today?
10b Is this shaving cream on sale today?
10c Is this soap on sale today?
10d Is this hair oil on sale today?
10e Is this article on sale today?
10f Is this merchandise on sale today?
11a That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it costs too much .
11b That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it’s too expensive .
11c That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but I can’t afford to pay that much .
11d That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but the price is too high .
11e That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it’s not of very good quality .
11f That’s a beautiful leather wallet, but it’s cheaply made .
12a How much do I owe you ?
12b How much do you want ?
12c How much does that come to ?
12d How much does that add up to ?
12e How much are you going to charge me ?
13a That will be eighteen dollars and seventy-five cents .
13b That will be eighteen dollars even .
13c That will be exactly eighteen dollars .
13d That will be a total of eighteen dollars .
14a Do you have change for a one hundred-dollar bill?
14b Do you have change for a twenty-dollar bill?
14c Do you have change for a five-dollar bill?
14d Do you have change for a ten-dollar bill?
14e Do you have change for a fifty-dollar bill?
15a The clerk helped me find what I wanted.
15b The clerk helped me select what I wanted.
15c The clerk helped me pick out what I wanted.
16a The clerk helped me select what I wanted.
16b The saleslady helped me select what I wanted.
16c The salesman helped me select what I wanted.
16d The store manager helped me select what I wanted.
16e The waiter helped me select what I wanted.
16f The waitress helped me select what I wanted.
Bob and Don go to the same university. They both needed some new clothes for school and they decided to go shopping together in the new department store. Bob y Don ir a la misma universidad. Ambos necesitan algo de ropa nueva para la escuela y decidieron ir de compras en la nueva tienda por departamentos.
First, the two friends went to the men’s department to see the suits that were on sale. The salesman helped them find the right size and they each tried on several suits. En primer lugar, los dos amigos fueron al departamento de hombres para ver los trajes que estaban a la venta. El vendedor les ayudó a encontrar el tamaño adecuado y cada uno de ellos trató de varios trajes.
Bob found a light gray suit right away and he bought it. Don couldn’t make up his mind which one to buy, but he finally selected a blue suit. The boys also bought two pairs of pants, because they were not too expensive. Bob encontró un traje gris claro de inmediato y lo compró. Don no podía decidirse cuál comprar, pero finalmente seleccionado un traje azul. Los chicos también han comprado dos pares de pantalones, porque no eran demasiado caros.
Next, they went to the shoe department. The clerk measured their feet and brought each of them several pairs of shoes to try on. It didn’t take them very long to get their shoes. They didn’t really need socks, but these were on sale, too, and they decided to buy several pairs. A continuación, se dirigieron a la sección de calzado. El secretario medido sus pies y trajo cada uno de ellos varios pares de zapatos para probar. No pasó mucho tiempo para ellos tener en sus zapatos. Ellos en realidad no necesitaban medias, pero éstas estaban a la venta, también, y decidieron comprar varios pares.
Don had to get some shirts and Bob wanted to get a sweater. While Don went to the shirt department, Bob went to buy his sweater. It only took Don a few minutes to select his shirts, and then he went to the sweater department to meet his friend. Don tenía que conseguir algunas camisas y Bob quería un suéter. Mientras Don fue al departamento de camisa, Bob fue a comprar su suéter. Sólo tomó Don unos minutos para seleccionar sus camisas, y luego se dirigió al departamento de suéter para encontrarse con su amigo.
Bob tried on every sweater in his size, but none of them looked good on him. The salesman said that he would have some more sweaters in a few days, and Bob said he would come back then. Bob intentó en cada suéter en su tamaño, pero ninguna de ellas se veía bien en él. El vendedor le dijo que iba a tener un poco de más suéteres en unos días, y Bob dijo que vendría en ese entonces.
The boys intended to go to the movies before going home. But after they paid for all their new clothes, they had only enough money to ride home on the bus. Los chicos la intención de ir al cine antes de ir a casa. Pero después de que pagó por todas sus ropas nuevas, que sólo tenía suficiente dinero para viajar a casa en el autobús.
1. Why did Bob and Don need new clothes?
2. What did the salesman do?
3. Why did they buy two pairs of pants?
4. What else did Bob and Don buy?
5. Why didn’t Bob buy a sweater?
6. What did the boys want to do before going home?
7. How much money did they have after they paid for all the clothes?
SANDRA: Let’s go into this shoe store, Olive. I need some shoes to match my new dress. OLIVE: That’s a good idea. I’m so tired from shopping that I’ll be glad to sit down, but I don’t need any shoes. SALESMAN: Good afternoon ladies. May I help you? SANDRA: I hope so. I’m interested in seeing a pair of shoes to match my new red dress. SALESMAN: Do you want high heels or low heels? SANDRA: Low heels are more comfortable, but I think I should wear high heels with that dress. SALESMAN: Let me measure your foot. Fine. Here are several different styles in your size. Try these on. They’re on sale today. SANDRA: They fit perfectly, but they aren’t exactly what I want. I don’t see any that I really like. Thanks anyway. OLIVE: Just a minute. Let me try on that pair. They’re very comfortable. I’ll buy them. SANDRA: I thought you didn’t need new shoes. OLIVE: I don’t. But I never can resist a sale.
acre (= 4840 square yards: 0.4646 hectares)
toothpaste ubat gigi
add up, added up
bring back, brought back
give back, gave back, given back
pay, paid membayar
pick out, picked out
try on, tried on
wear, wore, worn
be interested in
be made of
can afford, can’t afford
Supplementary Word List
(Conversation and Reading Practice)