Module 4, Unit 8

“Visiting the Doctor”

Base Sentences – (556-570)

556 I went to see my doctor for a check-up yesterday.

556 Fui a ver a mi doctor para un chequeo ayer.

557 The doctor discovered that I’m a little overweight.

557 El médico descubrió que soy un poco de sobrepeso.

558 He gave me a chest X-ray and took my blood pressure.

558 Él me dio una radiografía de tórax y me tomó la presión arterial.

559 He told me to take these pills every four hours.

559 Él me dijo que tomara estas pastillas cada cuatro horas.

560 Do you think the patient can be cured?

560 ¿Cree usted que el paciente se puede curar?

561 They operated on him last night.

561 Ellos lo operaron ayer por la noche.

562 He needed a blood transfusion.

562 Necesitaba una transfusión de sangre.

563 My uncle had a heart attack last year.

563 Mi tío tenía un ataque al corazón el año pasado.

564 They had to call in a heart specialist.

564 Tuvieron que llamar a un especialista del corazón.

565 What did the doctor say?

565 ¿Qué dijo el doctor?

566 The doctor advised me to get plenty of exercise.

566 El médico me aconsejó que hacer mucho ejercicio.

567 The doctor said I look pale.

567 El doctor dijo que me veo pálida.

568 If I want to be healthy, I have to stop smoking cigarettes.

568 Si quiero estar sano, tengo que dejar de fumar cigarrillos.

569 The physician said smoking is harmful to my health.

569 El médico dijo que fumar es perjudicial para mi salud.

570 It’s just a mosquito bite. There’s nothing to worry about.

570 Es sólo una picadura de mosquito. No hay nada de qué preocuparse.

Verb Study

1. discover => discovered, discovering, discovers

(A) The doctor discovered that I’m a little overweight. (B) If he discovers that I’m sick, I’ll have to take medicine. (C) I’m discovering new things every day. (D) Did he discover anything? (A) El doctor descubrió que soy un poco de sobrepeso. (B) Si descubre que estoy enferma, voy a tener que tomar medicamentos. (C) Estoy descubriendo cosas nuevas todos los días. (D) ¿Se descubrió nada?

2. be cured => is/are cured, was/were cured

(A) Do you think the patient can be cured? (B) All of the patients were cured. (C) The doctor told me that I’m cured. (D) Is he cured now? (A) ¿Cree usted que el paciente se puede curar? (B) Todos los pacientes fueron curados. (C) El doctor me dijo que estoy curado. (D) ¿Se curó ahora?

3. operate (on) => operated on, operating on, operates on

(A) They operated on him last night. (B) That doctor operates on several patients every day. (C) Will they operate on him tomorrow? (A) Se le operaron ayer por la noche. (B) Que médico opera a varios pacientes cada día. (C) ¿Van a operar en él mañana?

4. call in => called in, calling in, calls in

(A) They had to call in a heart specialist. (B) She always calls in a specialist when she’s sick. (C) We called in a heart specialist. (D) Are you going to call in a heart specialist? (A) Tuvieron que llamar a un especialista del corazón. (B) Siempre llama a un especialista cuando está enfermo. (C) Llamamos a un cardiólogo. (D) ¿Vas a llamar a un especialista del corazón?

5. advise => advised, advising, advises

(A) The doctor advised me to get plenty of exercise. (B) Everybody advises me to buy a new car. (C) Did the doctor advise you to stop smoking? (D) What does she advise you to do? (A) El médico me aconsejó que hacer mucho ejercicio. (B) Todo el mundo me aconseja para comprar un coche nuevo. (C) ¿El médico aconsejará que deje de fumar? (D) ¿Qué le aconseja que lo haga?

6. worry => worried, worrying, worries

(A) There’s nothing to worry about. (B) She worries about everything. (C) I worried about you last week. (D) What are you worrying about? (A) No hay nada de qué preocuparse. (B) Se preocupa de todo. (C) Me preocupa que la semana pasada. (D) ¿Qué te preocupas?

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a I went to see my doctor for a check-up yesterday.

1b I went to see my doctor for a medical check-up yesterday.

1c I went to see my doctor for a physical examination yesterday.

1d I went to see my doctor for an eye examination yesterday.

1e I went to see my doctor for an annual physical exam yesterday.

2a The doctor discovered that I’m a little overweight.

2b The doctor discovered that I’m a little underweight.

2c The doctor discovered that I’m a little near-sighted.

2d The doctor discovered that I’m a little far-sighted.

3a He gave me a chest X-ray and took my blood pressure.

3b He gave me a chest X-ray and took my temperature.

3c He gave me a chest X-ray and listened to my heart.

3d He gave me a chest X-ray and examined my eyes.

3e He gave me a chest X-ray and tested my hearing.

3f He gave me a chest X-ray and prescribed some medicine for me.

4a He told me to take these pills every four hours.

4b He told me to take these capsules every four hours.

4c He told me to take two aspirin tablets every four hours.

4d He told me to take penicillin every four hours.

4e He told me to take this medicine every four hours.

5a Do you think the patient can be cured?

5b Do you think the patient will get well soon?

5c Do you think the patient will be up and around soon?

5d Do you think the patient will feel better next week?

6a They operated on him last night.

6b They performed surgery on him last night.

6c They prescribed medicine for him last night.

6d They performed a successful operation on him last night.

7a He needed a blood transfusion.

7b He needed a major operation.

7c He needed a minor operation.

7d He needed first aid.

7e He needed a good night’s sleep.

8a My uncle had a heart attack last year.

8b My uncle had pneumonia last year.

8c My uncle had tuberculosis last year.

8d My uncle had yellow fever last year.

8e My uncle had the flu last year.

8f My uncle had a contagious disease last year.

8g My uncle had a serious illness last year.

9a They had to call in a heart specialist.

9b They had to call in an ear, nose and throat specialist.

9c They had to call in a surgeon.

9d They had to call in a general practitioner.

10a What did the doctor say?

10b What did the dentist say?

10c What did the psychiatrist say?

10d What did the veterinarian say?

10e What did the nurse say?

11a The doctor advised me to get plenty of exercise.

11b The doctor advised me to stay indoors more.

11c The doctor advised me to get outdoors more.

11d The doctor advised me to drink plenty of liquids.

11e The doctor advised me to take better care of myself.

12a The doctor said I look pale.

12b The doctor said I look run down.

12c The doctor said I look worried and nervous.

12d The doctor said I look anemic.

12e The doctor said I look pale and tired.

13a If I want to be healthy, I have to stop smoking cigarettes.

13b If I want to be healthy, I have to stop smoking cigars.

13c If I want to be healthy, I have to stop smoking my pipe.

13d If I want to be healthy, I have to stop smoking so many cigarettes.

14a The physician said smoking is harmful to my health .

14b The physician said smoking so much is harmful to my health.

14c The physician said drinking is harmful to my health.

14d The physician said drinking to excess is harmful to my health.

14e The physician said not getting enough sleep is harmful to my health.

15a It’s just a mosquito bite. There’s nothing to worry about.

15b It’s just an insect bite. There’s nothing to worry about.

15c It’s just a little heat rash. There’s nothing to worry about.

15d It’s just a slight infection. There’s nothing to worry about.

15e It’s just a minor burn. There’s nothing to worry about.

15f It’s just a mild cold. There’s nothing to worry about.

16a The doctor advised me to stay in bed for a few days.

16b The doctor told me to stay in bed for a few days.

16c The doctor said I should stay in bed for a few days.

17a I took his advice.

17b I accepted his advice.

17c I followed his advice.

17d I listened to his advice.

18a The medicine made me feel better.

18b The medicine cured my illness.

18c The medicine helped me.

Reading Practice

I was waiting for the doctor to finish his examination. I was worried and nervous. Would he have to operate? Would a blood transfusion be necessary? What would he have to say? Estaba esperando a que el médico que acabe su examen. Estaba preocupado y nervioso. ¿Tendría que operar? Sería necesaria una transfusión de sangre? ¿Qué habría que decir?

Dr. Johnson was a heart specialist. He was an excellent doctor and his examinations were always complete. He listened to the patient’s heart, took his blood pressure and temperature, gave him an X-ray and examined his eyes and ears. Dr. Johnson era un especialista del corazón. Era un excelente doctor y sus exámenes son siempre completas. Él escuchó el corazón del paciente, tomó su presión arterial y la temperatura, le entregó una placa de rayos X y examinó sus ojos y oídos.

The doctor finally completed his examination and spoke to me. He told me that heart trouble is never a minor illness, but this wasn’t a serious heart attack. El médico finalmente completó su examen y me habló. Me dijo que los problemas del corazón no es una enfermedad leve, pero esto no fue un ataque al corazón grave.

He advised losing some weight, getting plenty of sleep and eating good meals. Smoking and drinking would be harmful, of course. Dr. Johnson said it would be necessary to be careful for a while, but he was confident that there was nothing to worry about. Aconsejó a perder algo de peso, dormir lo suficiente y comer buenas comidas. Fumar y beber alcohol puede tener efectos negativos, por supuesto. Dr. Johnson dijo que sería necesario tener cuidado por un tiempo, pero él estaba seguro de que no había nada de qué preocuparse.

I felt much better after spoke to Dr. Johnson. I was certain that my uncle would be up and around again very soon. He’s seventy years old now, but he can still live for a long time if he takes good care of himself. Me sentí mucho mejor después habló con el Dr. Johnson. Estaba seguro de que mi tío estaría arriba y alrededor de nuevo muy pronto. Tiene setenta años ahora, pero todavía puede vivir por mucho tiempo si se tiene buen cuidado de sí mismo.

Questions

1. Who had a heart attack?

2. Why was I worried and nervous?

3. What kind of doctor was Dr. Johnson?

4. What did his examinations include,

5. What did Dr. Johnson tell me about my uncle’s heart attack?

6. What did Dr. Johnson advise my uncle to do?

7. Why did I feel much better after I spoke to the doctor?

Conversation

Well, Mrs. Bickford, I’ve completed my examination and I’m happy to say it’s nothing serious. Don t you think you should take X-rays? I don’t think X-rays will be necessary for this illness. Will I need a blood transfusion? No, Mrs. Bickford, you won’t need a blood transfusion. It’s a contagious disease, isn’t it? I don’t believe so. ผมไม่เชื่อดังนั้น (เป็นจริง) Shouldn’t I stay in bed for the rest of the week? No, you should get outdoors more and get plenty of exercise. Can I be cured? You listen to my advice and I’m certain you’ll be fine. What should I do, Doctor? Put this medicine on your arms every four hours and by tomorrow it will be all gone. It’s just a little heat rash—there’s nothing to worry about.

Word List

anemic

annual

aspirin

burn

capsule

check-up

cigarette

cigar

contagious

dentist

disease

exam

examination

excess

far-sighted

first aid

flu ไข้วาดใหญ่

general practitioner

harmful

health

hearing การได้ยิน

heart หัวใจ

heart attack หัวใจ

heat ความร้อน

illness

indoors

infection

insect แมลง

just

liquid

major

mild

minor

mosquito bite

near-sighted

nervous

nose

nurse

operation

outdoors

overweight

pale

patient

penicillin

physical

physician

pipe

plenty of

pneumonia

pressure

psychiatrist

rash

run down

serious

specialist

successful

surgeon

surgery

tablet

transfusion

tuberculosis

underweight

veterinarian

worried

yellow fever

Verb Forms

call in, called in

cure, cured

discover, discovered

examine, examined

operate, operated

perform, performed

prescribe, prescribed

smoke, smoked

test, tested

worry, worried

Expressions

be up and around

get exercise

get well

give an x-ray

take blood pressure

take care of

take pills

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

careful

lose weight

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