Module 5, Unit 1

“Telling About Past Experiences”

Base Sentences – (601-615)

601 A strange thing happened to me this morning.

601 Una cosa extraña que me pasó esta mañana.

602 I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a car.

602 Estaba cruzando la calle y estaba casi atropellado por un coche.

603 Fortunately, I jumped back in time to avoid being hit.

603 Afortunadamente, me dio un salto atrás en el tiempo para evitar ser golpeado.

604 It was a terrible experience, and I won’t forget it.

604 Fue una experiencia terrible, y no voy a olvidarlo.

605 Yesterday was such a beautiful day we decided to go for a drive.

605 Ayer fue un día tan hermoso que decidimos ir a dar una vuelta.

606 We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the river.

606 Se preparó un almuerzo de picnic y fuimos en coche por el río.

607 After a while, we found a shady place under some poplar trees.

607 Después de un rato, encontramos un lugar bajo la sombra de unos árboles de álamo.

608 On the way back home, we had a flat tire.

608 En el camino de regreso, tuvimos un pinchazo.

609 It was after dark when we got back, and we were all tired.

609 Era de noche cuando llegamos, y todos estábamos cansados.

610 I wish you would give me a more detailed description of your trip.

610 Me gustaría que me diera una descripción más detallada de su viaje.

611 Speaking of trips, did I ever tell you about the experience I had?

611 Hablando de viajes, ¿Te he contado acerca de la experiencia que tuve?

612 We used to have a lot of fun when we were that age.

612 Antes teníamos un montón de diversión cuando éramos esa edad.

613 I can’t recall the exact circumstances.

613 No puedo recordar las circunstancias exactas.

614 I never realized that someday I would be living in New York.

614 Nunca me di cuenta de que algún día yo estaría viviendo en Nueva York.

615 We never imagined that John would become a doctor.

615 Nunca nos imaginamos que John se convirtió en un médico.

Verb Study

1. avoid, jump back => avoided, avoids; jumped back, jumps back

(A) I jumped back in time to avoid being hit by a car. (B) I avoided an accident by jumping back. (C) He always avoids driving on busy streets. (D) Mr. Cooper is avoiding me these days. (A) que dio un salto atrás en el tiempo para evitar ser golpeado por un coche. (B) evité un accidente al saltar hacia atrás. (C) Siempre evite conducir en calles muy transitadas. (D) El Sr. Cooper me está evitando en estos días.

2. become => [became, become], becoming, becomes 

(A) We never imagined that John would become a doctor. (B) Did you know that Ralph became a doctor? (C) The meeting is becoming interesting. (D) Whatever became of Mr. and Mrs. Cooper? (A) Nunca nos imaginamos que John se convirtió en un médico. (B) ¿Sabía usted que Ralph se convirtió en un médico? (C) La reunión se está volviendo interesante. (D) Lo que pasó con el señor y la señora Cooper?

3. cross => crossed, crossing, crosses

(A) I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a car. (B) Please don’t cross the street here. Cross at the corner. (C) I crossed the street and went into the restaurant. (D) It’s important to cross busy streets at the corner. (A) estaba cruzando la calle y fue casi atropellado por un coche. (B) Por favor no cruce la calle aquí. Cruz en la esquina. (C) Crucé la calle y entré en el restaurante. (D) Es importante que cruzar calles muy transitadas en la esquina.

4. live => lived, living, lives 

(A) I’m now living in New York. (B) I’ve lived here for more than 20 years. (C) My sister lives in California. (D) We live in a big white house on Washington Street. (A) Ahora estoy viviendo en Nueva York. (B) que he vivido aquí por más de 20 años. (C) Mi hermana vive en California. (D) Vivimos en una gran casa blanca en Washington Street.

5. prepare => prepared, preparing, prepares 

(A) We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the river. (B) We’re preparing the lunch now. (C) My mother prepares wonderful food. (D) Be prepared for engine trouble if you take my car. (A) Hemos preparado un picnic y bajamos por el río. (B) Estamos preparando el almuerzo de hoy. (C) Mi madre prepara la comida maravillosa. (D) Esté preparado para problemas con el motor, si usted toma mi coche.

6. realize => realized, realizing, realizes

(A) I never realized that someday I would be living in California. (B) She realizes that it costs too much, but she wants it anyway. (C) I’m just realizing how hard it is to speak another language. (D) Do you realize that you were almost hit by a car? (A) Nunca me di cuenta de que algún día yo estaría viviendo en California. (B) Se da cuenta de que cuesta mucho, pero ella lo quiere de todos modos. (C) Sólo estoy dando cuenta de lo difícil que es hablar otro idioma. (D) ¿Te das cuenta de que casi te atropella un coche?

7. wish => wished, wishing, wishes

(A) I wish you would give me a more detailed description of your trip. (B) She wishes she could go with us to Africa. (C) Have you ever wished you could travel around the world? (D) Do you wish you could have a new car? (A) Me gustaría que me diera una descripción más detallada de su viaje. (B) Desearía poder ir con nosotros a África. (C) ¿Alguna vez has deseado poder viajar por todo el mundo? (D) ¿Usted desea que usted podría tener un coche nuevo?

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a A strange thing happened to me this morning.

1b An odd thing happened to me this morning.

1c An interesting thing happened to me this morning.

1d A funny thing happened to me this morning.

1e A peculiar thing happened to me this morning.

1f An amazing thing happened to me this morning.

2a I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a car.

2b I was crossing the street and was almost hit by an ambulance.

2c I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a fire engine.

2d I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a truck.

2e I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a motorcycle.

2f I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a sports car.

3a Fortunately, I jumped back in time to avoid being hit.

3b Fortunately, I realized the danger in time to avoid being hit.

3c Fortunately, I reacted in time to avoid being hit.

3d Fortunately, I got out of the way in time to avoid being hit.

4a It was a terrible experience, and I won’t forget it.

4b It was a terrible shock, and I won’t forget it.

4c It was a terrible feeling, and I won’t forget it.

4d It was a terrible situation, and I won’t forget it.

5a Yesterday was such a beautiful day we decided to go for a drive.

5b Yesterday was such a magnificent day we decided to go for a drive.

5c Yesterday was such a glorious day we decided to go for a drive.

5d Yesterday was such a perfect day we decided to go for a drive.

6a We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the river.

6b We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the creek.

6c We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the brook.

6d We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the lake.

6e We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the canal.

7a After a while, we found a shady place under some poplar trees.

7b After a while, we found a shady place beneath some oak trees.

7c After a while, we found a shady place near some elm trees.

7d After a while, we found a shady place by some redwood trees.

8a On the way back home, we had a flat tire.

8b On the way back home, we had some engine trouble.

8c On the way back home, we had a blowout.

8d On the way back home, we had motor trouble.

8e On the way back home, we had an accident.

8f On the way back home, we had a breakdown.

9a It was after dark when we got back and we were all tired.

9b It was after dark when we got back and we were all exhausted.

9c It was after dark when we got back and we were all worn-out.

10a I wish you would give me a more detailed description of your trip.

10b I wish you would give me a more detailed account of your trip.

10c I wish you would give me a more detailed report of your trip.

10d I wish you would give me a more detailed story of your trip.

11a Speaking of trips, did I ever tell you about my experience?

11b Talking about trips, did I ever tell you about my experience?

11c On the subject of trips, did I ever tell you about my experience?

12a We used to have a lot of fun when we were that age.

12b We used to get into a lot of trouble when we were that age.

12c We used to behave strangely when we were that age.

12d We used to tell a lot of jokes when we were that age.

13a I can’t recall the exact circumstances.

13b I can’t remember the exact circumstances.

13c I can’t reconstruct the exact circumstances.

13d I can’t report the exact circumstances.

14a I never realized that someday I would be living in New York.

14b I never realized that someday I would be married to a genius.

14c I never realized that someday I would be flying a plane.

14d I never realized that someday I would be learning a foreign language.

15a We never imagined that John would become a doctor.

15b We never suspected that John would become a doctor.

15c We never dreamed that John would become a doctor.

15d We never realized that John would become a doctor.

16a Please tell me about your trip.

16b I wish you would tell me about your trip.

16c I’d like you to tell me about your trip.

17a Let me tell you the exact circumstances.

17b Let me tell you all the details.

17c Let me tell you the whole story.

18a Are you sure he’ll be a doctor someday?

18b Do you think he’ll be a doctor someday?

18c Did you think he would be a doctor someday?

18d Did you realize he would be a doctor someday?

18e Did you ever dream he would be a doctor someday?

Reading Practice

An odd thing happened to me last Sunday. It was such a beautiful day that I decided to go for a leisurely drive in the country. On the way back home, my motor stopped. Una cosa extraña que me sucedió el domingo pasado. Fue un día tan hermoso que me decidí a ir a dar un paseo en automóvil en el país. En el camino de regreso, mi motor se detuvo.

I was out of gasoline on a lonely road far from a town. I decided to walk until I found someone who could sell me a gallon or two of gasoline. I had walked almost a mile before I finally found a big house near the road. I was glad to see it because it was starting to get dark. Yo estaba fuera de la gasolina en una carretera solitaria lejos de un pueblo. Decidí caminar hasta que encontré a alguien que me podría vender uno o dos galones de gasolina. Había caminado casi un kilómetro y medio antes de que finalmente encontré una gran casa cerca de la carretera. Me alegré de verlo, porque estaba empezando a oscurecer.

I knocked on the door and a little old lady with long white hair answered. She said, “I’ve been waiting for you for a long time. “Come in. Tea is almost ready.” “But I only came for some gasoline,” I answered. I couldn’t imagine what she was talking about. “Oh, Alfred! Gasoline? ” You used to prefer tea.” Llamé a la puerta y una anciana con el pelo largo y blanco respondí. Ella dijo, “He estado esperando por mucho tiempo.” Adelante té está casi listo. “”Pero yo sólo vine a buscar un poco de gasolina”, le contesté. No me podía imaginar lo que estaba hablando. “Oh, Alfred! Gasolina?” Usted solía preferir el té “.

I quickly explained that my car was out of gasoline, but she didn’t seem to hear me. She just kept calling me Alfred and talking about how long it had been since she had seen me. She was behaving very strangely and I was anxious to leave. Rápidamente le expliqué que mi coche estaba fuera de la gasolina, pero ella no pareció oírme. Ella seguía llamándome Alfred y hablar acerca de cuánto tiempo había pasado desde que me había visto. Ella se comportaba de manera extraña y yo estaba ansioso por irse.

As soon as she went to get the tea I went out of the house as fast as I could. Fortunately, there was another house down the road, and I was able to buy several gallons of gasoline. Tan pronto como se fue a buscar el té me fui de la casa lo más rápido que pude. Afortunadamente, no había otra casa por el camino, y yo era capaz de comprar varios galones de gasolina.

When I told the man about my experience, he said, “Oh, that’s Miss Emily. She lives by herself in that big house. She’s peculiar, but she wouldn’t hurt anyone. She’s still waiting for the man she was supposed to marry thirty years ago.The day before their wedding he went away and never came back.” Cuando le dije al hombre de mi experiencia, dijo, “Oh, eso es la señorita Emily. Ella vive sola en esa casa tan grande. Ella es peculiar, pero ella no le haría daño a nadie. Ella todavía está esperando al hombre que se iba a casar treinta años ago.The días antes de su boda se fue y nunca volvió. “

Questions

1. Why did the man in the story decide to go for a drive?

2. Where was he when his motor stopped?

3. What was wrong with his car?

4. What did he decide to do?

5. What did the old lady say to him?

6. Why did he run out of the house?

7. What did the man tell him about Miss Emily?

Conversation

JIM: Harry! What’s the matter? You look pale. Are you sick? HARRY: I just had a terrible experience. JIM: Sit down. Let me get you a glass of water. HARRY: No thanks, Jim. . I’ll be fine in a minute. JIM: Did you have an accident? HARRY: Not quite, but almost. I was crossing the street just now and was almost hit by a car. Fortunately, I jumped back in time. JIM: How awful! I hope you got the license number of the car so you can report this man to the police department. HARRY: Before I realized what had happened, the car was gone. JIM: Drivers like that should have their licenses taken away from them. HARRY: I agree. I won’t forget this for a long time. JIM: I’m sure you won’t. HARRY: Yes, from now on I won’t cross the street in the middle of the block reading my newspaper. I’ll have to watch where I’m going, since there are dangerous drivers like that one on the road.

Word List

account  estado de cuenta  (SS-10b) I wish you would give me a more detailed account of your trip.

amazing  asombroso  An amazing thing happened to me this morning. (SD-1f)

ambulance  ambulancia (SD-2b) I was crossing the street and was almost hit by an ambulance.

beneath  debajo (GSL-1344) (SD-7b) After a while, we found a shady place beneath some oak trees.

blowout  reventón (GSL-1061) (SD-8c) On the way back home, we had a blowout.

breakdown  avería (SD-8f) On the way back home, we had a breakdown.

brook  arroyo (SD-6c) We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the brook.

canal  canal (SD-6e) We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the canal.

circumstance  circunstancia 613 I can’t recall the exact circumstances. (SD-abcd)

creek  riachuelo (SD-6b) We prepared a picnic lunch and drove down by the creek.

danger  peligro Fortunately, I realized the danger in time to avoid being hit. (SD-3b) I’ll have to watch where I’m going, since there are dangerous drivers like that one on the road. (CV)

description descripción 610 I wish you would give me a more detailed description of your trip.

detail (SD-10abcd) I wish you would give me a more detailed description of your trip.

detailed (SD-10abcd)

I wish you would give me a more detailed description of your trip.

elm olmo (SD-7c) After a while, we found a shady place near the elm trees.

engine motor (VS-5d) (SD-8b) Be prepared for engine trouble if you take my car. On the way back home, we had some engine trouble.

ever nunca (SD-11abc) 611 Speaking of trips, did I ever tell you about the experience I had? Have you ever wished you could travel around the world? (VS-7c) Talking about trips, did I ever tell you about my experience?

exhausted agotado, exhausto (SD-9b) It was after dark when we got back and we were all exhausted.

experience experiencia 604 It was a terrible experience, and I won’t forget it. When I told the man about my experience, he said, “Oh, that’s Miss Emily. (Reading); I just had a terrible experience. (Conversation); Speaking of trips, did I ever tell you about my experience? (SD-11abc);

feeling

I was a terrible feeling, and I won’t forget it. (SD-4c)

fire engine (SD-2c)

I was crossing the street and was almost hit by a fire engine

flat (GSL-1102)

608 On the way back home, we had a flat tire.

On the way back home, we had a flat tire. (SD-8a)

fortunately  afortunadamente  603 Fortunately, I jumped back in time to avoid being hit. Fortunately, there was another house down the road, (Reading); Fortunately, I jumped back in time. (Conversation); Fortunately, I reacted in time to avoid being hit. (SD-3abcd)

genius genio Albert Einstein was a genius.

glorious

lake lago

magnificent  magnífico  The scenery in Sequoia National Park is magnificent!

motor motor The motor in this automobile is overheated.

motorcycle motocicleta Have you ever ridden a motorcycle?

oak  roble Oak trees are very common on the East Coast of America.

odd  extraño, estrafalario  Artists tend to be quite odd people.

peculiar peculiar His behaviour is very peculiar.

picnic picnic We had a picnic near the brook.

poplar (tree)  álamo We had many poplar trees in our backyard.

redwood (tree)  secoya Have you ever been to Sequoia National Park in California?

report un informe  (SS-10c) Please give me a detailed report of your trip to Sequoia National Park.

I wish you would give me a more detailed report of your story.

river rio The Colorado River runs into the Sea of Cortez.

shady sombreado It’s nice and shady in this place.

shock  sorprender She was in shock about the news of her father’s death.

someday algún día Someday he will be a doctor.

sports car  coche deportivo  The Chevrolet Corvette was a sports car.

strangely  extrañamente  This place looks strangely familiar.

such

tire

under

whole

worn-out

Verb Forms

avoid

become, became (p.), become (p. part.)

behave

cross

dream

get back

happen

hit, hit (p. and p. part.)

jump back

react

Fortunately, I reacted in time to avoid-being hit. (SS-3c)

realize (GSL-146)

(614) I never realized that someday I would be living in New York.

reconstruct

I can’t reconstruct the exact circumstances. (SS-13c)

report (GSL-240)

I can’t report the exact circumstances. (SS-13d)

suspect

Expressions

get into trouble  meterse en problemas  He is always getting into trouble.

get out of the way  salir de la forma Get out of the way! I’m trying to …

have fun

in time

on the way back

tell jokes

Supplementary Word List 

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

driver  conductor  Don’t bother the bus driver.

hair  pelo Her hair is very long.

knock  llamar  Someone is knocking on the door.

license  licencia Do you have an international drivers license?

Grammar Notes:

a) The suffix for regular English verbs is -ed

happen, jump, decide, prepare, realize, imagine.

b) English verbs that don’t follow this rule are irregular verbs:

was, hit, drove, found, had, got, were, did, used to.

b) adjectives before nouns form a noun phrase indicated by the particle “a” or “an”:

A strange thing, a terrible experience, a beautiful day, a picnic lunch, a shady place