Module 5, Unit 5

“Thinking About Possible Future Activities”

Base Sentences – (661-675)

661 If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I think I’ll go shopping.

661 Si no llueve mañana, creo que me voy a ir de compras.

662 There’s a possibility we’ll go, but it all depends on the weather.

662 Hay una posibilidad de que vamos a ir, pero todo depende de las condiciones meteorológicas.

663 If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll get a haircut.

663 Si tengo tiempo mañana, creo que voy a conseguir un corte de pelo.

664 I hope I remember to ask the barber not to cut my hair too short.

664 Espero que me acuerdo de pedir el barbero no cortarse el pelo muy corto.

665 My son wants to be a policeman when he grows up.

665 Mi hijo quiere ser policía cuando crezca.

666 If I get my work finished in time, I’ll leave for New York Monday.

666 Si tengo mi trabajo terminado a tiempo, voy a dejar de Nueva York el lunes.

667 Suppose you couldn’t go on the trip. How would you feel?

667 Supongamos que no se podía ir en el viaje. ¿Cómo te sentirías?

668 What would you say if I told you I couldn’t go with you?

668 ¿Qué dirías si te dijera que no podía ir con ustedes?

669 If I buy that car, I’ll have to borrow some money.

669 Si compro el coche, voy a tener que pedir dinero prestado.

670 If I went with you, I’d have to be back by six o’clock.

670 Si yo fuera contigo, tendría que volver a las seis en punto.

671 One of these days, I’d like to take a vacation.

671 Uno de estos días, me gustaría tomar unas vacaciones.

672 As soon as I can, I’m going to change jobs.

672 Tan pronto como pueda, voy a cambiar de trabajo.

673 There’s a chance he won’t be able to be home for Christmas.

673 Hay una posibilidad de que no pueda estar en casa para Navidad.

674 We may be able to help you in some way.

674 que puede ser capaz de ayudar de alguna manera.

675 If you were to attend the banquet, what would you wear?

675 Si se va a asistir al banquete, ¿qué te pondrías?

Verb Study

1. depend (on) => depended on, depending on, depends on

(A) It all depends on the weather. (B) You can depend on me to help you. (C) He’s depending on me to show him the house this afternoon. (A) Todo depende de las condiciones meteorológicas. (B) Usted puede confiar en mí para ayudarle. (C) Está en función de que yo le mostrara la casa esta tarde.

2. remember => remembered, remembering, remembers

(A) I hope I remember to go to the barbershop. (B) I remembered it just in time. (C) Does he remember where he put the book? (D) He remembers my name, but he doesn’t really know me. (A) Espero que me acuerdo de ir a la peluquería. (B) recordé justo a tiempo. (C) ¿Recuerda dónde puso el libro? (D) Se acuerda de mi nombre, pero en realidad no me conocen.

3. cut => [cut, cut], cutting, cuts

(A) I hope the barber doesn’t cut my hair too short. (B) The barber cut my hair too short the last time. (C) My brother likes the way the barber cuts his hair. (A) Espero que el peluquero no corta el pelo muy corto. (B) El peluquero corta el pelo muy corto por última vez. (C) Mi hermano le gusta la forma en que el peluquero corta el pelo.

4. suppose, assume => supposed, supposing, supposes; assumed, assuming, assumes

(A) Supposing the weather was bad, where would you go? (B) Suppose you couldn’t go on the trip. How would you feel? (C) He assumed I wasn’t going on the trip. (D) He’s assuming he can make monthly payments on his new car. (A) Suponiendo que el tiempo era malo, ¿a dónde irías? (B) Suponga que usted no puede ir en el viaje. ¿Cómo te sentirías? (C) Asumió que no iba en el viaje. (D) Se ha supuesto que puede hacer los pagos mensuales de su nuevo coche.

5. borrow => borrowed, borrowing, borrows

(A) If I buy that car, I’ll have to borrow some money. (B) She often borrows money from her brother. (C) I’ve borrowed money from you several times, haven’t I? (D) I’m borrowing this book for a few days, if you don’t mind. (A) Si compro el coche, voy a tener que pedir dinero prestado. (B) A menudo se pide dinero a su hermano. (C) He tomado prestado el dinero de usted varias veces, ¿no? (D) que estoy tomando prestado este libro durante unos días, si no te importa.

6. change (jobs) => changed, changing, changes

(A) As soon as I can, I’m going to change jobs. (B) He changes jobs every two or three months. (C) Mr. Green changed jobs a month ago. (A) Tan pronto como pueda, voy a cambiar de trabajo. (B) Se cambia de trabajo cada dos o tres meses. (C) Mr. Green cambió de trabajo hace un mes.

7. attend => attended, attending, attends

(A) If you were to attend the banquet, what would you wear? (B) He always attends the weekly meetings.(C) I’ve attended most of the meetings. (D) Why don’t you plan to attend the banquet with me? (A) Si se va a asistir al banquete, ¿qué te pones? (B) El siempre asiste a las reuniones semanales. (C) He asistido a la mayoría de las reuniones. (D) ¿Por qué no va a asistir al banquete conmigo?

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I think I’ll go shopping.

1b If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I think I’ll run some errands.

1c If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I think I’ll go to the market.

1d If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I think I’ll attend the club meeting.

2a There’s a possibility we’ll go, but it all depends on the weather.

2b There’s a possibility we’ll go, but it all depends on how we feel.

2c There’s a possibility we’ll go, but it all depends on how much it’ll cost.

3a If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll get a haircut.

3b If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll go to the barbershop.

3c If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll go get my hair cut.

3d If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll shampoo my hair.

3e If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll go to the beauty parlor.

3f If I have time tomorrow, I think I’ll get my hair set.

4a I hope I remember to ask, the barber not to cut my hair too short.

4b I hope I remember to ask, the barber not to give me a short haircut.

4c I hope I remember to ask, the barber not to put tonic on my hair.

5a My son wants to be a policeman when he grows up.

5b My son wants to be an electronic engineer when he grows up.

5c My son wants to be an astronaut when he grows up.

5d My son wants to be a physicist when he grows up.

5e My son wants to be a highway engineer when he grows up.

5f My son wants to be an architect when he grows up.

6a If I get my work finished in time, I’ll leave for New York Monday.

6b If I get my work finished in time, I’ll be off for New York Monday.

6c If I get my work finished in time, I’ll depart for New York Monday.

6d If I get my work finished in time, I’ll head for New York Monday.

7a Suppose you couldn’t go on the trip. How would you feel?

7b Supposing you couldn’t go on the trip. How would you feel?

7c Let’s say you couldn’t go on the trip. How would you feel?

7d Assuming you couldn’t go on the trip. How would you feel?

8a What would you say if I told you I couldn’t go with you?

8b How would you react if I told you I couldn’t go with you?

8c What would be your reaction if I told you I couldn’t go with you?

8d How would you feel if I told you I couldn’t go with you?

9a If I buy that car, I’ll have to borrow some money.

9b If I buy that car, I’ll have to pay for it over 36 months.

9c If I buy that car, I’ll have to make monthly payments.

9d If I buy that car, I’ll have to use all my savings.

9e If I buy that car, I’ll have to get somebody to lend me money.

10a If I went with you, I’d have to be back by six o’clock.

10b If I went with you, I’d have to get my father’s permission.

10c If I went with you, I’d have to take an overnight bag.

11a One of these days, I’d like to take a vacation.

11b One of these days, I’d like to take a trip around the world.

11c One of these days, I’d like to go off on a vacation.

11d One of these days, I’d like to trade my old car in.

11e One of these days, I’d like to get rid of my old car.

12a As soon as I can, I’m going to change jobs.

12b As soon as I am able to, I’m going to change jobs.

12c As soon as I have an opportunity, I’m going to change jobs.

12d As soon as I find it possible, I’m going to change jobs.

13a There’s a chance he won’t be able to be home for Christmas.

13b There’s a chance he won’t be able to get any time off for the holidays.

13c There’s a chance he won’t be able to get leave in December.

13d There’s a chance he won’t be able to make it home at Christmastime.

14a We may be able to help you in some way.

14b We may be able to assist you in some way.

14c We may be able to aid you in some way.

14d We may be able to help you out in some way.

15a If you were to attend the banquet, the what would you wear?

15b If you were to attend the formal dance, what would you wear?

15c If you were to attend the reception, what would you wear?

15d If you were to attend the ceremony, what would you wear?

15e If you were to attend the wedding, what would you wear?

Reading Practice

There are some people who just can’t make up their minds by themselves. They frequently ask the advice of their friends and then do the opposite of what their friends have suggested. Hay algunas personas que simplemente no pueden decidirse por sí mismos. Ellos se preguntan con frecuencia el consejo de sus amigos y luego hacen lo contrario de lo que sus amigos han sugerido.

My brother Tom is such a person. He can never decide what to do, and is always asking my opinion. I try to help him as well as I can, but he never takes my advice. Yesterday I answered his question in a different way. Mi hermano Tom es una persona. Nunca se puede decidir qué hacer, y siempre está pidiendo mi opinión. Trato de ayudar lo mejor que pueda, pero nunca toma mi consejo. Ayer respondí a su pregunta de una manera diferente.

“Look,” he said, showing me a letter. “What do you think I ought to do?” The letter was an offer of a job. It seemed to be an excellent opportunity for a young engineer. Tom would be sent to Africa to work. The job would pay very well, and he would be able to travel and visit many interesting places. “Mira”, dijo, y me mostró una carta. “¿Qué crees que debo hacer?” La carta era una oferta de un puesto de trabajo. Parecía ser una excelente oportunidad para un joven ingeniero. Tom sería enviado a África para trabajar. El trabajo se paga muy bien, y que sería capaz de viajar y visitar muchos lugares interesantes.

“What do you think, Bill?” he asked. “Should I go?” If I were to accept the job, I’d have to stay in Africa for two years. I might have to stay longer. But it would be wonderful experience for me. What should I do?” “¿Qué piensa usted, Bill?” , se preguntó. “¿Debo ir?” Si tuviera que aceptar el trabajo, me tengo que quedar en África durante dos años. Puede que tenga que quedarse más tiempo. Pero sería una maravillosa experiencia para mí. ¿Qué debo hacer? “

“Don’t go,” I told him. “You’d be very unhappy.” “Don’t go?” he looked very surprised at my answer. As you’ve probably guessed, Tom accepted the offer. I don’t know if it has occurred to him that I actually wanted him to take the job. “No te vayas”, le dije. “Usted sería muy infeliz.” “No te vayas?” se veía muy sorprendido por mi respuesta. Como usted probablemente ha adivinado, Tom aceptó la oferta. No sé si se ha producido a lo que en realidad quería que tomar el trabajo.

Questions

1. What do some people do when they can’t make up their minds?

2. What was in the letter that Tom showed to Bill?

3. Where would Tom be sent?

4. What did Bill advise Tom to do?

5. Why did Bill tell Tom not to take the job?

6. Do you think Bill did the right thing?

Conversation

Dialog 1

DAVE: Would you like to go to the movies with me tonight, Jean? JEAN: Thanks, Dave. I’d like to go very much, but there’s a possibility I’ll have to work at the library. DAVE: How soon will you know? JEAN: I should know this afternoon. Why don’t you call me up later? DAVE: All right. If you finish your work early, perhaps we can still go somewhere tonight. JEAN: Fine. Suppose I don’t get finished in time. Would you be able to go tomorrow night? DAVE: Sure, I can go tomorrow night, too.

Dialog 2

CHUCK: Will you be going home for Christmas this year, Nancy? Nancy? NANCY: I want to go, but I don’t know if I’ll have enough money by then. CHUCK: You live in Portland, Oregon, don’t you? Portland, Oregon, NANCY: That’s right. And the plane fare is very expensive. CHUCK: Why don’t you go by train? It would be cheaper than the plane. NANCY: Yes, but I don’t care for trains very much. CHUCK: How about the bus? That’s not very expensive, either. NANCY: I’m never comfortable on a bus, and it takes such a long time. CHUCK: Well, you can do one of two things, then. Either start saving your money for the plane fare, or start walking now.

Word List

architect

astronaut

bag

banquet

barber

barbershop

beauty parlor

ceremony

Christmas

Christmastime

club

dance

electronic

formal

haircut

help

highway

market

monthly

opportunity

overnight

permission

physicist

policeman

reaction

reception

savings

tonic

vacation

Verb Forms

aid

assist

attend

be back

be off (for)

borrow

depart

depend (on)

go off (on)

head (for)

help out

lend, lent (p. and p. part.)

run, ran (p.), run (p. part.)

shampoo

trade in

Expressions

get finished

get (one’s) hair cut

get (one’s) hair set

get leave

get rid of

get time off

make payments

run errands

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

comfortable

offer

roommate

save