Module 5, Unit 6

“Talking About Past Possibilities”

Base Sentences – (676-690)

676 What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to study?

676 ¿Qué habrías hecho la noche anterior si no hubieras tenido que estudiar?

677 I would have gone on the picnic if it hadn’t rained.

677, habría ido en el día de campo, si no hubiera llovido.

678 If you had gotten up earlier, you would have had time for breakfast.

678 Si se había levantado temprano, usted habría tenido tiempo para el desayuno.

679 If I had had time, I would have called you.

679 Si hubiera tenido tiempo, me habría llamado.

680 Would he have seen you if you hadn’t waved to him?

680 ¿Habría visto que si no hubieras saludó a él?

681 If he had only had enough money, he would have bought that house.

681 Si al menos hubiera tenido el dinero suficiente, habría comprado esa casa.

682 I wish you had called me back the next day, as I had asked you to.

682 Ojalá me hubieras llamado al día siguiente, como ya lo había pedido.

683 If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have broken your leg.

683 Si no hubieras resbalado y caído, no hubieras roto la pierna.

684 If I had known you wanted to go, I would have called you.

684 Si yo hubiera sabido que quería ir, me hubiera llamado.

685 Had I known you didn’t have a key, I wouldn’t have locked the door.

685 Si hubiera sabido que no tenía una llave, yo no habría cerrado la puerta.

686 She would have gone with me, but she didn’t have time.

686 Ella habría ido conmigo, pero ella no tenía tiempo.

687 If I had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have gotten lost.

687 Si yo había pedido instrucciones, yo no se han perdido.

688 Even if we could have taken a vacation, we might not have wanted to.

688 Aunque podríamos haber tomado unas vacaciones, puede ser que no han querido.

689 Everything would have been all right if you hadn’t said that.

689 Todo habría estado bien si no hubieras dicho eso.

690 Looking back on it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

690 Mirando hacia atrás, me hubiera gustado que no habíamos dado con tanta facilidad.

Verb Study

1. wave => waved, waving, waves

(A) Would he have seen you it you hadn’t waved to him? (B) I waved good-bye to her at the airport. (C) Who is that man over there? He’s waving to us. (D) My little daughter always waves to people when they wave to her. (E) Who are you waving to? (A) ¿Habría visto que no había saludado a él? (B) Me despedí de ella en el aeropuerto. (C) ¿Quién es ese hombre? Él está agitando a nosotros. (D) Mi pequeña hija siempre saluda a la gente cuando saludar a ella. (E) A quién estás saludando a?

2. give in => gave in, given in

(A) Looking back on it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily. (B) Why don’t you give in? (C) My son wanted to go to the party, and I finally gave in and said ‘yes’. (D) Did you finally give in and tell him he could go? (E) He usually gives in and takes me out to dinner when I want to go. (A) Mirando hacia atrás, me hubiera gustado que no habíamos dado con tanta facilidad. (B) ¿Por qué no te rindes? (C) Mi hijo quería ir a la fiesta, y finalmente cedió y dijo “sí”. (D) ¿Finalmente cede y lo que podía ir a decirle? (E) Por lo general cede y me lleva a cenar cuando quiero ir.

3. had had, had said, had known, had had to =

(A) If I had had time, I would have called you. (B) Had I had time, I would have called you. (C) Everything would have been all right if you hadn’t said that. (D) If you had said you wanted to go, I would have waited for you. (E) If I had known you wanted to go, I would have gone by your house. (F) Had she known that I was going, she would have gone with me. (G) If you hadn’t had to study, what would you have done last night? (H) If I had had to pay for the car, I would have had to borrow money. (A) Si hubiera tenido tiempo, me habría llamado. (B) Si hubiera tenido tiempo, me habría llamado. (C) Todo habría estado bien si no hubieras dicho eso. (D) Si hubieras dicho que quería ir, me he esperado. (E) Si hubiera sabido que quería ir, me hubiera ido de su casa. (F) si hubiera sabido que me iba, ella habría ido conmigo. (G) Si no hubieras tenido que estudiar, ¿qué habrías hecho la noche anterior? (H) Si yo hubiera tenido que pagar por el coche, yo habría tenido que pedir dinero prestado.

4. would have had, would have bought, would have broken =

(A) You would have had time for breakfast if you had gotten up earlier. (B) Wouldn’t you have had time to study if you had gotten up at 6 a.m.? (C) He would have bought that house, if he had only had enough money. (D) She wouldn’t have bought that house even if she had had enough money. (E) If you hadn’t fallen down, you wouldn’t have broken your leg. (F) Would you have broken your arm if you hadn’t slipped and fallen? (A) Usted habría tenido tiempo para el desayuno si se había levantado antes. (B) ¿No has tenido tiempo de estudiar si se había levantado a las 6 am? (C) El hubiera comprado esa casa, si sólo hubiera tenido el dinero suficiente. (D) No se habría comprado esa casa, incluso si hubiera tenido el dinero suficiente. (E) Si no hubiera caído, no hubieras roto la pierna. (F) ¿Te han roto el brazo si no hubieras resbalado y caído?

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to study?

1b What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to work?

1c What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to stay home?

1d What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to wash your hair?

1e What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to do your laundry?

1f What would you have done last night if you hadn’t had to go to the banquet?

2a I would have gone on the picnic if it hadn’t rained.

2b I would have gone on the picnic if I had known about it.

2c I would have gone on the picnic if there had been time to get ready.

2d I would have gone on the picnic if you had told me about it earlier.

2e I would have gone on the picnic if I had realized you were going.

3a If you had gotten up earlier, you would have had time for breakfast.

3b If you had not slept so late, you would have had time for breakfast.

3c If you had set your alarm, you would have had time for breakfast.

3d If you had awakened in time, you would have had time for breakfast.

3e If you had hurried up, you would have had time for breakfast.

3f If you had gotten dressed faster, you would have had time for breakfast.

4a If I had had time, I would have called you.

4b If I had had time, I would have gone on the picnic.

4c If I had had time, I would have run some errands for you.

4d If I had had time, I would have seen all my old friends.

4e If I had had time, I would have visited all the museums.

5a Would he have seen you if you hadn’t (have) waved to him?

5b Would he have seen you if you hadn’t (have) shouted to him?

5c Would he have seen you if you hadn’t (have) introduced yourself to him?

6a If he had only had enough money, he would have bought that house.

6b If he had only had enough money, he would have made the trip.

6c If he had only had enough money, he would have paid cash for the car.

6d If he had only had enough money, he would have made a lump-sum payment.

7a I wish you had called me back the next day, as I had asked you to.

7b I wish you had stayed in bed the next day, as I had asked you to.

7c I wish you had gone on the trip the next day, as I had asked you to.

7d I wish you had finished your work the next day, as I had asked you to.

8a If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have broken your leg.

8b If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, there wouldn’t be any broken bones.

8c If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you’d be all right now.

8d If you hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have sprained your ankle.

9a If I had known you wanted to go, I would have called you.

9b If I had known you wanted to go, I would have invited you.

9c If I had known you wanted to go, I would have included you.

9d If I had known you wanted to go, I would have asked you.

10a Had I known you didn’t have a key, I wouldn’t have locked the door.

10b Had I known you didn’t have time, I wouldn’t have bothered you.

10c Had I known you didn’t have any money, I wouldn’t have married you.

10d Had I known you didn’t have training, I wouldn’t have hired you.

10e Had I known you didn’t have money, I wouldn’t have sold you the car.

11a She would have gone with me, but she didn’t have time.

11b She would have gone with me, except she didn’t have time.

11c She would have gone with me, except for the fact that she didn’t have time.

11d She would have gone with me, if it hadn’t been that she didn’t have time.

12a If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have gotten lost.

12b If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have lost my way.

12c If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have taken the wrong road.

12d If we had asked for directions, I wouldn’t have gone the wrong way.

13a Even if we could have taken a vacation, we might not have wanted to.

13b Even if we could have gone on the picnic, we might not have wanted to.

13c Even if we could have bought a new car, we might not have wanted to.

13d Even if we could have enrolled in a class, we might not have wanted to.

13e Even if we could have attended the banquet, we might not have wanted to.

14a Everything would have been all right if you hadn’t said that.

14b Everything would have been agreeable if you hadn’t said that.

14c Everything would have been acceptable if you hadn’t said that.

14d Everything would have been settled if you hadn’t said that.

14e Everything would have been resolved if you hadn’t said that.

14f Everything would have been perfect if you hadn’t said that.

15a Looking back on it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15b Now that I think about it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15c Looking at it now, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15d Come to think of it, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

15e Thinking it over carefully, I wish we hadn’t given in so easily.

16a I took my vacation last winter. I went to florida.

16b I wish I had taken my vacation last winter. I would have gone to florida.

17a I can go with you on the picnic. We’ll have a good time.

17b I wish I could go with you on the picnic. We would have a good time.

17c I wish I could have gone with you on the picnic. We would have had a good time.

Reading Practice

The two girls sat drinking their coffee without talking. Finally, Judy asked, “What would you have done if this had happened to you?” Betty drank some more coffee before she answered. “If this had happened to me, I’d have told Steve exactly what I thought of him. I wouldn’t have been so nice to him.” Las dos chicas se sentaron bebiendo su café sin hablar. Por último, Judy le preguntó: “¿Qué habría hecho usted si esto hubiera pasado?” Betty bebió un poco más de café antes de contestar. “Si esto hubiera ocurrido a mí, me he dicho a Steve exactamente lo que pensaba de él. Yo no habría sido tan amable con él “.

“If I’d had enough time to think about it,” Judy agreed, “I’d have given him an argument for causing me so much inconvenience.” “Si hubiera tenido tiempo suficiente para pensar en ello,” Judy acordado “, le habría dado un argumento a favor de lo que hizo tanto inconveniente.”

They were discussing what had happened that morning. Steve had asked Judy to go to the school dance with him on Saturday night, and she had accepted. Now, it seemed, he wouldn’t be able to go. Hablaban de lo que había pasado esa mañana. Steve había pedido a Judy para ir a la escuela de baile con él el sábado por la noche, y ella había aceptado. Ahora, al parecer, él no sería capaz de ir.

“He should have told me sooner,” Judy said. “I might have been able to go with someone else.” I wouldn’t have had to stay home while everyone else went to the dance.” “Debería haberme dicho antes”, dijo Judy. “Yo podría haber sido capaz de ir con alguien más.” Yo no habría tenido que quedarse en casa mientras todos los demás se fue al baile “.

“You could have gone with Charles,” Betty reminded her. “Yes, but it’s too late now,” Judy said. “You’d think that when a boy had invited you to the biggest dance of the year, he’d have realized how important it was.” “Podrías haber ido con Charles,” Betty le recordó. “Sí, pero ya es demasiado tarde”, dijo Judy. “Se podría pensar que cuando un chico que se había invitado a la mayor danza de los años, se habría dado cuenta de lo importante que era.”

Betty agreed. “That’s right. If he hadn’t slipped and fallen, you wouldn’t have this problem. He should have broken his leg some other time.” Betty estuvo de acuerdo. “Eso es correcto. Si no hubiera resbalado y caído, que no tendría este problema. Tendría que haber roto la pierna en otra ocasión.”

Questions

1. Why is Judy so unhappy?

2. What’s the matter with Steve?

3. Do you think Judy should have given him an argument? y

4. What would you have done if you had been Steve?

5. Why can’t Judy go to the dance with ssomeone else?

Conversation

STELLA: Don’t worry about it, Stanley. There’s nothing we can do now. STANLEY: I can’t help it, Stella. If I’d been thinking, this wouldn’t have happened. STELLA: We all make mistakes. I see no point in standing here talking about it. STANLEY: If I hadn’t gone on that trip, I wouldn’t have forgotten about it. STELLA: It’s not really your fault. I didn’t remember, either. STANLEY: There’s no excuse for it, Stella. I had known about it for several weeks. STELLA: Well, it’s too late to do anything now. STANLEY: If we had written it down on the calendar, we wouldn’t have made this mistake. STELLA: We can do that next time, but it won’t help us now. Let’s go home. STANLEY: I guess you’re right. Next time I buy tickets for the theater, I’ll be sure to look at the date. Then we’ll go on the right day instead of a day late.

Word List

acceptable

agreeable

alarm

bone

carefully

cash

easily

even

key

lump-sum

museum

training

Verb Forms

enroll

give in

hurry up

introduce

look back (on)

lose, lost (p. and p. part.)

shout

sell, sold (p. and p. part.)

sprain

wave

Expressions

come to think of it

do the laundry

get lost

lose (one’s) way

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

excuse

fault