Module 5, Unit 8

“Giving Advice and Asking Opinions”

Base Sentences – (706-720)

706 If you want my advice, I don’t think you should go.

706 Si quieres mi consejo, no creo que hay que ir.

707 I suggest that you tear up the letter and start over again.

707 Le sugiero que romper la carta y empezar de nuevo.

708 It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you please.

708 Es sólo una sugerencia, y usted puede hacer lo que le plazca.

709 Let me give you a little fatherly advice.

709 Déjame darte un pequeño consejo paternal.

710 If you don’t like it, I wish you would say so.

710 Si no te gusta, me gustaría que decirlo.

711 Please don’t take offense. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

711 Por favor, no se ofenda. Yo sólo quería decirte lo que pienso.

712 In my opinion, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

712 En mi opinión, la casa no vale la pena el precio que están pidiendo.

713 My feeling is that you ought to stay home tonight.

713 Mi sensación es que usted debe quedarse en casa esta noche.

714 It’s none of my business, but I think you ought to work harder.

714 No es de mi incumbencia, pero creo que se debe trabajar más duro.

715 In general, my reaction is favorable.

715 En general, mi reacción es favorable.

716 If you don’t take my advice, you’ll be sorry.

716 Si usted no toma mi consejo, te vas a arrepentir.

717 I’ve always tried not to interfere in your affairs.

717 Siempre he tratado de no interferir en sus asuntos.

718 I’m old enough to make up my own mind.

718 Yo soy lo suficientemente mayor como para tomar mis propias decisiones.

719 Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to figure out myself.

719 Gracias por el consejo, pero esto es algo que tengo que averiguar yo mismo.

720 He won’t pay attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your breath.

720 No se presta atención a nadie. Estás perdiendo el aliento.

Verb Study

1. suggest => suggested, suggesting, suggests

(A) She suggests that we go out for dinner tonight. (B) Who suggested that we go to the movies? (C) I didn’t want to suggest it, but it’s a good idea. (A) Se sugiere que vayamos a cenar esta noche. (B) ¿Quién le sugirió que fuéramos al cine? (C) yo no quiero sugerirlo, pero es una buena idea.

2. tear up => [tore up, torn up], tearing up, tears up

(A) I suggest you tear up the letter. (B) I listened to your suggestion and tore up the letter. (C) If I hadn’t torn up the letter, you could have read it. (A) te sugiero que romper la carta. (B) He escuchado a su sugerencia y rompió la carta. (C) Si no hubiera roto la carta, podría haberlo leído.

3. start over => started over, starting over, starts over

(A) I suggest that you tear up the letter and start over again. (B) We tore up the letter and started over again. (C) They’re starting over again today. Maybe they’ll do it right this time. (A) te sugiero que te rompas la carta y empezar de nuevo. (B) Se rompió la carta y empezamos de nuevo. (C) Están empezando otra vez hoy. Tal vez van a hacer las cosas bien esta vez.

4. take (offense) => [took offense, taken offense], taking offense, takes offense

(A) Please don’t take offense. I only wanted to tell you what I think. (B) She takes offense easily, so watch what you say. (C) I’ve never taken offense at anything you’ve said. (A) Por favor, no se ofenda. Yo sólo quería decirte lo que pienso. (B) ella se ofende con facilidad, así que cuidado con lo que dices. (C) Nunca he sentido ofendido por todo lo que has dicho.

5. interfere (in, with) => interfered in/with, interfering in/with, interferes in/with

(A) I’ve tried not to interfere in your affairs. (B) Are you interfering in my affairs? (C) We didn’t want to interfere with your work. (D) She never interferes with my work. (A) He tratado de no interferir en sus asuntos. (B) ¿Está interfiriendo en mis asuntos? (C) Nosotros no queremos interferir con su trabajo. (D) Nunca interfiere con mi trabajo.

6. figure out => figured out, figuring out, figures out

(A) This is something I have to figure out myself. (B) We figured it out ourselves. We didn’t need help. (C) I’m figuring out how much money I have in the bank. (A) Es algo que tengo que averiguar yo mismo. (B) Nos dimos cuenta que nosotros mismos. No necesitamos ayuda. (C) Estoy averiguar cuánto dinero tengo en el banco.

7. pay attention (to) => [paid attention to], paying attention to, pays attention to

(A) He won’t pay attention to anybody. (B) She pays attention to him, but she never pays attention to me. (C) We paid attention to everything he said. (D) I’m paying close attention to what you say. (A) El no prestar atención a nadie. (B) Se fija en él, pero nunca se fija en mí. (C) Nos fijamos en todo lo que decía. (D) que estoy prestando mucha atención a lo que dices.

8. waste (one’s breath) => wasted, wasting, wastes 

(A) You’re just wasting your breath. He isn’t paying attention to you. (B) He was wasting his breath on her. She wasn’t listening to him. (C) I’ve been wasting my breath all these years. You never listen. (A) Estás perdiendo el aliento. Él no está prestando atención. (B) que estaba perdiendo el aliento en ella. Ella no le escuchaba. (C) que he estado perdiendo el aliento de todos estos años. Nunca escuchas.

Word/Phase Substitution Drills

1a If you want my advice, I don’t think you should go.

1b If you’re interested in my advice, I don’t think you should go.

1c If you care for my advice, I don’t think you should go.

2a I suggest that you tear up the letter and start over again.

2b I suggest that you tear up the letter and begin again.

2c I suggest that you tear up the letter and start from the beginning again.

2d I suggest that you tear up the letter and do it all over again.

3a It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you please.

3b It’s only a suggestion, and you can do what you want to.

4a Let me give you a little fatherly advice.

4b Let me give you a little friendly advice.

4c Let me give you a little simple advice.

4d Let me give you a little motherly advice.

5a If you don’t like it, I wish you would say so.

5b If you don’t agree with me, I wish you would say so.

5c If you don’t appreciate my helping you, I wish you would say so.

6a Please don’t take offense. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6b Please don’t get upset. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6c Please don’t get mad. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6d Please don’t be offended. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

6e Please don’t take it that way. I only wanted to tell you what I think.

7a In my opinion, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7b Unless I’m wrong, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7c Unless I’m mistaken, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7d Unless I miss my guess, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7e As I see it, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7f As far as I can tell, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

7g As far as I’m concerned, the house isn’t worth the price they’re asking.

8a My feeling is that you ought to stay home tonight.

8b My feeling is that you would be well advised to stay home tonight.

8c My feeling is that you should stay home tonight.

8d My feeling is that you had better stay home tonight.

9a It’s none of my business, but I think you ought to work harder.

9b It’s not my affair, but I think you ought to work harder.

9c I have nothing to do with it, but I think you ought to work harder.

9d I don’t have any say in the matter, but I think you ought to work harder.

9e It’s not my responsibility, but I think you ought to work harder.

10a In general, my reaction is favorable.

10b In general, my reaction is negative.

10c In general, my reaction is not entirely negative.

10d In general, my reaction is not very favorable.

10e In general, my reaction is that we ought to wait and see.

10f In general, my reaction is that we should proceed cautiously.

11a If you don’t take my advice, you’ll be sorry.

11b If you don’t take my advice, you’ll regret it later.

11c If you don’t take my advice, you’ll find out for yourself.

12a I’ve always tried not to interfere in your affairs.

12b I’ve always tried not to interfere in your business.

12c I’ve always tried not to interfere in your private affairs.

12d I’ve always tried not to interfere in your problems.

13a I’m old enough to make up my own mind.

13b I’m big enough to make up my own mind.

13c I’m grown up enough to make up my own mind.

13d I’m mature enough to make up my own mind.

13e I’m smart enough to make up my own mind.

13f I’m intelligent enough to make up my own mind.

14a Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to figure out myself.

14b Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to work out myself.

14c Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to do on my own.

14d Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to decide alone.

14e Thanks for the advice, but this is something I have to solve by myself.

15a He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your breath.

15b He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your money.

15c He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your time.

15d He won’t pay any attention to anybody. You’re just wasting your energy.

Reading Practice

Dear Ellen,

I just received your letter and I want to let you know my opinion of your plans for the future. I hope you won’t take offense, but will accept what I say here as some fatherly advice. Acabo de recibir su carta y quiero hacerle saber mi opinión sobre sus planes para el futuro. Espero que no se ofenda, pero aceptaré lo que digo aquí como un consejo paternal.

I was quite surprised when I read in your letter that you had decided not to finish your studies at the university. I realize that Peter wants you to marry him this summer. But with only one more year to go, you would be well advised to finish. A year is really a short time, and later you will be glad you postponed getting married. Yo estaba muy sorprendido cuando leí en su carta que había decidido no terminar sus estudios en la universidad. Me doy cuenta de que Peter quiere que se case con él este verano. Pero con sólo un año más para ir, usted haría bien hasta el final. Un año es muy poco tiempo, y luego se le alegra que usted pospuesto el matrimonio.

As you know, my reaction to Peter was extremely favorable when I met him. He’s an exceptionally fine young man and should be a good husband. But I suggest you complete your education first. Como ustedes saben, mi reacción a Pedro fue muy favorable cuando lo conocí. Él es un joven excepcionalmente bien y debería ser un buen marido. Pero le sugiero que complete su educación primera.

You are twenty-one, a grown-up young lady old enough to make up your own mind. This is something you’ll have to work out yourself. As your uncle, I have always tried not to interfere in your affairs and I don’t intend to begin now. Usted está veintiún años, una joven adulta edad suficiente para tomar su propia decisión. Esto es algo que tendrá que trabajar por ti mismo. A medida que su tío, siempre he tratado de no interferir en sus asuntos y no tiene la intención de empezar ahora.

But, my dear niece, please do consider my words very carefully before you decide. Whatever you do, though, Ellen, you know I only want one thing for you, and that is your happiness. Pero, mi querida sobrina, por favor, considere mis palabras con mucho cuidado antes de decidir. Hagas lo que hagas, sin embargo, Ellen, tú sabes que yo sólo quiero una cosa para ti, y que es su felicidad.

Affectionately,

Uncle Tim

Questions

1. What was Ellen’s uncle surprised about?

2. How much longer did Ellen have to study to complete her education at the university?

3. What was Ellen’s uncle’s opinion of Peter?

4. What did he advise Ellen to do?

5. What was the one thing that Ellen’s uncle wanted for her?

6. Do you think Ellen should wait or marry Peter this summer?

Conversation

GEORGE: Jack, would you please read this letter of application I’ve just written? I’d like to have your opinion. JACK: I’d be glad to tell you what I think. GEORGE: If you don’t think it’s any good, please say so. I really want to get this job. JACK: It looks fine to me. But I have one suggestion. GEORGE: Good! I’m interested in your advice. JACK: If I were you I’d change the beginning. You should write about your education first. GEORGE: Good idea, Jack. What do you think about the second part? JACK: Now that you’ve asked me, I think it’s too short. You should include much more information about your work experience. GEORGE: You’re right. I’ll change it. How do you feel about the last part of the letter? JACK: Very good. But, unless I miss my guess, you should say something about your family, too. GEORGE: I agree. I appreciate your helping me, Jack. Do you think the end is all right? JACK: Oh, yes, George. But personally I believe a business letter should end with “Very truly yours”, not “Sincerely”. GEORGE: I guess I’d better tear up the letter and start over again. JACK: Oh, don’t do that, George! Just make the few changes I suggested, and your letter will be perfect!

Word List

alone

beginning

breath

cautiously

energy

entirely

fatherly

favorable

intelligent

matter

mature

motherly

responisbility

simple

smart

suggestion คำแนะนำ

unless

Verb Forms

care (for)

figure out

interfere (in)

please

proceed

regret

solve

start over

tear up, tore up

waste

work out

Expressions

as far as I can tell

be concerned

be offended

be well advised

be worth

get mad

get upset

have (any) say in

have (nothing) to do with

in general

miss (one’s) guess

none of (one’s) business

on (one’s) own

take advice

take it

take offense

wait and see

waste (one’s) breath

Supplementary Word List

(Conversation and Reading Practice)

education

happiness

Very truly yours

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