Module 6, Unit 1

“Countries and Nationalities”

Base Sentences – (751-765)

751 What’s your nationality? Are you American?

751 Cuál es su nacionalidad? ¿Es usted americano?

752 What part of the world do you come from?

752 ¿Qué parte del mundo vienes?

753 I’m an American by birth.

753 Soy un americano de nacimiento.

754 I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France.

754 Nací en España, pero soy un ciudadano de Francia.

755 Do you know what the population of Japan is?

755 ¿Sabes lo que la población de Japón es?

756 What’s the area of the Congo in square miles?

756 ¿Cuál es el área del Congo en millas cuadradas?

757 Who is the governor of this state?

757 ¿Quién es el gobernador de este estado?

758 According to the latest census, our population has increased.

758 Según el último censo, la población ha aumentado.

759 Politically, the country is divided into fifty states.

759 Políticamente, el país está dividido en cincuenta estados.

760 The industrial area is centered largely in the north.

760 La zona industrial se centra principalmente en el norte.

761 The country is rich in natural resources. It has mineral deposits.

761 El país es rico en recursos naturales. Cuenta con yacimientos minerales.

762 This nation is noted for its economic stability.

762 Este país se caracteriza por su estabilidad económica.

763 How old do you have to be to vote in the national elections?

763 ¿Cuántos años debes tener para poder votar en las elecciones nacionales?

764 Today we celebrate our day of independence. It’s a national holiday.

764 Hoy celebramos el día de la independencia. Es un día de fiesta nacional.

765 My home is in the capital. It’s a cosmopolitan city.

765 Mi casa está en la capital. Es una ciudad cosmopolita.

Verb Study

1. come (comes, came) from =

(A) What part of the world do you come from? (B) She comes from England, doesn’t she? (C) He came from East Africa, didn’t he? (A) What part of the world do you come from? (B) She comes from England, doesn’t she? (C) He came from East Africa, didn’t he?

2. be (was, were) born =

(A) I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France. (B) He’s a native American. He was born in the United States. (C) Where were you born? (A) Nací en España, pero soy un ciudadano de Francia. (B) El es un nativo americano. Nació en los Estados Unidos. (C) ¿Dónde naciste?

3. increase (increased, increases) =

(A) According to the latest census, our population has increased. (B) In some cities, the population increases each year. (C) Will the population increase very much during the next ten years? (A) De acuerdo con el último censo, la población ha aumentado. (B) En algunas ciudades, la población aumenta cada año. (C) ¿La población aumenta mucho durante los próximos diez años?

4. be (is, were) divided into =

(A) Politically, the country is divided into fifty states. (B) The United States is now divided into fifty states. (C) The people were divided in their opinions about the issue. (A) Políticamente, el país está dividido en cincuenta estados. (B) Los Estados Unidos está dividido en cincuenta estados. (C) Las personas que se dividieron en sus opiniones sobre el tema.

5. be (is, will be) centered = 

(A) The industrial area is centered largely in the north. (B) According to the new plans, the cultural area will be centered around this section of the city. (C) Isn’t the agricultural area centered in the south? (A) La zona industrial se centra principalmente en el norte. (B) De acuerdo con los nuevos planes, el área cultural se centrará en esta sección de la ciudad. (C) ¿No es la superficie agrícola centrada en el sur?

6. be (is, was, been) noted for = 

(A) This nation is noted for its economic stability. (B) Wasn’t he noted for his conservative views? (C) That country has always been noted for its natural resources. (A) Esta nación se caracteriza por su estabilidad económica. (B) ¿No era conocido por sus puntos de vista conservadores? (C) Este país siempre ha sido conocida por sus recursos naturales.

7. vote (voting, voted) =

(A) How old do you have to be to vote in the national elections? (B) Helen is voting in the elections for the first time this year. (C) You voted in the last national elections, didn’t you? (D) How did you vote? Did you vote for or against Mr. Smith? (A) ¿Cuántos años debes tener para poder votar en las elecciones nacionales? (B) Helen va a votar en las elecciones por primera vez este año. (C) Usted votó en las últimas elecciones nacionales, ¿no? (D) ¿Cómo se vota? ¿Usted votó a favor o en contra del señor Smith?

8. celebrate (celebrating, celebrated, celebrates) = 

(A) Today we celebrate our day of independence. (B) What is it we’re celebrating tonight? (C) Last week Mr. and Mrs. Cooper celebrated their wedding anniversary. (D) She celebrates her birthday in September. (A) Hoy celebramos nuestro día de la independencia. (B) ¿Qué es lo que estamos celebrando esta noche? (C) La semana pasada, el señor y la señora Cooper celebraron su aniversario de boda. (D) Se celebra su cumpleaños en septiembre.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a What’s your nationality? Are you American ?

1b What’s your nationality? Are you Spanish ?

1c What’s your nationality? Are you French ?

1d What’s your nationality? Are you Congolese ?

1e What’s your nationality? Are you Japanese ?

2a What part of the world do you come from?

2b What geographical area of the world do you come from?

2c What place in the world do you come from?

2d What kind of climate do you come from?

3a I’m an American by birth . What’s your nationality?

3b I’m a naturalized American . What’s your nationality?

3c I’m a native Australian . What’s your nationality?

4a I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France .

4b I was born in Spain, but I grew up in South America .

4c I was born in Spain, but my father was from Korea .

4d I was born in Spain, but I don’t have Spanish citizenship .

4e I was born in Spain, but I have retained Burmese citizenship .

5a Do you know what the population of Japan is?

5b Do you know what the population of the U.S. is?

5c Do you know what the population of the Philippines is?

5d Do you know what the population of Indonesia is?

5e Do you know what the population of Thailand is?

6a What’s the area of the Congo in square miles ?

6b What’s the area of the Congo in square meters ?

6c What’s the area of the Congo in hectares ?

6d What’s the area of the Congo in acres of land ?

7a Who’s the governor of this state ?

7b Who’s the head of this government ?

7c Who’s the mayor of this city ?

7d Who’s the president of this republic ?

7e Who’s the chief of state of this nation ?

7f Who’s the leader of this political party ?

8a According to the latest census, our population has increased .

8b According to the latest census, our population has decreased .

8c According to the latest census, our population has remained the same .

8d According to the latest census, our population has declined .

9a Politically , the country is divided into fifty states .

9b Geographically , the country is divided into ten regions .

9c Culturally , the country is divided into two sections .

9d Industrially ,the country is divided into three major areas .

10a The industrial area is centered largely in the north.

10b The agricultural region is centered largely in the north.

10c The farm area is centered largely in the north.

10d The petroleum region is centered largely in the north.

10e The mining area is centered largely in the north.

11a The country is rich in natural resources. It has mineral deposits .

11b The country is rich in natural resources. It has iron ore .

11c The country is rich in natural resources. It has petroleum .

11d The country is rich in natural resources. It has timber reserves .

11e The country is rich in natural resources. It has water resources .

12a This nation is noted for its economic stability .

12b This nation is noted for its political stability .

12c This nation is noted for its economic development .

12d This nation is noted for its scientific accomplishments .

12e This nation is noted for its advanced technology .

12f This nation is noted for its natural resources .

12g This nation is noted for its indigenous music .

13a How old do you have to be to vote in the national elections ?

13b How old do you have to be to become president of the country ?

13c How old do you have to be to become a senator ?

13d How old do you have to be to be the president of a university ?

13e How old do you have to be to drive a car ?

14a Today we celebrate our day of Independence . It’s a national holiday.

14b Today we celebrate Independence Day . It’s a national holiday.

14c Today we celebrate Christmas . It’s a national holiday.

14d Today we celebrate Thanksgiving . It’s a national holiday.

14e Today we celebrate our nations’s birth . It’s a national holiday.

15a My home is in the capital. It’s a cosmopolitan city .

15b My home is in the capital. It’s an industrial center .

15c My home is in the capital. It’s a large metropolitan area .

15d My home is in the capital. It’s a small provincial town .

15e My home is in the capital. It’s quite an interesting place .

15f My home is in the capital. It’s an historic city .

Reading Practice

The United States covers a large part of the North American continent. Its neighbors are Canada to the north, and Mexico to the south. Although the United States is a big country, it is not the largest in the world. In 1964, its population was over 185,000,000. Los Estados Unidos cubre una gran parte del continente norteamericano. Sus vecinos son el Canadá al norte y México al sur. Aunque Estados Unidos es un gran país, no es la más grande del mundo. En 1964, su población era de más de 185 millones.

When this land first became a nation, after winning its independence from England, it had thirteen states. Each of the states was represented on the American flag by a star. All these states were in the eastern part of the continent. As the nation grew toward the west, new states were added and new stars appeared on the flag. For a long time, there were 48 states. In 1959, however, two more stars were added to the flag, representing, the new states of Alaska and Hawaii. Cuando la tierra se convirtió primero en una nación, después de ganar su independencia de Inglaterra, que tenía trece estados. Cada uno de los estados estaban representados en la bandera de Estados Unidos por una estrella. Todos estos estados se encontraban en la parte oriental del continente. A medida que la nación creció hacia el oeste, se añadieron nuevos Estados y nuevas estrellas aparecían en la bandera. Durante mucho tiempo, había 48 estados. En 1959, sin embargo, se agregaron dos estrellas más a la bandera, que representa, los nuevos estados de Alaska y Hawai.

Indians were the first inhabitants of the land which is now the United States. There are still many thousands of the descendants of these original inhabitants living in all parts of the country. Sometimes it is said that the Indians are “the only real Americans.” Los indios fueron los primeros habitantes de la tierra que ahora es Estados Unidos. Todavía hay muchos miles de los descendientes de estos primeros habitantes que viven en todas partes del país. A veces se dice que los indios son “los únicos verdaderos americanos”.

Most Americans, however, are descendants of people who came from all over the world to find a new life in a new land. Those who came first and in greatest numbers to make their homes on the eastern coast of North America were mostly from England. It is for that reason that the language of the United States is English and that its culture and customs are more like those of England than of any other country in the world. La mayoría de los estadounidenses, sin embargo, son descendientes de personas que vinieron de todas partes del mundo para encontrar una nueva vida en una nueva tierra. Los que llegaron primero y en mayor cantidad para hacer sus casas en la costa oriental de América del Norte eran en su mayoría de Inglaterra. Es por eso que el lenguaje de los Estados Unidos es el Inglés y que su cultura y sus costumbres se parecen más a las de Inglaterra que de cualquier otro país del mundo.

Questions

1. What countries are neighbors of the United States?

2. How many states were there at the beginning? How many are there now?

3. How are the states represented on the American flag?

4. Who were the first inhabitants of America?

5. Why are the customs and culture of the United States more like those of England than of any other country?

Word List

accomplishment

This nation is noted for its scientific accomplishments

advanced

agricultural

Isn’t the agricultural area centered in the south? (VS-5c)

area

What’s the area of the Congo in square miles?

birth (GSL-1176)

capital (GSL-866)

census

According to the latest census, our population has increased.

center (GSL-219)

citizen (GSL-869)

I was born in Spain, but I’m a citizen of France.

citizenship

climate

cosmopolitan

culturally

deposit

economic

election (GSL-818)

geographical

geographically

governor (GSL-877)

Who is the governor of this state?

government

hectare

historic

independence

indigenous

industrial

industrially

iron (GSL-1336)

its

largely

late (GSL-159)

later

latest

leader

mayor

meter

metropolitan

mineral (GSL-1792)

mining

nation (GSL-115)

national

nationality

(751) What’s your nationality? Are you American?

natural

The county is rich in natural resources. It has mineral deposits.

naturalized

ore

petroleum

political (GSL-426)

politically

political party

population (GSL-742)

Do you know what the population of Japan is?

president (GSL-258)

provincial

region

republic (GSL-1424)

reserve (GSL-1026)

resource

rich (GSL-1007)

scientific (GSL-1034)

section

senator

stability

(762) This nation is noted for its economic stability.

technology

timber

Verb Forms

celebrate

(764) Today we celebrate our day of independence.

It’s a national holiday.

center (in)

(760) The industrial area is centered largely in the north.

decline

decrease (GSL-1603)

divide (GSL-1065)

(759) Politically, the country is divided into fifty states.

increase (GSL-195)

remain (GSL-348)

retain

vote (GSL-627)

Expressions

be noted (for)

noted () adj. He is a noted author. This town is noted for its beautiful temple.

chief of state

head of government

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