Module 6, Unit 10

“Music and Literature”

Base Sentences – (886-900)

886 What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like jazz?

886 ¿Cuál es tu tipo favorito de música? ¿Te gusta el jazz?

887 He’s a composer of serious music. I like his music a lot.

887 Él es un compositor de música seria. Me gusta su música mucho.

888 We went to a concert last night to hear the symphony orchestra.

888 Fuimos a un concierto anoche para escuchar la orquesta sinfónica.

889 My brother took lessons on the trumpet for nearly ten years.

889 Mi hermano tomó lecciones de la trompeta durante casi diez años.

890 You play the piano beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

890 Tocas el piano maravillosamente. ¿Cuánto practicar todos los días?

891 I’ve never heard that piece before. Who wrote it?

891 Nunca he escuchado esa pieza antes. ¿Quién lo escribió?

892 Have you ever thought about becoming a professional musician?

892 ¿Alguna vez has pensado en convertirse en un músico profesional?

893 Who is the author of this novel?

893 ¿Quién es el autor de esta novela?

894 I’ve never read a more stirring story.

894 Nunca he leído una historia más conmovedora.

895 Who would you name as the greatest poet of our times?

895 ¿A quién nombrar como el más grande poeta de nuestro tiempo?

896 This poetry is realistic. I don’t care for it very much.

896 Esta poesía es realista. No me importa por mucho.

897 Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive.

897 Muchos grandes escritores no fueron apreciadas plenamente mientras estaban vivos.

898 This is a poem about frontier life in the United States.

898 Se trata de un poema sobre la vida en la frontera de los Estados Unidos.

899 This writer uses vivid descriptions in his writings.

899 Este escritor utiliza descripciones vívidas en sus escritos.

900 How much do you know about the works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow?

900 ¿Cuánto sabe usted acerca de las obras de Henry Wadsworth Longfellow?

Verb Study

1. practice => practiced, practicing, practices

(A) You play the piano beautifully. How much do you practice every day? (B) My brother practices his violin an hour a day. (C) He practiced two hours yesterday. (D) If you want to be a professional musician, you must practice every day. (A) Se juega el piano maravillosamente. ¿Cuánto practicar todos los días? (B) Mi hermano practica el violín una hora al día. (C) Practicó dos horas ayer. (D) Si quieres ser un músico profesional, se debe practicar todos los días.

2. name => named, naming, names {name…as}

(A) Who would you name as the greatest writer of our times? (B) They named him ambassador last week. (C) I wonder who they will name as the poet of the year. (D) What did they name the baby? (A) ¿A quién nombrar como el más grande escritor de nuestro tiempo? (B) Lo llamaron embajador semana pasada. (C) Me pregunto a quién van a nombrar como el poeta del año. (D) ¿Qué hicieron nombrar al bebé??

3. care (for) =

(A) This poetry is very realistic. I don’t care for it very much. (B) I read the novel last night, but I didn’t care for it at all. (C) Do you care for this kind of music? Personally, I don’t like jazz. (A) Esta poesía es muy realista. No me importa por mucho. (B) Leí la novela la noche anterior, pero no me importó en absoluto. (C) ¿Te importa para este tipo de música? Personalmente, no me gusta el jazz.

4. appreciate, be appreciated =

(A) Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive. (B) How can I appreciate poetry if I don’t understand it? (C) Do you think his music was appreciated while he was alive? (D) Thank you for helping me. I really appreciate your advice. (A) Muchos grandes escritores no fueron apreciadas plenamente mientras estaban vivos. (B) ¿Cómo se puede apreciar la poesía si no lo entiendo? (C) ¿Cree usted que su música se aprecia cuando estaba vivo? (D) Gracias por ayudarme. Realmente aprecio su consejo.

5. use =

(A) This writer uses vivid descriptions in his writings. (B) I’d like to use the piano when you’re finished practicing. (C) I didn’t use your book. I have my own book. (D) You have to use your own judgment. I can’t make this decision for you. (A) El escritor utiliza descripciones vívidas en sus escritos. (B) Me gustaría utilizar el piano cuando haya terminado de practicar. (C) no usar el libro. Yo tengo mi propio libro. (D) Usted tiene que usar su propio juicio. No puedo tomar esa decisión por ti.

6. accept =

(A) Many people don’t accept modern music because they don’t understand it. (B) I can’t accept your advice in this matter. This is something I must decide on my own. (C) I haven’t accepted his suggestion yet. I’m still considering it. (A) Muchas personas no aceptan la música moderna, ya que no lo entienden. (B) No puedo aceptar tu consejo en este asunto. Esto es algo que tengo que decidir por mi cuenta. (C) No he aceptado su propuesta todavía. Todavía estoy considerando.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like jazz ?

1b What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like popular music?

1c What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like classical music?

1d What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like folk songs?

1e What’s your favorite kind of music? Do you like blues?

2a He’s a composer of serious music. I like his music a lot.

2b He’s a composer of popular songs. I like his music a lot.

2c He’s a composer of church hymns. I like his music a lot.

2d He’s a composer of sacred music. I like his music a lot.

2e He’s a composer of folk ballads. I like his music a lot.

3a We went to a concert last night to hear the symphony orchestra.

3b We went to a concert last night to hear the U.S. Navy band.

3c We went to a concert last night to hear a famous violinist.

3d We went to a concert last night to hear a well-known pianist.

4a My brother took lessons on the trumpet for nearly ten years.

4b My brother took lessons on the flute for nearly ten years.

4c My brother took lessons on the clarinet for nearly ten years.

4d My brother took lessons on the trombone for nearly ten years.

4e My brother took lessons on the saxophone for nearly ten years.

4f My brother took lessons on the cello for nearly ten years.

4g My brother took lessons on the drums for nearly ten years.

5a You play the piano beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5b You play the organ beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5c You play the violin beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5d You play the harp beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

5e You play the guitar beautifully. How much do you practice every day?

6a I’ve never heard that piece before. Who wrote it?

6b I’ve never heard that composition before. Who wrote it?

6c I’ve never heard that song before. Who wrote it?

6d I’ve never heard that music before. Who wrote it?

6e I’ve never heard that melody before. Who wrote it?

6f I’ve never heard that concerto before. Who wrote it?

7a Have you ever thought of becoming a professional musician?

7b Have you ever thought of playing for an orchestra?

7c Have you ever thought of joining a dance band?

7d Have you ever thought of playing in a string quartet?

7e Have you ever thought of giving a recital?

8a Who is the author of this novel?

8b Who is the author of this mystery story?

8c Who is the author of this biography?

8d Who is the author of this short story?

8e Who is the author of this play?

8f Who is the author of this essay?

9a I’ve never read a more stirring story.

9b I’ve never read a more exciting story.

9c I’ve never read a more stimulating story.

9d I’ve never read a more thrilling story.

9e I’ve never read a more fascinating story.

10a Who would you name as the greatest poet of our times?

10b Who would you name as the greatest writer of our times?

10c Who would you name as the greatest novelist of our times?

10d Who would you name as the greatest playwright of our times?

11a This poetry is realistic . I don’t care for it very much.

11b This poetry is unrealistic. I don’t care for it very much.

11c This poetry is impressionistic. I don’t care for it very much.

11d This poetry is sentimental. I don’t care for it very much.

11e This poetry is romantic. I don’t care for it very much.

12a Many great writers were not appreciated fully while they were alive.

12b Many great writers were not understood fully while they were alive.

12c Many great writers were not accepted fully while they were alive.

13a This is a poem about frontier life in the United States.

13b This is a poem about pioneer days in the United States.

13c This is a poem about rural customs in the United States.

13d This is a poem about city life in the United States.

14a This writer uses vivid descriptions in his writings.

14b This writer uses a lot of humor in his writings.

14c This writer uses many metaphors in his writings.

14e This writer uses imagination and artistry in his writings.

15a How much do you know about the works of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow ?

15b How much do you know about the works of great literary figures ?

15c How much do you know about the works of contemporary writers ?

Reading Practice

Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) 1835-1910

No author in American literature is better known or more loved than Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Born in Missouri in 1835, he grew up on the banks of the Mississippi River and later adopted the pen name of “Mark Twain” from the call of the boatmen on the Mississippi as they measured the depth of the river. Ningún autor en la literatura americana es más conocido o más amaba a Samuel Langhorne Clemens. Nacido en Missouri en 1835, creció en las orillas del río Mississippi, y más tarde adoptó el seudónimo de “Mark Twain” de la llamada de los barqueros en el Mississippi, ya que mide la profundidad del río.

The river environment inspired the two novels which brought him his greatest fame: Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Another book, Life on the Mississippi, told of his adventures on the riverboats of that period. El entorno del río inspiró las dos novelas que lo llevaron a su mayor fama: Tom Sawyer y Huckleberry Finn. Otro libro, Vida en el Mississippi, contó sus aventuras en las barcas de la época.

It was during the Civil War that Mark Twain’s life as a writer started. At that time he was working as a newspaper man in Nevada and California. His short story, “The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County,” was an immediate success and his new career began. Fue durante la Guerra Civil que la vida de Mark Twain como escritor comenzó. En ese momento estaba trabajando como un periodista en Nevada y California. Su cuento, “La célebre rana saltarina del condado de Calaveras”, fue un éxito inmediato y comenzó su nueva carrera.

In 1870, Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon. He had fallen in love with her picture even before he met her. According to his biographers, his wife had a great influence on Twain’s later books. En 1870, Mark Twain se casó con Olivia Langdon. Se había enamorado de su imagen, incluso antes de conocerla. Según sus biógrafos, su esposa tuvo una gran influencia en los últimos libros de Twain.

Mark Twain was also a very successful lecturer. His travels around the country giving talks on variety of subjects helped make him famous and increased the sale of his books. Mark Twain fue también profesor muy exitoso. Sus viajes por el país dando charlas sobre diversos temas ayudaron a hacerlo famoso y el aumento de la venta de sus libros.

Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn are considered Twain’s best works. They are marked by humor and satire and provide his readers with an excellent picture of his era. His last book was completed in 1909, one year before his death. He was then 74 years old. Tom Sawyer y Huckleberry Finn se consideran las mejores obras de Twain. Están marcados por el humor y la sátira y proporcionar a sus lectores con una excelente imagen de su época. Su último libro fue terminado en 1909, un año antes de su muerte. Tenía entonces 74 años.

Questions

1. Where did Mark Twain grow up?

2. What was his real name?

3. Name three of Mark Twain’s writings.

4. How did Mark Twain fall in love with his wife?

5. Besides writing, what else did Mark Twain do?

6. What two books are considered Twain’s best works?

WORD LIST

artistry arte The artistry of Andres Segovia is legendary.

author Ernest Hemingway was a great author.

ballad Folk ballads are popular among country people.

beautifully

biography Did you listen to the biography of Ernest Hemingway?

blues

cello violonchelo I play the cello..

classical clásico Classical music..

composer compositor This composer..

composition composición This composition..

concert concierto This concert..

concerto concierto This concerto..

contemporary contemporáneo This is a contemporary..

custom costumbre Is it your custom to

drum tambor This drum

essay ensayo My essay

fascinating facinante That is ..

figure averiguar This figure is

flute flauta She plays the flute.

folk folk He likes folk music.

frontier frontera The frontier life

fully completamente It’s fully operational

great, greater, greatest

guitar

harp

humor

hymn

imagination

impressionistic

jazz

literary

melody

metaphor

musician

novelist

orchestra

pianist

piece

pioneer

playwright

poet

poetry

popular

quartet

realistic

romantic

rural

sacred

saxophone

sentimental

short story

song

stimulating

stirring

string

symphony

thrilling

trombone

unrealistic

violinist

vivid

well-known

works

VERB FORMS

join

name

practice

EXPRESSIONS

be alive

give a recital

take lessons