Module 6, Unit 3

“Schools and Education”

Base Sentences – (781-795)

781 Children enter school at the age of five, don’t they?

781 niños entran a la escuela a la edad de cinco años, ¿no es así?

782 In elementary school, the child learns to read and write.

782 En la escuela primaria, el niño aprende a leer y escribir.

783 In secondary school, children get more advanced knowledge.

783 En la escuela secundaria, los niños obtener conocimientos más avanzados.

784 In universities, students train to become teachers and engineers.

784 En las universidades, los estudiantes se entrenan para convertirse en profesores e ingenieros.

785 He went to grade school in New York and high school in Chicago.

785 Fue a la escuela primaria en Nueva York y la escuela secundaria en Chicago.

786 In college I majored in science. What was your major?

786 En la universidad me especialicé en la ciencia. ¿Cuál era tu especialidad?

787 My sister graduated from high school. Graduation was last night.

787 Mi hermana se graduó de la escuela secundaria. La graduación fue anoche.

788 I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Arts, degree.

788 Soy un graduado de la Universidad de Yale. Tengo una licenciatura, grado.

789 If you expect to enter the university, you should apply now.

789 Si va a entrar en la universidad, se debe aplicar ahora.

790 This is my first year of college. I’m a freshman.

790 Este es mi primer año de universidad. Soy un estudiante de primer año.

791 My uncle is a high school principal.

791 Mi tío es un director de escuela secundaria.

792 What kind of grades did you make in college?

792 ¿Qué tipo de calificaciones hiciste en la universidad?

793 During your first year of college, did you make straight A’s?

793 Durante su primer año de universidad, ¿hiciste una A?

794 My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches economics.

794 Mi hermano es un miembro de la facultad. Es profesor de economía.

795 John has extracurricular activities. He’s on the football team.

795 John tiene actividades extracurriculares. Está en el equipo de fútbol.

Verb Study

1. enter => entered, entering, enters

(A) Children enter kindergarten at the age of five don’t they? (B) My daughter enters the first grade this year. (C) John entered the university two years ago. (D) If you had entered college this year, would you be a freshman? (E) Our bus is entering New York city now. (A) Los niños ingresan al jardín, a la edad de cinco años ¿no? (B) Mi hija entra en el primer grado este año. (C) John entró en la universidad hace dos años. (D) Si hubieras entrado en la universidad este año, ¿sería un estudiante de primer año? (E) El bus está entrando en la ciudad de Nueva York ahora.

2. learn (to) =learned to, learning to, learns to

(A) In elementary school, the pupil learns to read and write. (B) What did you learn to do today? (C) Last year they learned to ride a bicycle. (D) I’m learning to speak a foreign language. (E) Didn’t you ever learn to drive a car? (A) En la escuela primaria, el alumno aprende a leer y escribir. (B) ¿Qué aprendiste a hacer hoy? (C) El año pasado aprendieron a andar en bicicleta. (D) estoy aprendiendo a hablar una lengua extranjera. (E) No ¿Alguna vez se aprende a conducir un coche?

3. read, write => [read, read], reading, reads; [wrote, written], writing, writes

(A) In elementary school, children learn to read and write, don’t they? (B) That little boy reads and writes very well for his age. (C) The students have already read the questions. Now they’re writing their answers. (D) I read my mail and then wrote some letters. (A) En la escuela primaria, los niños aprenden a leer y escribir, ¿no? (B) Que niño lee y escribe muy bien para su edad. (C) Los estudiantes que ya han leído las preguntas. Ahora están escribiendo sus respuestas. (D) que leo mi correo y luego escribí algunas letras.

4. train, teach => trained, training, trains; [taught, taught], teaching, teaches

(A) In colleges, students train to become doctors and engineers. (B) He’s been trained as a teacher. (C) My brother teaches economics. (D) He has taught on the faculty for nearly twenty years. (E) Mr. Cooper is teaching French. English is taught by Mr. Jones. (A) En las universidades, los estudiantes se entrenan para convertirse en médicos e ingenieros. (B) Ha sido entrenado como profesor. (C) Mi hermano enseña economía. (D) Ha sido profesor en la facultad desde hace casi veinte años. (E) El Sr. Cooper es la enseñanza de francés. Inglés es impartido por el Sr. Jones.

5. major (in) => majored in, majoring in, majors in

(A) In college I majored in science. What was your major? (B) I’m majoring in music. (C) When my father was in college, he majored in economics. (D) If she majors in French, I’m sure she’ll become a teacher. (A) En la universidad me especialicé en la ciencia. ¿Cuál era tu especialidad? (B) Estoy con especialización en música. (C) Cuando mi padre estaba en la universidad, se graduó en economía. (D) Si ella mayores en francés, estoy seguro de que va a convertirse en un maestro.

6. graduate (from) => graduated from, graduating from, graduates from

(A) My sister graduated from high school, and then went to college. (B) I’m going to graduate from college next year. (C) As soon as he graduates, he’s going to get a job. (D) Isn’t John graduating from college in June? (A) Mi hermana se graduó de la escuela secundaria, y luego fue a la universidad. (B) Me voy a graduar de la universidad el próximo año. (C) En cuanto se gradúe, que va a conseguir un trabajo. (D) ¿No es John se graduó de la universidad en junio?

7. expect to => expected to, expecting to, expects to

(A) If you expect to enter college in the fall, you should apply now. (B) Are you expecting to get good grades this year? (C) I expected my brother to go to college, but he didn’t. (D) If you had expected to enter college, you should have registered. (A) Si tiene previsto entrar en la universidad en el otoño, se debe aplicar ahora. (B) ¿Estás esperando a sacar buenas notas este año? (C) que esperaba mi hermano para ir a la universidad, pero no lo hizo. (D) Si usted esperaba para entrar en la universidad, usted debe haber registrado.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a Children enter school at the age of five, don’t they?

1b Children enter kindergarten at the age of five, don’t they?

1c Children enter grade school at the age of five, don’t they?

1d Children enter elementary school at the age of five, don’t they?

1e Children enter the first grade at the age of five, don’t they?

1f Children enter pre-school classes at the age of five, don’t they?

1g Children enter nursery school at the age of five, don’t they?

2a In elementary school, the child learns to read and write.

2b In elementary school, the child learns to work with numbers.

2c In elementary school, the child learns to study.

3a In secondary school, children get more advanced knowledge.

3b In secondary school, children study mathematics, physics and chemistry.

3c In secondary school, children study history, geography and government.

3d In secondary school, children begin to concentrate on special interests.

4a In universities, students train to become teachers and engineers.

4b In universities, students train to become lawyers and dentists.

4c In universities, students train to become doctors and nurses.

5a He went to grade school in New York and high school in Chicago.

5b He went to grade school in New York and vocational school in Chicago.

5c He went to grade school in New York and an electronics school in Chicago.

5d He went to grade school in New York and a trade school in Chicago.

5e He went to grade school in New York and a private academy in Chicago.

6a In college I majored in science. What was your major?

6b In college I majored in math. What was your major?

6c In college I majored in physics. What was your major?

6d In college I majored in languages. What was your major?

6e In college I majored in history. What was your major?

6f In college I majored in economics. What was your major?

6h In college I majored in philosophy. What was your major?

7a My sister graduated from high school. Graduation was last night.

7b My sister graduated from college. Commencement was last night.

7c My sister graduated from a private school. The ceremony was last night.

8a I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Arts degree.

8b I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a B.A. degree.

8c I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Bachelor of Science degree.

8d I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Master of Arts degree.

8e I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have an M.S. degree.

8f I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Doctor of Philosophy degree.

8h I’m a graduate of Yale University. I have a Ph.D. degree.

9a Do you have a high school diploma?

9b Do you have a special diploma?

9c Do you have special credentials?

9d Do you have a college degree?

9e Do you have an honorary degree?

10a If you expect to enter the university, you should apply now.

10b If you expect to enter the university, you should register now.

10c If you expect to enter the university, you should make an application now.

10d If you expect to enter the university, you should go to the registrar’s office now.

10e If you expect to enter the university, you should enroll now.

11a This is my first year of college. I’m a freshman.

11b This is my second year of college. I’m a sophomore.

11c This is my third year of college. I’m a junior.

11d This is my fourth year of college. I’m a senior.

11e This is my third year of college. I’m an upperclassman.

11f This is my second year of college. I’m a lowerclassman.

12a My uncle is a high school principle. Do you know him?

12b My uncle is an elementary school head. Do you know him?

12c My uncle is a college president. Do you know him?

12d My uncle is a university dean. Do you know him?

12e My uncle is a gradulate lecturer. Do you know him?

12f My uncle is a faculty professor. Do you know him?

13a What kind of grades did you make in college?

13b What kind of grades did you make during your early school years?

13c What kind of grades did you make through high school?

13d What kind of grades did you make in your junior high school years?

14a During your first year of college, did you make straight A’s?

14b During your first year of college, did you make a B average?

14c During your first year of college, did you make many C’s?

14d During your first year of college, did you make the honor roll?

14e During your first year of college, did you make good grades?

14f During your first year of college, did you make poor grades?

15a My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches economics.

15b My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches psychology.

15c My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches pathology.

15d My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches computer mathematics.

15e My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches civil engineering.

15f My brother is a member of the faculty. He teaches electrical engineering.

16a John has extracurricular activities. He’s on the football team.

16b John has extracurricular activities. He’s president of his class.

16c John has extracurricular activities. He’s in the school band.

16d John has extracurricular activities. He’s editor of the school paper.

16e John has extracurricular activities. He’s active in sports.

Reading Practice

Life in the twentieth century demands preparation. Today, all individuals in a country must have adequate schooling to prepare them for their work as well as for their responsibilities as citizens. With this in mind, national leaders everywhere are placing more emphasis on the education of the young. La vida en el siglo XX exige preparación. Hoy en día, todos los individuos de un país deben tener una educación adecuada a fin de prepararlos para su trabajo como para sus responsabilidades como ciudadanos. Con esto en mente, los líderes nacionales de todo el mundo están poniendo más énfasis en la educación de los jóvenes.

In the United States, government officials, parents, and teachers are working hard to give the children—tomorrow’s decision makers—the best preparation available. There is no national school policy in the United States. Each of the fifty states makes its own rules and regulations for its schools, but there are many similarities among the fifty school systems. En Estados Unidos, los funcionarios del gobierno, los padres y los maestros están trabajando duro para darle la decisión de la mañana los niños-los responsables-la mejor preparación disponible. No existe una política escolar nacional en los Estados Unidos. Cada uno de los cincuenta estados tiene sus propias normas y reglamentos de las escuelas, pero hay muchas similitudes entre los sistemas escolares cincuenta.

Public schools in all states are supported by taxes paid by the citizens of the individual state. In most states the children are required to attend school until they reach the age of sixteen. When they become six years old, children begin elementary school. Las escuelas públicas en todos los estados son compatibles con los impuestos pagados por los ciudadanos del estado individual. En la mayoría de los estados se requiere que los niños asistan a la escuela hasta que alcancen la edad de dieciséis años. Cuando se convierten en seis años de edad, los niños comienzan la escuela primaria.

After six years in elementary school, they go into junior high school and remain there for three years. The last three years of their public school education are spent in senior high school, from which they graduate at the age of eighteen. Después de seis años en la escuela primaria, que entran en la escuela secundaria y permanecen allí durante tres años. Los últimos tres años de su educación en escuelas públicas se gasten en la escuela secundaria, de la que se gradúan a la edad de dieciocho años.

A great number of high school graduates continue their education in one of the many colleges or universities in the country. After four years, they receive a bachelor’s degree. Some continue studying for a master’s degree and perhaps a doctor’s degree. Un gran número de graduados de secundaria continuar su educación en uno de los muchos colegios o universidades en el país. Después de cuatro años, que reciben un título de licenciatura. Algunos continúan estudiando para una maestría y tal vez un título de doctor.

Questions

1. At what age does a child in the United States enter elementary school?

2. Are public schools in the United States free to the students? Why?

3. How long does the law require that a student go to school in most states?

4. At what age do most students graduate from high school?

5. Why is education so important today?

Word List

academy

active

activity

average

band

chemistry

civil engineering

college

commencement

computer mathematics

credentials

dean

degree

diploma

early

economics

editor

electrical engineering

electronics

elementary school

extracurricular

faculty

football

freshman

grade

grade school

graduate

graduation

high school

honorary

honor roll

interests

junior

junior high school

kindergarten

knowledge

lecturer

lowerclassman

major

math

member

nursery school

paper

pathology

philosophy

physics

poor

pre-school

principal

psychology

registrar

science

secondary school

senior

sophomore

special

sports

trade school

upperclassman

vocational school

Verb Forms

concentrate

enter

graduate (from)

major (in)

register

teach, taught (p. and p. part.)

train

University Degrees

B.A. = Bachelor of Arts

B.S. = Bachelor of Science

M.A. = Master of Arts

M.S. = Master of Science

Ph.D. = Doctor of Philosophy

Expressions –

make grades

make straight A’s