Module 6, Unit 4

“Work and Careers”

Base Sentences – (769-810)

796 I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Labor.

796 Yo soy un empleado federal. Yo trabajo para el Departamento de Trabajo.

797 What kind of work do you do? Are you a salesman?

797 ¿Qué tipo de trabajo hace usted? ¿Es usted un vendedor?

798 As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller.

798 En cuanto termine mi entrenamiento, me voy a ser un cajero de banco.

799 John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel.

799 John ha construido su propio negocio. Es dueño de un hotel.

800 What do you want to be when you grow up? Have you decided yet?

800 ¿Qué quieres ser cuando seas grande? ¿Te has decidido ya?

801 I like painting, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

801 Me gusta la pintura, pero no me gustaría que fuera el trabajo de mi vida.

802 Have you ever thought about a career in the medical profession?

802 ¿Alguna vez has pensado en una carrera en la profesión médica?

803 My uncle was a pilot with the airlines. He just retired.

803 Mi tío era un piloto con las compañías aéreas. Él acaba de jubilarse.

804 My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of major.

804 Mi hermano está en el ejército. Estaba ascendido al rango de mayor.

805 I have a good-paying job with excellent hours.

805 Tengo un trabajo bien pagado, con excelentes horas.

806 My sister worked as a secretary before she got married.

806 Mi hermana trabajaba como secretaria antes de casarse.

807 George’s father is an attorney. He has his own practice.

807 Padre de George es un abogado. Él tiene su propia práctica.

808 He always takes pride in his work. He’s very efficient.

808 Él siempre se enorgullece de su trabajo. Él es muy eficiente.

809 Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor.

809 El Sr. Smith es un político. Él está corriendo para la elección de gobernador.

810 After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador.

810 Después de una exitosa carrera en los negocios, fue nombrado embajador.

Verb Study

1. work =

(A) I work for the Department of Labor. (B) I’ve worked here for more than fifteen years. (C) My sister works for the airlines. She’s a secretary. (D) I’m working late tonight. (A) Yo trabajo para el Departamento de Trabajo. (B) He trabajado aquí durante más de quince años. (C) Mi hermana trabaja para las compañías aéreas. Ella es una secretaria. (D) que estoy trabajando hasta tarde esta noche.

2. complete =

(A) When I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller. (B) Betty Cole completed her work late last night. (C) If he completes his training, he’s going to be a doctor. (D) I’m completing my training this month. (A) Cuando terminé mi entrenamiento, voy a ser un cajero de banco. (B) Betty Cole completó su trabajo ayer por la noche. (C) Si completa su entrenamiento, él va a ser médico. (D) Estoy completando mi formación en este mes.

3. build up =

(A) John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel. (B) He has a successful business. He built it up himself. (C) You have to work hard to build up your own business. (D) He was successful in building up his own business. (A) John ha construido su propio negocio. Es dueño de un hotel. (B) Tiene un negocio de éxito. Se construyó a sí mismo. (C) Hay que trabajar duro para construir su propio negocio. (D) Tuvo éxito en la construcción de su propio negocio.

4. retire =

(A) My uncle was a pilot with the airlines. He just retired last month. (B) Are you going to retire this year? (C) When he retires, he’s going to Florida. (D) My father retired last year after working for 35 years. (A) Mi tío era un piloto con las compañías aéreas. Él sólo se retiró el mes pasado. (B) ¿Va a jubilarse este año? (C) Cuando se retire, que va a Florida. (D) Mi padre se retiró el año pasado después de trabajar durante 35 años.

5. be promoted =

(A) My brother was just promoted to the rank of lieutenant. (B) When he’s promoted again, he’ll be a captain. (C) John is being promoted to the rank of major this month. (D) Mr. Jones has been promoted. He’s now the office manager. (A) Mi hermano estaba ascendido al grado de teniente. (B) Cuando ha ascendido de nuevo, va a ser un capitán. (C) John está siendo promovido al rango de comandante de este mes. (D) El Sr. Jones ha sido promovido. Él es ahora el director de la oficina.

6. run (for) =

(A) Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor. (B) You ran for election as governor in 1958, didn’t you? (C) If he runs for election, he’ll be elected governor. (D) If you had run for election, I’m sure you would have won. (A) El Sr. Smith es un político. Él está corriendo para la elección de gobernador. (B) Se ejecutó para la elección de gobernador en 1958, ¿no? (C) Si se queda a las elecciones, que va a ser elegido gobernador. (D) Si hubieras a las elecciones, estoy seguro de que habría ganado.

7. be appointed =

(A) After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador. (B) When were you appointed president of the university? (C) If you were to be appointed ambassador, what country would you like to go to? (D) George is being appointed the new ambassador to this country. (A) Después de una exitosa carrera en los negocios, fue nombrado embajador. (B) ¿Cuándo fue nombrado presidente de la universidad? (C) Si usted fuera a ser nombrado embajador, qué país te gustaría ir? (D) George se nombró al nuevo embajador de este país.

Word/Phrase Substitution Drills

1a I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Labor .

1b I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Commerce .

1c I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Agriculture .

1d I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of State .

1e I’m a federal employee. I work for the Department of Justice .

2a What kind of work do you do? Are you a salesman?

2b What kind of work do you do? Are you a truck driver?

2c What kind of work do you do? Are you a bus driver?

2d What kind of work do you do? Are you a department store clerk?

2e What kind of work do you do? Are you a government worker?

3a As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bank teller.

3b As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a missile expert.

3c As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a pilot.

3d As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a hotel manager.

3e As soon as I complete my training, I’m going to be a bookkeeper.

4a John has built up his own business. He owns a hotel.

4b John has built up his own business. He has a taxicab company.

4c John has built up his own business. He manages a shoe factory.

4d John has built up his own business. He is a florist.

4e John has built up his own business. He has a barbershop.

4f John has built up his own business. He runs a restaurant.

5a What do you want to be when you grow up ? Have you decided yet?

5b What do you want to be after you’re on your own? Have you decided yet?

5c What do you want to be when you finish your training? Have you decided yet?

5d What do you want to be after you finish school? Have you decided yet?

6a I like painting, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6b I like working in an office, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6c I like writing, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6d I like music, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

6e I like teaching swimming, but I wouldn’t want it to be my life’s work.

7a Have you ever thought about a career in the medical profession?

7b Have you ever thought about a career in the legal profession?

7c Have you ever thought about a career in electronics?

7d Have you ever thought about a career in medicine?

7e Have you ever thought about a career in the air force?

7f Have you ever thought about a career in the army?

7g Have you ever thought about a career in the navy?

8a My uncle was a pilot with the airlines . He just retired .

8b My uncle was a policeman with the police department. He just retired .

8c My uncle was a fireman with the fire department. He just retired .

8d My uncle was a singer with the opera company. He just retired .

8e My uncle was a conductor with the railroad. He just retired .

9a My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of major.

9b My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of colonel.

9c My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of general.

9d My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of lieutenant.

9e My brother’s in the army. He was just promoted to the rank of captain.

10a I have a good-paying job with excellent hours .

10b I have a good-paying job with good working conditions.

10c I have a good-paying job with a vacation every year.

10d I have a good-paying job with annual increases in salary.

10e I have a good-paying job with many fringe benefits.

11a My sister worked as a secretary before she got married.

11b My sister worked as an office clerk before she got married.

11c My sister worked as an airline hostess before she got married.

11d My sister worked as a nurse before she got married.

11e My sister worked as a technician before she got married.

11f My sister worked as a salesgirl in a dress shop before she got married.

12a George’s father is an attorney. He has his own practice.

12b George’s father is a dentist. He has his own practice.

12c George’s father is a medical doctor. He has his own practice.

12d George’s father is a criminal lawyer. He has his own practice.

12e George’s father is an engineer. He has his own practice.

13a He always takes pride in his work. He’s very efficient.

13b He always takes pride in his work. He’s very industrious.

13c He always takes pride in his work. He’s very meticulous.

13d He always takes pride in his work. He’s very accurate.

13e He always takes pride in his work. He’s very devoted.

13f He always takes pride in his work. He’s very dedicated.

14a Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as governor.

14b Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as mayor.

14c Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as representative.

14d Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as senator.

14e Mr. Smith is a politician. He’s running for election as president.

15a After a successful career in business, he was appointed ambassador.

15b After a successful career in politics, he was appointed ambassador.

15c After a successful career in the army, he was appointed ambassador.

15d After a successful career in the foreign service, he was appointed ambassador.

Reading Practice

Sometimes we say that someone we know is “a square peg in a round hole”. This simply means that the person we are talking about is not suited for the job he is doing. He may be a bookkeeper who really wants to be an actor or a mechanic who likes cooking. A veces decimos que alguien que conocemos es “una clavija cuadrada en un agujero redondo”. Esto simplemente significa que la persona que estamos hablando no es adecuado para el trabajo que está haciendo. Él puede ser un tenedor de libros que realmente quiere ser un actor o un mecánico que le gusta cocinar.

Unfortunately, many people in the world are “square pegs”; they are not doing the kind of work they should be doing, for one reason or another. As a result they probably are not doing a very good job and certainly they are not happy. Desafortunadamente, muchas personas en el mundo son “clavijas cuadradas”, que no están haciendo el tipo de trabajo que deberían estar haciendo, por una razón u otra. Como resultado, probablemente no están haciendo un trabajo muy bueno y ciertamente no son felices.

Choosing the right career is very important. Most of us spend a great part of our lives at our jobs. For that reason we should try to find out what our talents are and how we can use them. We can do this through aptitude tests, interviews with specialists, and study of books in our field of interest. La elección de la carrera de derecho es muy importante. La mayoría de nosotros pasamos gran parte de nuestras vidas en nuestros puestos de trabajo. Por eso debemos tratar de averiguar lo que nuestros talentos están y cómo podemos utilizarlos. Podemos hacerlo a través de las pruebas de aptitud, entrevistas con especialistas, y el estudio de los libros en nuestro campo de interés.

There are many careers open to each of us. Perhaps we like science. Then we might prepare ourselves to be chemists, physicists, or biologists. Maybe our interests take us into the business world and such work as accounting, personnel management or public relations. Many persons find their place in government service. Teaching, newspaper work, medicine, engineering—these and many other fields offer fascinating careers to persons with talent and training. Hay muchas carreras abiertas a cada uno de nosotros. Tal vez nos gusta la ciencia. Entonces podemos prepararnos para ser químicos, físicos o biólogos. Tal vez nuestros intereses nos llevan al mundo de los negocios y de los trabajos que la contabilidad, gestión de personal o de relaciones públicas. Muchas personas encuentran su lugar en la administración pública. La enseñanza, el trabajo diario, la medicina, la ingeniería, estos y muchos otros campos ofrecen fascinantes carreras a las personas con talento y formación.

Questions

1. Why is it important to find the right career?

2. Name three ways that we can find the right career.

3. What are some of the careers found in the scientific world?

4. What do we mean by “square peg in a round hole”?

5. Do you know anyone who is not happy in his work? Is he a “square peg in a round hole”?

Word List

accurate exacto Is this accurate?

air force aviación Contact the air force.

airline aerolínea What airline do you want to use?

ambassador embajador Are you an ambassador?

army ejército Where is the army?

attorney abogado Who is your attorney?

bank teller cajero de banco Do you want to be a bank teller?

bookkeeper contable I’m a bookkeeper.

career carrera What is your career?

company empresa What company do you work for?

criminal criminal Are you a criminal?

dedicated dedicado He is dedicated to his work.

devoted dedicado She is devoted to her career.

driver conductor Where is the driver?

efficient eficiente This is efficient.

expert

expert

factory

federal

fireman

florist

fringe-benefits

general

good-paying

increase

industrious

legal

lieutenant

major

meticulous

missile

navy

painting

pilot

politician

politics

practice

rank

representative

salesgirl

secretary

service

shop

taxicab

technician

worker

U.S. Government Offices

Department of Agriculture

Department of Commerce

Department of Justice

Department of Labor

Department of State

Verb Forms

appoint

build up

manage

promote

retire

Expressions

run a business

run for election

take pride (in)